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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from           to

Commission File Number 001-38735
amr-20220331_g1.jpg
ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 81-3015061
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
340 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.
Bristol, Tennessee 37620
(Address of principal executive offices, zip code)
(423) 573-0300
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x Yes   ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Sec.232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). x Yes   ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) ☐ Yes   x No

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:



Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock AMR New York Stock Exchange

Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of April 30, 2022: 18,712,644






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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report includes statements of our expectations, intentions, plans and beliefs that constitute “forward-looking statements.” These statements, which involve risks and uncertainties, relate to analyses and other information that are based on forecasts of future results and estimates of amounts not yet determinable and may also relate to our future prospects, developments and business strategies. We have used the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “should” and similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions, in this report to identify forward-looking statements, but these terms and phrases are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements. These forward-looking statements are made based on expectations and beliefs concerning future events affecting us and are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control, that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by these forward-looking statements.

The following factors are among those that may cause actual results to differ materially from our forward-looking statements:

the financial performance of the company;
our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition;
our ability to generate sufficient cash or obtain financing to fund our business operations;
our indebtedness and potential future indebtedness;
depressed levels or declines in coal prices;
the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operations and the world economy;
changes in domestic or international environmental laws and regulations, and court decisions, including those directly affecting our coal mining and production, and those affecting our customers’ coal usage, including potential climate change initiatives;
worldwide market demand for coal, steel, and electricity, including demand for U.S. coal exports, and competition in coal markets;
our ability to consummate financing or refinancing transactions, and other services, and the form and degree of these services available to us, which may be significantly limited by the lending, investment and similar policies of financial institutions and insurance companies regarding carbon energy producers and the environmental impacts of coal combustion;
our ability to obtain or renew surety bonds on acceptable terms or maintain our current bonding status;
our ability to meet collateral requirements;
the imposition or continuation of barriers to trade, such as tariffs;
increased market volatility and uncertainty on worldwide markets and our customers as a result of developments in Ukraine and the consequent export controls and financial and economic sanctions;
reductions or increases in customer coal inventories and the timing of those changes;
our production capabilities and costs;
disruptions in delivery or changes in pricing from third-party vendors of key equipment and materials that are necessary for our operations, such as diesel fuel, steel products, explosives, tires and purchased coal;
inflationary pressures on supplies and labor and significant or rapid increases in commodity prices;
railroad, barge, truck and other transportation availability, performance and costs;
inherent risks of coal mining, including those that are beyond our control;
changes in the ownership of our equity, which may significantly further reduce the annual amount of the net operating loss and other carryforwards available to be utilized;
changes in, interpretations of, or implementations of domestic or international tax or other laws and regulations, including the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and its related regulations;
our ability to self-insure certain of our black lung obligations without a significant increase in required collateral;
our relationships with, and other conditions affecting, our customers, including the inability to collect payments from our customers if their creditworthiness declines;
changes in, renewal or acquisition of, terms of and performance of customers under coal supply arrangements and the refusal by our customers to receive coal under agreed-upon contract terms;
our ability to obtain, maintain or renew any necessary permits or rights, and our ability to mine properties due to defects in title on leasehold interests;
attracting and retaining key personnel and other employee workforce factors, such as labor relations;
funding for and changes in employee benefit obligations;
cybersecurity attacks or failures, threats to physical security, extreme weather conditions or other natural disasters;
reclamation and mine closure obligations;
4

utilities switching to alternative energy sources such as natural gas, renewables and coal from basins where we do not operate;
our assumptions concerning economically recoverable coal reserve estimates;
failures in performance, or non-performance, of services by third-party contractors, including contract mining and reclamation contractors;
disruption in third-party coal supplies; and
other factors, including the other factors discussed in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” sections included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” sections contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

The factors identified above are not exhaustive. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which are based on information currently available to us and speak only as of the dates on which they are made. When considering these forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the cautionary statements in this report. We do not undertake any responsibility to publicly revise these forward-looking statements to take into account events or circumstances that occur after the date of this report. Additionally, except as expressly required by federal securities laws, we do not undertake any responsibility to update you on the occurrence of any unanticipated events, which may cause actual results to differ from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in this report.

5

Part I - Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended March 31,
  2022 2021
Revenues:  
Coal revenues $ 1,069,738  $ 385,452 
Other revenues 2,226  801 
Total revenues 1,071,964  386,253 
Costs and expenses:    
Cost of coal sales (exclusive of items shown separately below) 555,317  347,428 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 28,035  28,438 
Accretion on asset retirement obligations 5,954  6,648 
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 5,748  3,869 
Asset impairment and restructuring —  (561)
Selling, general and administrative expenses (exclusive of depreciation, depletion and amortization shown separately above) 15,086  14,982 
Total other operating loss (income):
Mark-to-market adjustment for acquisition-related obligations 9,361  3,176 
Other income (628) (1,225)
Total costs and expenses 618,873  402,755 
Income (loss) from operations 453,091  (16,502)
Other (expense) income:    
Interest expense (13,083) (17,990)
Interest income 184  164 
Equity loss in affiliates (1,361) (134)
Miscellaneous income, net 1,797  1,766 
Total other expense, net (12,463) (16,194)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes 440,628  (32,696)
Income tax (expense) benefit (39,624)
Net income (loss) from continuing operations 401,004  (32,691)
Discontinued operations:
Loss from discontinued operations before income taxes (146) (237)
Income tax benefit from discontinued operations 33  — 
Loss from discontinued operations (113) (237)
Net income (loss) $ 400,891  $ (32,928)
Basic income (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 21.59  $ (1.78)
Loss from discontinued operations (0.01) (0.01)
Net income (loss) $ 21.58  $ (1.79)
Diluted income (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 20.52  $ (1.78)
6

Loss from discontinued operations —  (0.01)
Net income (loss) $ 20.52  $ (1.79)
Weighted average shares – basic
18,574,026  18,361,444 
Weighted average shares – diluted
19,540,642  18,361,444 

Refer to accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
7

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Net income (loss) $ 400,891  $ (32,928)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
Employee benefit plans:
Amortization of and adjustments to employee benefit costs $ 775  $ 1,484 
Income tax expense —  — 
Total other comprehensive income, net of tax $ 775  $ 1,484 
Total comprehensive income (loss) $ 401,666  $ (31,444)
Refer to accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

8

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Assets    
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 159,455  $ 81,211 
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $519 and $393 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
636,152  489,241 
Inventories, net 161,753  129,382 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 57,144  47,690 
Current assets - discontinued operations 69  462 
Total current assets 1,014,573  747,986 
Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $462,920 and $443,856 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
369,449  362,218 
Owned and leased mineral rights, net of accumulated depletion and amortization of $59,894 and $52,444 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
436,852  444,302 
Other acquired intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $39,968 and $34,221 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
68,450  74,197 
Long-term restricted cash 118,476  89,426 
Other non-current assets 96,673  131,057 
Non-current assets - discontinued operations 8,526  8,526 
Total assets $ 2,112,999  $ 1,857,712 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity    
Current liabilities:    
Current portion of long-term debt $ 2,434  $ 2,989 
Trade accounts payable 109,413  90,090 
Acquisition-related obligations – current
21,281  22,405 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 223,222  174,607 
Current liabilities - discontinued operations 4,576  5,838 
Total current liabilities 360,926  295,929 
Long-term debt 248,936  445,562 
Acquisition-related obligations - long-term 28,199  19,000 
Workers’ compensation and black lung obligations 204,470  208,193 
Pension obligations 155,895  159,930 
Asset retirement obligations 133,719  132,013 
Deferred income taxes 4,993  317 
Other non-current liabilities 22,624  26,176 
Non-current liabilities - discontinued operations 23,390  23,683 
Total liabilities 1,183,152  1,310,803 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 15)
Stockholders’ Equity
Preferred stock - par value $0.01, 5.0 million shares authorized, none issued
—  — 
Common stock - par value $0.01, 50.0 million shares authorized, 21.0 million issued and 18.5 million outstanding at March 31, 2022 and 20.8 million issued and 18.4 million outstanding at December 31, 2021
210  208 
Additional paid-in capital 788,281  784,743 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (57,728) (58,503)
Treasury stock, at cost: 2.5 million shares at March 31, 2022 and 2.4 million shares at December 31, 2021
(130,068) (107,800)
9

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit) 329,152  (71,739)
Total stockholders’ equity 929,847  546,909 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 2,112,999  $ 1,857,712 

Refer to accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
10

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Operating activities:
Net income (loss) $ 400,891  $ (32,928)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 28,035  28,438 
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 5,748  3,869 
Accretion of acquisition-related obligations discount 109  371 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and accretion of debt discount 3,679  3,316 
Mark-to-market adjustment for acquisition-related obligations 9,361  3,176 
Gain on disposal of assets (636) (1,258)
Asset impairment and restructuring —  (561)
Accretion on asset retirement obligations 5,954  6,648 
Employee benefit plans, net (174) 2,147 
Deferred income taxes 4,676  (6)
Stock-based compensation 1,182  2,183 
Equity loss in affiliates 1,361  134 
Other, net 135  826 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities (124,196) (35,470)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 336,125  (19,115)
Investing activities:
Capital expenditures (28,146) (20,395)
Proceeds on disposal of assets 917  2,652 
Purchases of investment securities (50) (12,959)
Maturity of investment securities 28,438  1,376 
Capital contributions to equity affiliates (3,468) (441)
Other, net (1,243) 18 
Net cash used in investing activities (3,552) (29,749)
Financing activities:
Principal repayments of long-term debt (200,461) (5,223)
Principal repayments of financing lease obligations (543) (501)
Common stock repurchases and related expenses (21,844) (680)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 891  — 
Proceeds from exercise of warrants 2,257  — 
Net cash used in financing activities (219,700) (6,404)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash 112,873  (55,268)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 182,614  244,571 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period $ 295,487  $ 189,303 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
11

As of March 31,
  2022 2021
Cash and cash equivalents $ 159,455  $ 92,236 
Short-term restricted cash (included in prepaid expenses and other current assets) 17,556  11,427 
Long-term restricted cash 118,476  85,640 
Total cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows $ 295,487  $ 189,303 

Refer to accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

12

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)
Common Stock Additional Paid-in Capital Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Treasury Stock at Cost (Accumulated Deficit) Retained Earnings Total Stockholders’ Equity
Balances, December 31, 2020 $ 206  $ 779,424  $ (111,985) $ (107,014) $ (360,529) $ 200,102 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (32,928) (32,928)
Other comprehensive income, net —  —  1,484  —  —  1,484 
Stock-based compensation and issuance of common stock for share vesting 2,182  —  —  —  2,183 
Common stock repurchases and related expenses —  —  —  (680) —  (680)
Balances, March 31, 2021 $ 207  $ 781,606  $ (110,501) $ (107,694) $ (393,457) $ 170,161 
Balances, December 31, 2021 $ 208  $ 784,743  $ (58,503) $ (107,800) $ (71,739) $ 546,909 
Net income —  —  —  —  400,891  400,891 
Other comprehensive income, net —  —  775  —  —  775 
Stock-based compensation, issuance of common stock for share vesting, and common stock reissuances (391) —  1,572  —  1,182 
Exercise of stock options —  891  —  —  —  891 
Warrants exercises 3,038  —  —  —  3,039 
Common stock repurchases and related expenses —  —  —  (23,840) —  (23,840)
Balances, March 31, 2022 $ 210  $ 788,281  $ (57,728) $ (130,068) $ 329,152  $ 929,847 
Refer to accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
13

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)

(1) Business and Basis of Presentation
Business

Alpha Metallurgical Resources, Inc. (“Alpha” or the “Company”) is a Tennessee-based mining company with operations across Virginia and West Virginia. With customers across the globe, high-quality reserves and significant port capacity, Alpha is a leading U.S. supplier of metallurgical products for the steel industry.

Basis of Presentation

Together, the condensed consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), balance sheets, cash flows and stockholders’ equity for the Company are referred to as the “Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.” The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are also referenced across periods as “Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations,” “Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss),” “Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets,” “Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows,” and “Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity.” The Company’s former Northern Appalachia (“NAPP”) operations results of operations and financial position are reported as discontinued operations in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Refer to Note 2 for further information on discontinued operations.
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all wholly-owned subsidiaries’ results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The accompanying interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for Form 10-Q. Such rules and regulations allow the omission of certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP as long as the financial statements are not misleading. In the opinion of management, these interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the periods presented. Results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022 or any other period. These interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
Reclassifications

Certain amounts in the prior year Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
COVID-19 Pandemic

In the first quarter of 2020, the COVID-19 virus was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The COVID-19 pandemic has had negative impacts on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. The Company experienced an increase in employee absences due to COVID-19. Indirectly, through some of the Company’s third-party vendors, the Company and the Company’s customers have experienced some supply chain disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s operational and financial performance will depend on certain developments, including the duration of the virus, its impact on the Company’s customers and suppliers, and the range of governmental and community reactions to the pandemic, which cannot be fully predicted. Health and safety are core values of the Company and are the foundation for how the Company manages every aspect of its business. The Company continues to monitor developments closely and adjust as necessary, including with respect to the Company’s implemented policies, procedures, and prevention measures to protect the safety and health of its employees.

Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance

Financial Instruments: In March 2022, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2022-02, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Troubled Debt Restructurings and
14

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
Vintage Disclosures (“ASU 2022-02”). This update eliminates the troubled debt restructuring model for creditors that have adopted Topic 326. All loan modifications will now be accounted for under general loan modification guidance and, on a prospective basis, entities will be subject to new disclosure requirements covering modifications of receivables to borrowers experiencing financial difficulty. In addition, entities will be required to prospectively disclose current-period gross write-off information by year of origination. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early application permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2022-02 during the first quarter of 2022. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures.

(2) Discontinued Operations

Discontinued operations consist of activity related to the Company’s former NAPP operations.

Major Financial Statement Components of Discontinued Operations

The loss from discontinued operations before income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $146 and $237, respectively. Refer to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Note 5 for loss per share information related to discontinued operations.

The major components of assets and liabilities that are classified as discontinued operations in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are as follows:

March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Assets:
Prepaid expenses and other current assets $ 69  $ 462 
Other non-current assets (1)
$ 8,526  $ 8,526 
Liabilities:
Trade accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities $ 4,576  $ 5,838 
Workers’ compensation and black lung obligations, non-current $ 23,390  $ 23,683 
(1) Comprised of workers’ compensation insurance receivable and long-term restricted investments collateralizing workers’ compensation obligations.

(3) Revenue

Disaggregation of Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The Company earns revenues primarily through the sale of coal produced at Company operations and coal purchased from third parties. The Company extracts, processes and markets met and thermal coal from deep and surface mines for sale to steel and coke producers, industrial customers, and electric utilities.

The Company has disaggregated revenue between met coal and thermal coal and export and domestic revenues which depicts the pricing and contract differences between the two. Export revenue generally is derived by spot or short term contracts with pricing determined at the time of shipment or based on a market index; whereas domestic revenue is characterized by contracts that typically have a term of one year or longer and typically the pricing is fixed. The following tables disaggregate the Company’s coal revenues by product category and by market to depict how the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of the Company’s coal revenues and cash flows are affected by economic factors:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Met Coal Thermal Coal Total
Export coal revenues $ 888,006  $ 6,519  $ 894,525 
Domestic coal revenues 159,987  15,226  175,213 
Total coal revenues $ 1,047,993  $ 21,745  $ 1,069,738 

15

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Met Coal Thermal Coal Total
Export coal revenues $ 242,752  $ 1,031  $ 243,783 
Domestic coal revenues 100,242  41,427  141,669 
Total coal revenues $ 342,994  $ 42,458  $ 385,452 

Performance Obligations

The following table includes estimated revenue expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied as of March 31, 2022:
Remainder of 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 Total
Estimated coal revenues $ 41,980  $ 32,919  $ 37,250  $ —  $ —  $ 112,149 

(4) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following tables summarize the changes to accumulated other comprehensive loss during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Balance January 1, 2022
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
Balance March 31, 2022
Employee benefit costs $ (58,503) $ —  $ 775  $ (57,728)

Balance January 1, 2021
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
Balance March 31, 2021
Employee benefit costs $ (111,985) $ —  $ 1,484  $ (110,501)

The following table summarizes the amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss and the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations line items affected by the reclassification during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Details about accumulated other comprehensive loss components Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss Affected line item in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Employee benefit costs:
Amortization of net actuarial loss (1)
$ 784  $ 1,484  Miscellaneous income, net
Settlement (1)
(9) —  Miscellaneous income, net
Total before income tax $ 775  $ 1,484 
Income tax —  —  Income tax (expense) benefit
Total, net of income tax $ 775  $ 1,484 
(1) These accumulated other comprehensive loss components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit costs for certain employee benefit plans. Refer to Note 13.

16

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
(5) Net Income (Loss) Per Share
The number of shares used to calculate basic net income (loss) per common share is based on the weighted average number of the Company’s outstanding common shares during the respective period. The number of shares used to calculate diluted net income (loss) per common share is based on the number of common shares used to calculate basic net income (loss) per common share plus the dilutive effect of stock options and other stock-based instruments held by the Company’s employees and directors during the period, and the Company’s outstanding Series A warrants. The dilutive effect of outstanding stock-based instruments is determined by application of the treasury stock method. The warrants become dilutive for diluted net income (loss) per common share calculations when the market price of the Company’s common stock exceeds the exercise price. As discussed below, dilutive securities are not included in the computation of diluted net loss per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as the impact would be anti-dilutive.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, 0 and 954,248 warrants, stock options, and other stock-based instruments, respectively, were excluded from the computation of dilutive net income (loss) per common share because they would have been anti-dilutive. When applying the treasury stock method, anti-dilution generally occurs when the exercise prices or unrecognized compensation cost per share are higher than the Company’s average stock price during an applicable period.

Anti-dilution also occurs in periods of a net loss, and the dilutive impact of all share-based compensation awards are excluded. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 the weighted average share impact of stock options and other stock-based instruments that were excluded from the calculation of diluted shares due to the Company incurring a net loss for the period was 323,236.

The following table presents the net income (loss) per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

17

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Net income (loss)
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 401,004  $ (32,691)
Loss from discontinued operations (113) (237)
Net income (loss) $ 400,891  $ (32,928)
Basic
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic 18,574,026  18,361,444 
Basic income (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 21.59  $ (1.78)
Loss from discontinued operations (0.01) (0.01)
Net income (loss) $ 21.58  $ (1.79)
Diluted
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic 18,574,026  18,361,444 
Diluted effect of warrants 443,273  — 
Diluted effect of stock options 7,119  — 
Diluted effect of other stock-based instruments 516,224  — 
Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted 19,540,642  18,361,444 
Diluted income (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 20.52  $ (1.78)
Loss from discontinued operations —  (0.01)
Net income (loss) $ 20.52  $ (1.79)

(6) Inventories, net
Inventories, net consisted of the following: 
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Raw coal $ 29,637  $ 20,347 
Saleable coal 99,040  81,240 
Materials, supplies and other, net
33,076  27,795 
Total inventories, net $ 161,753  $ 129,382 

18

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
(7) Capital Stock

Share Repurchase Program

On March 4, 2022, the Company’s board of directors adopted a share repurchase program that permits the Company to repurchase up to an aggregate amount of $150,000 of the Company's common stock. Share repurchases may be made from time to time through open market transactions, block trades, tender offers, or otherwise, and has no expiration date. The share repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of common stock or to acquire shares on any particular timetable, and the program may be suspended at any time at the Company’s discretion. Repurchases under the program are subject to market and business conditions, levels of available liquidity, the Company’s cash needs, restrictions under agreements or obligations, legal or regulatory requirements or restrictions and other relevant factors. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had repurchased an aggregate of 133,501 shares under the plan for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $16,547 (comprised of $16,543 of share repurchases and $4 of related fees).

Refer to Note 17 for subsequent event disclosures related to the Company’s share repurchase program.

Warrants

On July 26, 2016, the Company issued 810,811 warrants, which are classified as equity instruments. Pursuant to the underlying warrants agreement, the warrants are exercisable for cash or on a cashless basis at any time until July 26, 2023, and no fractional shares shall be issued upon warrant exercises. As of March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, the exercise price was $46.911 per share and the warrant share number was equal to 1.15.

As of March 31, 2022, 744,845 warrants remained outstanding, with a total of 856,572 shares underlying the un-exercised warrants. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company issued 64,861 shares of common stock resulting from exercises of its warrants and, pursuant to the terms of the underlying warrants agreement, withheld 91 of the issued shares in satisfaction of the warrant exercise price and in lieu of fractional shares, which were subsequently reclassified as treasury stock. As of March 31, 2021, 801,370 warrants remained outstanding, with a total of 921,576 shares underlying the un-exercised warrants. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, there were no warrants exercises.

Dividend Program

Refer to Note 17 for subsequent event disclosures related to the Company’s dividend program announcement.

(8) Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt consisted of the following: 
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Term Loan Credit Facility - due June 2024 $ 249,435  $ 449,435 
Other (1)
5,029  5,311 
Debt discount and issuance costs (3,094) (6,195)
Total long-term debt $ 251,370  $ 448,551 
Less current portion (2,434) (2,989)
Long-term debt, net of current portion $ 248,936  $ 445,562 
(1) Includes financing leases.

Term Loan Credit Facility - due June 2024
As of March 31, 2022, the borrowings made under the senior secured term loan facility under the Company’s Credit Agreement with a maturity date of June 14, 2024 (the “Term Loan Credit Facility”) were comprised of Eurocurrency Rate Loans (as defined therein) with an interest rate of 10.00%, calculated as the Eurocurrency rate during the period plus an applicable rate of 8.00%. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the carrying value of the Term Loan Credit Facility was $246,341 and $443,241, respectively, all of which was classified as long-term within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
19

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)

During the first quarter of 2022, the Company made a voluntary prepayment of $200,000 of outstanding principal borrowings under the Term Loan Credit facility. As a result of the prepayments in the prior year and current period, no further amortization payments under the Term Loan Credit Facility are required prior to maturity. Additionally, refer to Note 17 for related subsequent event disclosures.

All obligations under the Term Loan Credit Facility are guaranteed by substantially all of Alpha’s direct and indirect subsidiaries. Certain obligations under the Term Loan Facility are secured by a senior lien, subject to certain exceptions (including the ABL Priority Collateral described below), by substantially all of Alpha’s assets and the assets of Alpha’s subsidiary guarantors (“Term Loan Priority Collateral”), in each case subject to exceptions. The obligations under the Term Loan Credit Facility are also secured by a junior lien, again subject to certain exceptions, against the ABL Priority Collateral. The Term Loan Facility contains negative and affirmative covenants including certain financial covenants that are more flexible than the covenants in the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated December 6, 2021. The Company was in compliance with all covenants under this agreement as of March 31, 2022.

Second Amended and Restated Asset-Based Revolving Credit Agreement

The Second Amended and Restated Asset-Based Revolving Credit Agreement (“ABL Agreement”) includes a senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility (the “ABL Facility”). Under the ABL Facility, the Company may borrow cash or obtain letters of credit, on a revolving basis, in an aggregate amount of up to $155,000, of which no more than $150,000 may represent outstanding letters of credit ($125,000 on a committed basis and another $25,000 on an uncommitted cash collateralized basis) with any borrowings having a maturity date of December 6, 2024. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were no outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had $121,037 letters of credit outstanding under the ABL Facility.

The ABL Agreement provides that a specified percentage of billed and unbilled receivables and raw and clean inventory meeting certain criteria are eligible to be counted for purposes of collateralizing the amount of financing available, subject to certain terms and conditions. Availability under the ABL Facility is calculated on a monthly basis and fluctuates based on qualifying amounts of coal inventory and trade accounts receivable (the “Borrowing Base”) and the facility's covenant limitations related to the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in therein). In accordance with terms of the ABL Facility, the Company may be required to collateralize the ABL Facility to the extent outstanding borrowings and letters of credit under the ABL Facility exceed the Borrowing Base after considering covenant limitations.

The ABL Facility is guaranteed by substantially all of Alpha’s direct and indirect subsidiaries (together with Alpha, the “Loan Parties”) and secured by all or substantially all assets of the Loan Parties, including equity in Alpha’s direct domestic subsidiaries, as collateral for the obligations under the ABL Facility. The ABL Facility has a first lien on ABL priority collateral and a second lien on Term Loan Priority Collateral. The ABL Agreement, as amended, and related documents contain negative and affirmative covenants including certain financial covenants. The Company is in compliance with all covenants under these agreements as of March 31, 2022.

(9) Acquisition-Related Obligations
Acquisition-related obligations consisted of the following:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Contingent Revenue Obligation $ 44,366  $ 35,005 
Environmental Settlement Obligations 5,238  6,633 
Discount (124) (233)
Total acquisition-related obligations $ 49,480  $ 41,405 
Less current portion (21,281) (22,405)
Acquisition-related obligations, net of current portion $ 28,199  $ 19,000 

Contingent Revenue Obligation

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the carrying value of the Contingent Revenue Obligation was $44,366 and $35,005, with $16,166 and $16,005 classified as current, respectively, classified as an acquisition-related obligation in the
20

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Refer to Note 11 for further disclosures related to the fair value assignment and methods used.

(10) Asset Retirement Obligations

The following table summarizes the changes in asset retirement obligations for the three months ended March 31, 2022:
Total asset retirement obligations at December 31, 2021 $ 164,172 
Accretion for the period 5,954 
Revisions in estimated cash flows (337)
Expenditures for the period (3,695)
Total asset retirement obligations at March 31, 2022 166,094 
Less current portion (1)
(32,375)
Long-term portion $ 133,719 
(1) Included within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(11) Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
The estimated fair values of financial instruments are determined based on relevant market information. These estimates involve uncertainty and cannot be determined with precision.
The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, net, prepaid expenses and other current assets, short-term and long-term restricted cash, short-term and long-term deposits, trade accounts payable, and accrued expenses and other current liabilities approximate fair value as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 due to the short maturity of these instruments.
The following tables set forth by level, within the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s long-term debt at fair value as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
March 31, 2022
Carrying
     Amount (1)
Total Fair Value Quoted Prices in Active Markets
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Term Loan Credit Facility - due June 2024 $ 246,341  $ 249,955  $ —  $ 249,955  $ — 
Total long-term debt $ 246,341  $ 249,955  $ —  $ 249,955  $ — 

December 31, 2021
Carrying
     Amount (1)
Total Fair Value Quoted Prices in Active Markets
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Term Loan Credit Facility - due June 2024 $ 443,241  $ 447,561  $ —  $ 447,561  $ — 
Total long-term debt $ 443,241  $ 447,561  $ —  $ 447,561  $ — 
(1) Net of debt discounts and debt issuance costs.

The following tables set forth by level, within the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s acquisition-related obligations at fair value as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
21

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
  March 31, 2022
Carrying
     Amount (1)
Total Fair Value Quoted Prices in Active Markets
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Environmental Settlement Obligations $ 5,114  $ 5,046  $ —  $ —  $ 5,046 
Total acquisition-related obligations $ 5,114  $ 5,046  $ —  $ —  $ 5,046 

  December 31, 2021
Carrying
     Amount (1)
Total Fair Value Quoted Prices in Active Markets
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Environmental Settlement Obligations $ 6,400  $ 6,270  $ —  $ —  $ 6,270 
Total acquisition-related obligations $ 6,400  $ 6,270  $ —  $ —  $ 6,270 
(1) Net of discounts.

The following table sets forth by level, within the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s financial and non-financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. Financial and non-financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment, and may affect the determination of fair value for assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels.
  March 31, 2022
Total Fair Value Quoted Prices in Active Markets (Level 1) Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2) Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Contingent Revenue Obligation $ 44,366  $ —  $ —  $ 44,366 
Trading securities $ 50  $ —  $ 50  $ — 

  December 31, 2021
Total Fair Value Quoted Prices in Active Markets (Level 1) Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2) Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Contingent Revenue Obligation $ 35,005  $ —  $ —  $ 35,005 
Trading securities $ 28,443  $ 27,075  $ 1,368  $ — 

The following tables present a reconciliation of the financial and non-financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis and that were categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy:
December 31, 2021 Payments
Loss (Gain) Recognized in Earnings (1)
Transfer In (Out) of Level 3 Fair Value Hierarchy March 31, 2022
Contingent Revenue Obligation $ 35,005  $ —  $ 9,361  $ —  $ 44,366 
(1) The loss recognized in earnings resulted primarily from an increase in forecasted future revenue as of March 31, 2022.

December 31, 2020
Payments
Loss (Gain) Recognized in Earnings (1)
Transfer In (Out) of Level 3 Fair Value Hierarchy March 31, 2021
Contingent Revenue Obligation $ 28,967  $ —  $ 3,176  $ —  $ 32,143 
(1) The loss recognized in earnings resulted primarily from a decrease in the annual risk-free interest rate as of March 31, 2021.
22

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair values of the assets and liabilities in the tables above:
Level 1 Fair Value Measurements
Trading Securities - Typically includes money market funds and other cash equivalents. The fair value is based on observable market data.

Level 2 Fair Value Measurements
Term Loan Credit Facility - due June 2024 - The fair value is based on the average between bid and ask prices provided by a third-party. As the fair value is based on observable market inputs and due to limited trading volume in the Term Loan Credit Facility, the Company has classified the fair value within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Trading Securities - Typically includes certificates of deposit, mutual funds, corporate debt securities and U.S. treasury and agency securities. The fair values of the Company’s trading securities are obtained from a third-party pricing service provider. The fair values provided by the pricing service provider are based on observable market inputs including credit spreads and broker-dealer quotes, among other inputs. The Company classifies the prices obtained from the pricing services within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy because the underlying inputs are directly observable from active markets. However, the pricing models used entail a certain amount of subjectivity and therefore differing judgments in how the underlying inputs are modeled could result in different estimates of fair value.

Level 3 Fair Value Measurements

Environmental Settlement Obligations - Observable transactions are not available to aid in determining the fair value of these items. Therefore, the fair value was derived by using the expected present value approach in which estimated cash flows are discounted using a risk-free interest rate adjusted for credit risk (discount rates of approximately 12% and 13% as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively).

Contingent Revenue Obligation - The fair value of the contingent revenue obligation was estimated using a Black-Scholes pricing model and is marked to market at each reporting period with changes in value reflected in earnings. The inputs included in the Black-Scholes pricing model are the Company's forecasted future revenue, the stated royalty rate, the remaining periods in the obligation, annual risk-free interest rate based on the U.S. Constant Maturity Treasury Curve and annualized volatility. The annualized volatility was calculated by observing volatilities for comparable companies with adjustments for the Company's size and leverage. The range of significant unobservable inputs used to value the Contingent Revenue Obligation as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, are set forth in the following table:
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Forecasted future revenue
$1.5 - $3.1 billion
$1.5 - $2.0 billion
Stated royalty rate
1.0% - 1.5%
1.0% - 1.5%
Annualized volatility
20.7% - 39.3% (37.0%)
18.4% - 39.3% (29.9%)

(12) Income Taxes

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company recorded income tax expense of $39,624 on income from continuing operations before income taxes of $440,628. The income tax expense differs from the expected statutory amount primarily due to the decrease in the valuation allowance and the permanent impact of percentage depletion and foreign-derived intangible income deductions, partially offset by the impact of state income taxes, net of federal impact. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded income tax benefit of $5 on a loss from continuing operations before income taxes of $32,696. The income tax benefit differs from the expected statutory amount primarily due to the increase in the valuation allowance, partially offset by the permanent impact of percentage depletion deductions and the impact of state income taxes, net of federal tax impact.

As a result of generating income before income taxes during the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company recorded a decrease of $23,453 to its deferred tax asset valuation allowance recorded as of December 31, 2021. The decrease in
23

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
the valuation allowance results in part from a decrease in deferred tax assets since the prior reporting date of December 31, 2021. The Company currently is relying primarily on the reversal of taxable temporary differences, along with consideration of taxable income via carryback to prior years and tax planning strategies, to support the realization of deferred tax assets. For each reporting period, the Company updates its assessment regarding the realizability of its deferred tax assets, including scheduling the reversal of its deferred tax assets and liabilities, to determine the amount of valuation allowance needed. Scheduling the reversal of deferred tax asset and liability balances requires judgment and estimation. The Company believes the deferred tax liabilities relied upon as future taxable income in its assessment will reverse in the same period and jurisdiction and are of the same character as the temporary differences giving rise to the deferred tax assets that will be realized. The valuation allowance recorded represents the portion of deferred tax assets for which the Company is unable to support realization through the methods described above.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company has recorded a current federal and state income taxes payable of $38,249, classified as Accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(13) Employee Benefit Plans
The components of net periodic benefit (credit) cost other than the service cost component for black lung are included in the line item miscellaneous income, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Pension

The following table details the components of the net periodic benefit credit for pension obligations:
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Interest cost $ 3,984  $ 3,422 
Expected return on plan assets (7,185) (7,247)
Amortization of net actuarial loss 484  875 
Net periodic benefit credit $ (2,717) $ (2,950)

Black Lung

The following table details the components of the net periodic benefit cost for black lung obligations:
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021
Service cost $ 654  $ 739 
Interest cost 665  607 
Expected return on plan assets (13) (14)
Amortization of net actuarial loss 209  522 
Net periodic benefit cost $ 1,515  $ 1,854 

(14) Related Party Transactions
There were no material related party transactions for the three months ended March 31, 2022 or 2021.

24

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
(15) Commitments and Contingencies
(a) General
Estimated losses from loss contingencies are accrued by a charge to income when information available indicates that it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.
If a loss contingency is not probable or reasonably estimable, disclosure of the loss contingency is made in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements when it is at least reasonably possible that a loss may be incurred and that the loss could be material.
(b) Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments
The Company leases coal mining and other equipment under long-term financing and operating leases with varying terms. In addition, the Company leases mineral interests and surface rights from landowners under various terms and royalty rates.

Coal royalty expense was $57,343 and $18,758 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Other Commitments

As of March 31, 2022, the Company has obligations under certain coal purchase agreements that contain minimum quantities to be purchased in the remainder of 2022 totaling an estimated $71,226.

Contingencies

Extensive regulation of the impacts of mining on the environment and of maintaining workplace safety has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant effect on the Company’s costs of production and results of operations. Further regulations, legislation or litigation in these areas may also cause the Company’s sales or profitability to decline by increasing costs or by hindering the Company’s ability to continue mining at existing operations or to permit new operations.
During the normal course of business, contract-related matters arise between the Company and its customers. When a loss related to such matters is considered probable and can reasonably be estimated, the Company records a liability.
As of March 31, 2022, per terms of the Cumberland Back-to-Back Coal Supply Agreements, the Company is required to purchase and sell 1,600 tons of coal in the remainder of 2022 totaling $61,853. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company purchased and sold 419 and 700 tons, respectively, totaling $16,185 and $27,066, respectively, under the Cumberland Back-to-Back Coal Supply Agreements. As of March 31, 2022, the Cumberland Back-to-Back Coal Supply Agreements are scheduled to be fully performed by December 31, 2022.
(c) Guarantees and Financial Instruments with Off-Balance Sheet Risk
In the normal course of business, the Company is a party to certain guarantees and financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk, such as bank letters of credit, performance or surety bonds, and other guarantees and indemnities related to the obligations of affiliated entities which are not reflected in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. However, the underlying liabilities that they secure, such as asset retirement obligations, workers’ compensation liabilities, and royalty obligations, are reflected in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company is required to provide financial assurance in order to perform the post-mining reclamation required by its mining permits, pay workers’ compensation claims under workers’ compensation laws in various states, pay federal black lung benefits, and perform certain other obligations. In order to provide the required financial assurance, the Company generally uses surety bonds for post-mining reclamation and workers’ compensation obligations. The Company can also use bank letters of credit to collateralize certain obligations.

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ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had $121,037 letters of credit outstanding under the Second Amended and Restated Asset-Based Revolving Credit Agreement. Additionally, as of March 31, 2022, the Company had $50 in letters of credit outstanding under the Credit and Security Agreement dated June 30, 2017, and related amendments, between ANR, Inc. and First Tennessee Bank National Association.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had outstanding surety bonds with a total face amount of $174,198 to secure various obligations and commitments. To secure the Company’s reclamation-related obligations, the Company has $36,774 of collateral in the form of restricted cash and deposits and $15,548 of letters of credit outstanding supporting these obligations as of March 31, 2022.

The Company meets frequently with its surety providers and has discussions with certain providers regarding the extent of and the terms of their participation in the program. These discussions may cause the Company to shift surety bonds between providers or to alter the terms of their participation in our program. To the extent that surety bonds become unavailable or the Company’s surety bond providers require additional collateral, the Company would seek to secure its obligations with letters of credit, cash deposits or other suitable forms of collateral. The Company’s failure to maintain, or inability to acquire, surety bonds or to provide a suitable alternative would have a material adverse effect on its liquidity. These failures could result from a variety of factors including lack of availability, higher cost or unfavorable market terms of new surety bonds, and the exercise by third-party surety bond issuers of their right to refuse to renew the surety.

Amounts included in restricted cash provide collateral to secure the following obligations which have been written on the Company’s behalf:
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Workers’ compensation and black lung obligations $ 72,252  $ 70,637 
Reclamation-related obligations 36,665  10,449 
Financial payments and other performance obligations 9,559  8,340 
Contingent Revenue Obligation escrow 17,556  11,977 
Total restricted cash 136,032  101,403 
Less current portion (1)
(17,556) (11,977)
Restricted cash, net of current portion $ 118,476  $ 89,426 
(1) Included within Prepaid expenses and other current assets on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Amounts included in restricted investments provide collateral to secure the following obligations which have been written on the Company’s behalf:
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Workers’ compensation obligations $ 50  $ 210 
Reclamation-related obligations —  26,225 
Financial payments and other performance obligations —  2,008 
Total restricted investments (1), (2)
$ 50  $ 28,443 
(1) Included within Other non-current assets on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) Classified as trading securities as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.

Amounts included in deposits provide collateral to secure the following obligations which have been written on the Company’s behalf:
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Reclamation-related obligations $ 109  $ 118 
Financial payments and other performance obligations 411  403 
Other operating agreements 866  873 
Total deposits (1)
$ 1,386  $ 1,394 
(1) Included within Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Other non-current assets on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
26

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)

DCMWC Reauthorization Process

In July 2019, the U.S. Department of Labor (Division of Coal Mine Workers’ Compensation or “DCMWC”) began implementing a new authorization process for all self-insured coal mine operators. As requested by the DCMWC, the Company filed an application and supporting documentation for reauthorization to self-insure certain of its black lung obligations in October 2019. As a result of this application, the DCMWC notified the Company in a letter dated February 21, 2020 that the Company was reauthorized to self-insure certain of its black lung obligations for a period of one-year from February 21, 2020. The DCMWC reauthorization is contingent, however, upon the Company’s providing collateral of $65,700 to secure certain of its black lung obligations. This proposed collateral requirement is an increase from the approximate $2,600 in collateral that the Company currently provides to secure these self-insured black lung obligations. The reauthorization process provided the Company with the right to appeal the security determination in writing within 30 days of the date of the notification, which appeal period the DCMWC agreed to extend to May 22, 2020. The Company exercised this right of appeal in connection with the substantial increase in the amount of required collateral. In February 2021, the U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) withdrew its Federal Register notice seeking comments on its bulletin describing its new method of calculating collateral requirements. The Department removed the bulletin from its website in May 2021. On February 10, 2022, a telephone conference was held with DCMWC and DOL decision makers wherein the Company presented facts and arguments in support of its appeal. No ruling has been made on the appeal, but during the call the Company indicated that it would be willing to allocate an additional $10,000 in collateral. If the Company’s appeal is unsuccessful, the Company may be required to provide additional letters of credit to receive the self-insurance reauthorization from the DCMWC or alternatively insure these black lung obligations through a third party provider that would likely also require the Company to provide additional collateral. Either of these outcomes could potentially reduce the Company’s liquidity.

(d) Legal Proceedings 

The Company is party to legal proceedings from time to time. These proceedings, as well as governmental examinations, could involve various business units and a variety of claims including, but not limited to, contract disputes, personal injury claims, property damage claims (including those resulting from blasting, trucking and flooding), environmental and safety issues, securities-related matters and employment matters. While some legal matters may specify the damages claimed by the plaintiffs, many seek an unquantified amount of damages. Even when the amount of damages claimed against the Company or its subsidiaries is stated, (i) the claimed amount may be exaggerated or unsupported; (ii) the claim may be based on a novel legal theory or involve a large number of parties; (iii) there may be uncertainty as to the likelihood of a class being certified or the ultimate size of the class; (iv) there may be uncertainty as to the outcome of pending appeals or motions; and/or (v) there may be significant factual issues to be resolved. As a result, if such legal matters arise in the future, the Company may be unable to estimate a range of possible loss for matters that have not yet progressed sufficiently through discovery and development of important factual information and legal issues. The Company records accruals based on an estimate of the ultimate outcome of these matters, but these estimates can be difficult to determine and involve significant judgment.

(16) Segment Information
The Company extracts, processes and markets met and thermal coal from deep and surface mines for sale to steel and coke producers, industrial customers, and electric utilities. The Company conducts mining operations only in the United States with mines in Central Appalachia (“CAPP”). The Company has one reportable segment: Met, which consists of five active mines and two preparation plants in Virginia, fourteen active mines and five preparation plants in West Virginia, as well as expenses associated with certain idled/closed mines.

In addition to the one reportable segment, the All Other category includes general corporate overhead and corporate assets and liabilities, the former CAPP - Thermal operations consisting of one active mine and one preparation plant in West Virginia, and the elimination of certain intercompany activity, as well as expenses associated with certain idled/closed mines.

Reportable segment operating results are regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”), who is the Chief Executive Officer of the Company.

Segment operating results and capital expenditures for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were as follows: 
27

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Met All Other Consolidated
Total revenues $ 1,055,689  $ 16,275  $ 1,071,964 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization $ 27,060  $ 975  $ 28,035 
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net $ 4,796  $ 952  $ 5,748 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 513,301  $ (9,494) $ 503,807 
Capital expenditures $ 27,297  $ 849  $ 28,146 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Met All Other Consolidated
Total revenues $ 359,878  $ 26,375  $ 386,253 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization $ 26,536  $ 1,902  $ 28,438 
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net $ 4,051  $ (182) $ 3,869 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 32,582  $ (3,699) $ 28,883 
Capital expenditures $ 20,323  $ 72  $ 20,395 

The following tables present a reconciliation of net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Met All Other Consolidated
Net income (loss) from continuing operations $ 478,167  $ (77,163) $ 401,004 
Interest expense 49  13,034  13,083 
Interest income (172) (12) (184)
Income tax expense —  39,624  39,624 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 27,060  975  28,035 
Non-cash stock compensation expense 1,179  1,182 
Mark-to-market adjustment - acquisition-related obligations —  9,361  9,361 
Accretion on asset retirement obligations 3,398  2,556  5,954 
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 4,796  952  5,748 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 513,301  $ (9,494) $ 503,807 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Met All Other Consolidated
Net loss from continuing operations $ (1,438) $ (31,253) $ (32,691)
Interest expense 43  17,947  17,990 
Interest income (5) (159) (164)
Income tax benefit —  (5) (5)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 26,536  1,902  28,438 
Non-cash stock compensation expense 10  2,173  2,183 
Mark-to-market adjustment - acquisition-related obligations —  3,176  3,176 
Accretion on asset retirement obligations 3,385  3,263  6,648 
Asset impairment and restructuring
—  (561) (561)
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 4,051  (182) 3,869 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 32,582  $ (3,699) $ 28,883 
28

ALPHA METALLURGICAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands except share and per share data)

No asset information has been disclosed as the CODM does not regularly review asset information by reportable segment.

The Company markets produced, processed and purchased coal to customers in the United States and in international markets. Revenue is tracked within the Company’s accounting records based on the product destination. The following table presents additional information on our revenues and top customers:
Three Months Ended March 31,
  2022 2021
Total coal revenues $ 1,069,738  $ 385,452 
Export coal revenues $ 894,525  $ 243,783 
Export coal revenues as % of total coal revenues 84  % 63  %
Countries with export coal revenue exceeding 10% of total revenue India India, Brazil
Top customer as % of total revenue 29  % 13  %
Top 10 customers as % of total revenue 73  % 63  %
Number of customers exceeding 10% of total revenue 1 1
Number of customers exceeding 10% of total trade accounts receivable, net 1 3

(17) Subsequent Events

During the second quarter of 2022, the Company made a voluntary prepayment of $150,000 of outstanding principal borrowings under the Term Loan Credit facility. Refer to Note 8 for further information related to long-term debt.

On May 3, 2022, the Company’s board of directors amended the share repurchase program adopted on March 4, 2022 to increase the aggregate amount the Company is permitted to repurchase from an aggregate amount of up to $150,000 to an aggregate amount of up to $600,000 of the Company's common stock. Refer to Note 7 for information regarding the Company’s share repurchase program.

Additionally on May 3, 2022, the Company‘s board of directors adopted a dividend policy. Pursuant to this policy, the board intends to pay aggregate cash dividends of $1.50 per share of common stock per year, with $0.375 per share paid each quarter. The board has declared that the first quarterly dividend payment will become payable on July 1, 2022 for holders of record as of June 15, 2022. Future dividend payments will be targeted to be paid in the first month of each calendar quarter. Any decision to pay future cash dividends will, however, be made by the board and depend on Alpha’s future earnings and financial condition and other relevant factors.









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GLOSSARY
Alpha. Alpha Metallurgical Resources, Inc. (the “Company”) (previously named Contura Energy, Inc.).
Ash. Impurities consisting of iron, alumina and other incombustible matter that are contained in coal. Since ash increases the weight of coal, it adds to the cost of handling and can affect the burning characteristics of coal.

Bituminous coal. Coal used primarily to generate electricity and to make coke for the steel industry with a heat value ranging between 10,500 and 15,500 BTU’s per pound.

British Thermal Unit or BTU. A measure of the thermal energy required to raise the temperature of one pound of pure liquid water one degree Fahrenheit at the temperature at which water has its greatest density (39 degrees Fahrenheit).

Central Appalachia or CAPP. Coal producing area in eastern Kentucky, Virginia, southern West Virginia and a portion of eastern Tennessee.

Coal reserves. The economically mineable part of a measured or indicated coal resource, which includes diluting materials and allowances for losses that may occur when coal is mined or extracted.

Coal resources. Coal deposits in such form, quality, and quantity that there are reasonable prospects for economic extraction.

Coal seam. Coal deposits occur in layers. Each layer is called a “seam.”

Coke. A hard, dry carbon substance produced by heating coal to a very high temperature in the absence of air. Coke is used in the manufacture of iron and steel. Its production results in a number of useful byproducts.

Cumberland Back-to-Back Coal Supply Agreement. Certain agreements with Iron Senergy under which Iron Senergy will sell to the Company all of the coal that the Company is obligated to sell to customers under Cumberland coal supply agreements (“Cumberland CSAs”) which existed as of the transaction closing date but did not transfer to Iron Senergy at closing (each, a “Cumberland Back-to-Back Coal Supply Agreement”). Each Cumberland Back-to-Back Coal Supply Agreement has economic terms identical to, but offsetting, the related Cumberland CSA. If a Cumberland customer subsequently consents to assign a Cumberland CSA to Iron Senergy after closing, the related Cumberland CSA will immediately and automatically transfer to Iron Senergy and the related Cumberland Back-to-Back Coal Supply Agreements executed by the parties shall thereupon terminate as set forth therein.

ESG. Environmental, social and governance sustainability criteria.

Indicated coal resource. That part of a coal resource for which quantity and quality are estimated on the basis of adequate geological evidence and sampling sufficient to establish geological and quality continuity with reasonable certainty.

In situ coal resources. Coal resources stated on an in-seam dry basis (excluding surface and inherent moisture) with no consideration for dilution or losses that may occur when coal is mined or extracted.

Measured coal resource. That part of a coal resource for which quantity and quality are estimated on the basis of conclusive geological evidence and sampling sufficient to test and confirm geological and quality continuity.

Merger. Merger with ANR, Inc. and Alpha Natural Resources Holdings, Inc. completed on November 9, 2018.

Metallurgical coal. The various grades of coal suitable for carbonization to make coke for steel manufacture. Also known as “met” coal, its quality is primarily differentiated based on volatility or its percent of volatile matter. Met coal typically has a particularly high BTU but low ash and sulfur content.

Northern Appalachia or NAPP. Coal producing area in Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania and northern West Virginia.

Operating Margin. Coal revenues less cost of coal sales.

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Preparation plant. A preparation plant is a facility for crushing, sizing and washing coal to remove impurities and prepare it for use by a particular customer. The washing process has the added benefit of removing some of the coal’s sulfur content. A preparation plant is usually located on a mine site, although one plant may serve several mines.

Probable mineral reserve. The economically mineable part of an indicated and, in some cases, a measured coal resource.

Productivity. As used in this report, refers to clean metric tons of coal produced per underground man hour worked, as published by the MSHA.

Proven mineral reserve. The economically mineable part of a measured coal resource.

Reclamation. The process of restoring land and the environment to their original state following mining activities. The process commonly includes “recontouring” or reshaping the land to its approximate original appearance, restoring topsoil and planting native grass and ground covers. Reclamation operations are usually underway before the mining of a particular site is completed. Reclamation is closely regulated by both state and federal law.

Roof. The stratum of rock or other mineral above a coal seam; the overhead surface of a coal working place.

Sulfur. One of the elements present in varying quantities in coal that contributes to environmental degradation when coal is burned. Sulfur dioxide is produced as a gaseous by-product of coal combustion.

Surface mine. A mine in which the coal lies near the surface and can be extracted by removing the covering layer of soil.

Thermal coal. Coal used by power plants and industrial steam boilers to produce electricity, steam or both. It generally is lower in BTU heat content and higher in volatile matter than metallurgical coal.

Tons. A “short” or net ton is equal to 2,000 pounds. A “long” or British ton is equal to 2,240 pounds; a “metric” ton (or “tonne”) is approximately 2,205 pounds. Tonnage amounts in this report are stated in short tons, unless otherwise indicated.

Underground mine. Also known as a “deep” mine. Usually located several hundred feet below the earth’s surface, an underground mine’s coal is removed mechanically and transferred by shuttle car and conveyor to the surface.



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Item 2. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis provides a narrative of our results of operations and financial condition for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. The following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes and risk factors contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” included elsewhere herein.
COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has had negative impacts on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Our Company experienced an increase in employee absences due to COVID-19. Indirectly, through some of our third-party vendors, we and our customers have experienced some supply chain disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operational and financial performance will depend on certain developments, including the duration of the virus, its impact on our customers and suppliers, and the range of governmental and community reactions to the pandemic, which cannot be fully predicted. Health and safety are core values of our Company and are the foundation for how we manage every aspect of our business. We continue to monitor developments closely and adjust as necessary, including with respect to our implemented policies, procedures, and prevention measures to protect the safety and health of our employees.

Market Overview

Several macroeconomic factors influenced metallurgical coal markets in the first quarter of 2022. Pandemic-related labor and supply-chain challenges persisted in many areas, alongside rising inflationary pressure. Supply tightness from prior quarters continued into the early months of 2022. In late February, Russia invaded Ukraine, which created far-reaching, global geopolitical implications. The war has further constrained availability of metallurgical coal, and the various sanctions imposed as a result of the conflict have had additional impacts on market dynamics and index pricing, which experienced significant volatility within the quarter.

The U.S. East Coast High Volatile A index started the quarter at $340 per metric ton and increased to $479 per metric ton at quarter close on March 31, 2022. The U.S. East Coast Low Volatile index rose from $320 per metric ton at the start of the quarter to $535 per metric ton on March 31, 2022. The Australian Premium Low Volatile index also increased from $357 per metric ton at the start of the quarter to $515 per metric ton at the end of the first quarter.

Economic indicators across the globe continue to show positive yet meaningfully slowing growth. The world manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (“PMI”) dipped from 53.7 in February to 53.0 in March 2022, which represents the lowest level in an 18-month period and the weakest growth rate since September of 2020. However, certain of Alpha’s key markets have posted stronger growth metrics than the world averages. The United States PMI index strengthened from a February level of 57.3 to 58.8 in March. While still robust, Europe’s PMI decreased from 58.2 in February to 56.5 in March. India’s PMI held relatively steady in recent months at March’s level of 54.0, while Brazil’s PMI rebounded from contractionary territory at the start of the year to a positive March level of 52.3. Continued challenges in China, including governmental restrictions imposed in connection with the Olympics and COVID-19 lockdowns, resulted in a drop from 50.4 in February to a contractionary PMI of 48.1 in March.

The World Steel Association’s (“WSA”) global crude steel production was 161.0 million metric tons in March 2022, a 5.8% decrease as compared to the year-ago period of March 2021. South American production of 3.7 million metric tons was the only region showing an increase in March of 2022 with a 1.7% increase as compared to March of 2021. North American crude steel production of 9.7 million metric tons for the month represented a 2.8% decrease as compared to the year-ago period. Steel production in the European Union of 12.8 million metric tons was down 8.5% year over year. China’s March 2022 production level of 88.3 million metric tons was down 6.4% as compared to March 2021.

Additionally, American Iron and Steel Institute’s capacity utilization rate for U.S. steel mills was 81.7% for the week ending April 23, 2022.

In the thermal coal market, index pricing in the first quarter of 2022 was very volatile as well, with several thermal coal indices, including API2, reaching multi-year highs within the quarter. While many factors contributed to thermal coal price spikes, Russia’s war on Ukraine prompted additional uncertainty about the already-tight energy supply chain globally, causing
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pricing to increase. Alpha continues to ship thermal coal in accordance with existing contracts, and Alpha’s last remaining thermal operation, the Slabcamp mine, is on pace to mine out and cease operation before year end 2022.

We continue to monitor developments in Ukraine as well as the related export controls and financial and economic sanctions imposed on certain industry sectors and parties in Russia by the U.S., the U.K., the European Union and others. Aside from increased market volatility and uncertainty, we do not foresee direct material adverse effects upon our business, financial condition or results of operations as a result of developments in Ukraine and the consequent controls and sanctions.

Business Overview

We are a Tennessee-based mining company with operations across Virginia and West Virginia. With customers across the globe, high-quality reserves and significant port capacity, we reliably supply metallurgical coal products to the steel industry. We operate high-quality, cost-competitive coal mines across the CAPP coal basin. As of March 31, 2022, our operations consisted of twenty active mines and eight coal preparation and load-out facilities, with approximately 3,560 employees. We produce, process, and sell met coal and thermal coal. We also sell coal produced by others, some of which is processed and/or blended with coal produced from our mines prior to resale, with the remainder purchased for resale. As of December 31, 2021, we had 351.1 million tons of reserves, 335.8 million tons of proven and probable metallurgical reserves, and 15.3 million tons of proven and probable thermal reserves. Additionally, we had approximately 381.7 million tons of in situ bituminous coal resources.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, sales of met coal were 3.5 million tons and 3.4 million tons, respectively, and accounted for approximately 88% and 82%, respectively, of our coal sales volume. Sales of thermal coal were 0.5 million tons and 0.7 million tons, respectively, and accounted for approximately 12% and 18%, respectively, of our coal sales volume.

Our sales of met coal were made primarily to steel companies in the northeastern and midwestern regions of the United States and in several countries in Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Our sales of thermal coal were made primarily to large utilities and industrial customers throughout the United States. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 approximately 84% and 63%, respectively, of our coal revenues were derived from coal sales made to customers outside the United States.

In addition, we generate other revenues from equipment sales, rentals, terminal and processing fees, coal and environmental analysis fees, royalties and the sale of natural gas. We also record freight and handling fulfillment revenue within coal revenues for freight and handling services provided in delivering coal to certain customers, which are a component of the contractual selling price.

As of March 31, 2022, we have one reportable segment: Met. Our Met segment operations consist of high-quality met coal mines, including Deep Mine 41, Road Fork 52, Black Eagle, and Lynn Branch. The coal produced by our Met segment operations is predominantly met coal with some amounts of thermal coal being produced as a byproduct of mining. In addition to the one reportable segment, our All Other category includes general corporate overhead and corporate assets and liabilities, our former CAPP - Thermal operations consisting of one active mine and one preparation plant in West Virginia, and the elimination of certain intercompany activity, as well as expenses associated with certain idled/closed mines. Refer to Note 16 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional disclosures on reportable segments, geographic areas, and export coal revenue information.

The disposition of our former NAPP operations during the fourth quarter of 2020 accelerated our strategic exit from thermal coal production to shift our focus toward met coal production. The former NAPP operations results of operations and financial position are reported as discontinued operations in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Refer to Note 2 for further information on discontinued operations.


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Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations
Sales Agreements. We manage our commodity price risk for coal sales through the use of coal supply agreements. As of April 20, 2022, we had sales commitments for 2022 as follows:
Tons % Priced Average Realized Price per Ton
Met - Domestic $189.22 
Met - Export $297.01 
Met Total 14.5 million 53  % $243.88 
Thermal 1.0 million 96  % $53.26 
Met Segment 15.5 million 56  % $222.63 
All Other 0.7 million 100  % $57.70 

Realized Pricing. Our realized price per ton of coal is influenced by many factors that vary by region, including (i) coal quality, which includes energy (heat content), sulfur, ash, volatile matter and moisture content; (ii) differences in market conventions concerning transportation costs and volume measurement; and (iii) regional supply and demand.
Costs. Our results of operations are dependent upon our ability to maximize productivity and control costs. Our primary expenses are for operating supply costs, repair and maintenance expenditures, cost of purchased coal, royalties, wages and benefits, freight and handling costs and taxes incurred in selling our coal. Principal goods and services we use in our operations include maintenance and repair parts and services, electricity, fuel, roof control and support items, explosives, tires, conveyance structures, ventilation supplies and lubricants. Our management strives to aggressively control costs and improve operating performance to mitigate external cost pressures. We experience volatility in operating costs related to fuel, explosives, steel, tires, contract services and healthcare, among others, and take measures to mitigate the increases in these costs at all operations. We have a centralized sourcing group for major supplier contract negotiation and administration, for the negotiation and purchase of major capital goods, and to support the business units. We promote competition between suppliers and seek to develop relationships with suppliers that focus on lowering our costs. We seek suppliers who identify and concentrate on implementing continuous improvement opportunities within their area of expertise. To the extent upward pressure on costs exceeds our ability to realize sales increases, or if we experience unanticipated operating or transportation difficulties, our operating margins would be negatively impacted. We may also experience difficult geologic conditions, delays in obtaining permits, labor shortages, unforeseen equipment problems, and unexpected shortages of critical materials such as tires, fuel and explosives that may result in adverse cost increases and limit our ability to produce at forecasted levels.

Results of Operations

Our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are discussed in these “Results of Operations” presented below.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

Revenues

The following table summarizes information about our revenues during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31, Increase (Decrease)
(In thousands, except for per ton data) 2022 2021 $ or Tons %
Coal revenues $ 1,069,738  $ 385,452  $ 684,286  177.5  %
Other revenues 2,226  801  1,425  177.9  %
Total revenues $ 1,071,964  $ 386,253  $ 685,711  177.5  %
Tons sold 4,048  4,066  (18) (0.4) %

Coal revenues. Coal revenues increased $684.3 million, or 177.5%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period. The increase was primarily due to higher coal sales realization within our Met segment operations as a
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result of an improved pricing environment during the current period. Increasing coal demand, resulting from improved economic activity, coupled with a limited supply response contributed to a rise in coal prices. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Coal revenues” section below for further detail on coal revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period.

Cost and Expenses

The following table summarizes information about our costs and expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31, Increase (Decrease)
(In thousands) 2022 2021 $ %
Cost of coal sales (exclusive of items shown separately below) $ 555,317  $ 347,428  $ 207,889  59.8  %
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 28,035  28,438  (403) (1.4) %
Accretion on asset retirement obligations 5,954  6,648  (694) (10.4) %
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 5,748  3,869  1,879  48.6  %
Asset impairment and restructuring —  (561) 561  100.0  %
Selling, general and administrative expenses (exclusive of depreciation, depletion and amortization shown separately above) 15,086  14,982  104  0.7  %
Total other operating loss (income):
Mark-to-market adjustment for acquisition-related obligations 9,361  3,176  6,185  194.7  %
Other income (628) (1,225) 597  48.7  %
Total costs and expenses $ 618,873  $ 402,755  $ 216,118  53.7  %

Cost of coal sales. Cost of coal sales increased $207.9 million, or 59.8%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period. The increase was primarily driven by increased rail freight costs, royalties and taxes, supplies and maintenance expense, and salaries and wages expense, partially offset by inventory change during the current period.
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net. Amortization of acquired intangibles, net increased $1.9 million, or 48.6%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period. The increase was primarily driven by accelerated current period amortization of certain acquired mine permits as a result of an update to the estimated life of the associated mines.

Mark-to-market adjustment for acquisition-related obligations. The mark-to-market adjustment for acquisition-related obligations resulted in a decrease to income of $6.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period. This decrease was related to the $9.4 million Contingent Revenue Obligation mark-to-market adjustment recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2022 due to changes in underlying fair value assumptions during the current period. Refer to Note 11 for Contingent Revenue Obligation fair value input assumptions.
Other (Expense) Income
The following table summarizes information about our other (expense) income during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31, Increase (Decrease)
(In thousands) 2022 2021 $ %
Other (expense) income:  
Interest expense $ (13,083) $ (17,990) $ 4,907  27.3  %
Interest income 184  164  20  12.2  %
Equity loss in affiliates (1,361) (134) (1,227) (915.7) %
Miscellaneous income, net 1,797  1,766  31  1.8  %
Total other expense, net $ (12,463) $ (16,194) $ 3,731  23.0  %

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Interest expense. Interest expense decreased $4.9 million, or 27.3%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period, primarily due to a decrease in debt outstanding. Refer to Note 8 for additional information.

Income Tax (Expense) Benefit

The following table summarizes information about our income tax (expense) benefit during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31, Increase (Decrease)
(In thousands) 2022 2021 $ %
Income tax (expense) benefit $ (39,624) $ $ (39,629) (792,580.0) %

Income taxes. Income tax expense of $39.6 million was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2022 on income from continuing operations before income taxes of $440.6 million. The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the decrease in the valuation allowance and the permanent impact of percentage depletion and foreign-derived intangible income deductions.

Income tax benefit of $5 thousand was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2021 on a loss from continuing operations before income taxes of $32.7 million. The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the increase in the valuation allowance. Refer to Note 12 for additional information.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The discussion below contains “non-GAAP financial measures.” These are financial measures which either exclude or include amounts that are not excluded or included in the most directly comparable measures calculated and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“U.S. GAAP” or “GAAP”). Specifically, we make use of the non-GAAP financial measures “Adjusted EBITDA,” “non-GAAP coal revenues,” “non-GAAP cost of coal sales,” “non-GAAP coal margin,” and “Adjusted cost of produced coal sold.” We use Adjusted EBITDA to measure the operating performance of our segments and allocate resources to the segments. Adjusted EBITDA does not purport to be an alternative to net income (loss) as a measure of operating performance or any other measure of operating results or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP. We use non-GAAP coal revenues to present coal revenues generated, excluding freight and handling fulfillment revenues. Non-GAAP coal sales realization per ton for our operations is calculated as non-GAAP coal revenues divided by tons sold. We use non-GAAP cost of coal sales to adjust cost of coal sales to remove freight and handling costs, depreciation, depletion and amortization - production (excluding the depreciation, depletion and amortization related to selling, general and administrative functions), accretion on asset retirement obligations, amortization of acquired intangibles, net, and idled and closed mine costs. Non-GAAP cost of coal sales per ton for our operations is calculated as non-GAAP cost of coal sales divided by tons sold. Non-GAAP coal margin per ton for our coal operations is calculated as non-GAAP coal sales realization per ton for our coal operations less non-GAAP cost of coal sales per ton for our coal operations. We also use Adjusted cost of produced coal sold to distinguish the cost of captive produced coal from the effects of purchased coal. The presentation of these measures should not be considered in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP.

Management uses non-GAAP financial measures to supplement GAAP results to provide a more complete understanding of the factors and trends affecting the business than GAAP results alone. The definition of these non-GAAP measures may be changed periodically by management to adjust for significant items important to an understanding of operating trends and to adjust for items that may not reflect the trend of future results by excluding transactions that are not indicative of our core operating performance. Furthermore, analogous measures are used by industry analysts to evaluate the Company’s operating performance. Because not all companies use identical calculations, the presentations of these measures may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies and can differ significantly from company to company depending on long-term strategic decisions regarding capital structure, the tax jurisdictions in which companies operate, and capital investments.

Included below are reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to GAAP financial measures.

The following tables summarize certain financial information relating to our coal operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
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Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
(In thousands, except for per ton data) Met All Other Consolidated
Coal revenues $ 1,054,340  $ 15,398  $ 1,069,738 
Less: Freight and handling fulfillment revenues (144,025) (18) (144,043)
Non-GAAP Coal revenues $ 910,315  $ 15,380  $ 925,695 
Tons sold 3,780  268  4,048 
Non-GAAP Coal sales realization per ton $ 240.82  $ 57.39  $ 228.68 
Cost of coal sales (exclusive of items shown separately below) $ 539,282  $ 16,035  $ 555,317 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production (1)
27,060  797  27,857 
Accretion on asset retirement obligations 3,398  2,556  5,954 
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 4,796  952  5,748 
Total Cost of coal sales $ 574,536  $ 20,340  $ 594,876 
Less: Freight and handling costs (144,025) (18) (144,043)
Less: Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production (1)
(27,060) (797) (27,857)
Less: Accretion on asset retirement obligations (3,398) (2,556) (5,954)
Less: Amortization of acquired intangibles, net (4,796) (952) (5,748)
Less: Idled and closed mine costs (3,604) (2,646) (6,250)
Non-GAAP Cost of coal sales $ 391,653  $ 13,371  $ 405,024 
Tons sold 3,780  268  4,048 
Non-GAAP Cost of coal sales per ton $ 103.61  $ 49.89  $ 100.06 
(1) Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production excludes the depreciation, depletion and amortization related to selling, general and administrative functions.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
(In thousands, except for per ton data) Met All Other Consolidated
Coal revenues $ 1,054,340  $ 15,398  $ 1,069,738 
Less: Total Cost of coal sales (per table above) (574,536) (20,340) (594,876)
GAAP Coal margin $ 479,804  $ (4,942) $ 474,862 
Tons sold 3,780  268  4,048 
GAAP Coal margin per ton $ 126.93  $ (18.44) $ 117.31 
GAAP Coal margin $ 479,804  $ (4,942) $ 474,862 
Add: Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production (1)
27,060  797  27,857 
Add: Accretion on asset retirement obligations 3,398  2,556  5,954 
Add: Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 4,796  952  5,748 
Add: Idled and closed mine costs 3,604  2,646  6,250 
Non-GAAP Coal margin $ 518,662  $ 2,009  $ 520,671 
Tons sold 3,780  268  4,048 
Non-GAAP Coal margin per ton $ 137.21  $ 7.50  $ 128.62 
(1) Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production excludes the depreciation, depletion and amortization related to selling, general and administrative functions.

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Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(In thousands, except for per ton data) Met All Other Consolidated
Coal revenues $ 359,893  $ 25,559  $ 385,452 
Less: Freight and handling fulfillment revenues (60,011) (369) (60,380)
Non-GAAP Coal revenues $ 299,882  $ 25,190  $ 325,072 
Tons sold 3,657  409  4,066 
Non-GAAP Coal sales realization per ton $ 82.00  $ 61.59  $ 79.95 
Cost of coal sales (exclusive of items shown separately below) $ 325,895  $ 21,533  $ 347,428 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production (1)
26,536  1,723  28,259 
Accretion on asset retirement obligations 3,385  3,263  6,648 
Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 4,051  (182) 3,869 
Total Cost of coal sales $ 359,867  $ 26,337  $ 386,204 
Less: Freight and handling costs (60,011) (369) (60,380)
Less: Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production (1)
(26,536) (1,723) (28,259)
Less: Accretion on asset retirement obligations (3,385) (3,263) (6,648)
Less: Amortization of acquired intangibles, net (4,051) 182  (3,869)
Less: Idled and closed mine costs (3,603) (3,556) (7,159)
Non-GAAP Cost of coal sales $ 262,281  $ 17,608  $ 279,889 
Tons sold 3,657  409  4,066 
Non-GAAP Cost of coal sales per ton $ 71.72  $ 43.05  $ 68.84 
(1) Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production excludes the depreciation, depletion and amortization related to selling, general and administrative functions.


Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(In thousands, except for per ton data) Met All Other Consolidated
Coal revenues $ 359,893  $ 25,559  $ 385,452 
Less: Total Cost of coal sales (per table above) (359,867) (26,337) (386,204)
GAAP Coal margin $ 26  $ (778) $ (752)
Tons sold 3,657  409  4,066 
GAAP Coal margin per ton $ 0.01  $ (1.90) $ (0.18)
GAAP Coal margin $ 26  $ (778) $ (752)
Add: Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production (1)
26,536  1,723  28,259 
Add: Accretion on asset retirement obligations 3,385  3,263  6,648 
Add: Amortization of acquired intangibles, net 4,051  (182) 3,869 
Add: Idled and closed mine costs 3,603  3,556  7,159 
Non-GAAP Coal margin $ 37,601  $ 7,582  $ 45,183 
Tons sold 3,657  409  4,066 
Non-GAAP Coal margin per ton $ 10.28  $ 18.54  $ 11.11 
(1) Depreciation, depletion and amortization - production excludes the depreciation, depletion and amortization related to selling, general and administrative functions.

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Three Months Ended March 31, Increase (Decrease)
(In thousands, except for per ton data) 2022 2021 $ or Tons %
Met segment operations:
Tons sold 3,780  3,657  123  3.4