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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 

 

FORM 8-K

 

CURRENT REPORT 

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): January 17, 2024

 

Plug Power Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 

 

Delaware   1-34392   22-3672377
(State or other jurisdiction   (Commission File   (IRS Employer
of incorporation)   Number)   Identification No.)
         

968 Albany Shaker Road,
Latham, New York
 
12110
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (518) 782-7700

 

N/A

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below): 

 

¨Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
¨Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Securities registered pursuant to 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which
registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share   PLUG   The Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

 

On January 17, 2024, Plug Power Inc. (the “Company”) entered into an At Market Issuance Sales Agreement (the “Sales Agreement”) with B. Riley Securities, Inc. (“B. Riley”), pursuant to which the Company may, from time to time, offer and sell shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Common Stock”), having an aggregate offering price of up to $1.0 billion (the “Shares”).

 

Sales of the Shares under the Sales Agreement, if any, will be made by any method that is deemed an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The Shares will be offered through or to B. Riley, acting as agent in connection with agency transactions or as principal in connection with any principal transactions. The Company will have the right, but not the obligation, from time to time at its sole discretion over the 18-month period beginning on the date hereof to direct B. Riley on any trading day to act on a principal basis and purchase up to $10,000,000 of shares of its common stock as set forth in the Sales Agreement; provided, however only one principal sale may be requested per day, and in no event on consecutive calendar days, unless otherwise agreed to by B. Riley. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the aggregate amount of shares of common stock that the Company will direct B. Riley to sell as principal in principal transactions (inclusive of any shares sold by B. Riley in agency transactions) in any calendar week shall not exceed $30,000,000.

 

B. Riley will be entitled to receive from the Company a commission in an amount (i) up to 3.0% of the gross sales price per Share sold through it as agent in agency transactions and (ii) equal to 5.0% of the purchase price per Share sold to B. Riley, as principal in principal transactions. The Company has agreed to provide B. Riley with customary indemnification and contribution rights. The Company will also reimburse B. Riley for certain specified expenses as set forth in the Sales Agreement.

 

The Shares will be issued pursuant to the Company’s automatic shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333- 265488), which became effective upon filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 8, 2023, and a prospectus supplement dated January 17, 2024 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act.

 

The Sales Agreement may be terminated by either B. Riley or the Company, as permitted therein. The Sales Agreement will automatically terminate upon the earliest of (a) the 18-month anniversary of the date of the Sales Agreement with respect to principal transactions and the 24-month anniversary of the date of the Sales Agreement with respect to agency transactions, (b) the sale of all of the Shares subject to the Sales Agreement or (c) the termination of the Sales Agreement as permitted therein.

 

The foregoing description of the Sales Agreement does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Sales Agreement, which is filed herewith as Exhibit 1.1 to this Current Report. A copy of the opinion of Goodwin Procter LLP with respect to the validity of the Shares that may be offered and sold pursuant to the Sales Agreement is filed herewith as Exhibit 5.1.

 

This Current Report shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities of the Company, nor shall there be any sale of such securities in any jurisdiction in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such jurisdiction.

 

 

 

 

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(d) Exhibits.

 

Exhibit
Number
  Title
1.1   At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, dated January 17, 2024, by and between Plug Power Inc. and B. Riley Securities, Inc.
5.1   Opinion of Goodwin Procter LLP
23.1   Consent of Goodwin Procter LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1)
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded with the Inline XBRL document).

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

    Plug Power Inc.
   
Date: January 17, 2024 By: /s/ Paul Middleton
    Name: Paul Middleton
    Title: Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

Exhibit 1.1

 

PLUG POWER INC.

 

Common Stock

(par value $0.01 per share)

 

At Market Issuance Sales Agreement

 

January 17, 2024

 

B. Riley Securities, Inc.

299 Park Avenue, 21st Floor

New York, NY 10171

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

Plug Power Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), confirms its agreement (this “Agreement”) with B. Riley Securities, Inc. (“B. Riley”) as follows:

 

1.             Issuance and Sale of Shares. The Company agrees that, from time to time during

 

the term of this Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, it may issue and sell through or to B. Riley, as sales agent or principal shares of common stock of the Company, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”) (in its capacity as sales agent, the “Agency Placement Shares” and in its capacity as principal agent, the “Principal Placement Shares” and together with the Agency Placement Shares, the “Placement Shares”); provided, however, that in no event shall the Company issue or sell through or to B. Riley Placement Shares that would result in the aggregate gross sales price of all Common Stock sold pursuant to this Agreement, including pursuant to any Commitment Advance Notice (defined below), exceeding the Maximum Amount (defined below); provided further, however, that in no event shall the aggregate number of Placement Shares sold pursuant to this Agreement exceed the number of authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock at any time. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the parties hereto agree that compliance with the limitations set forth in this Section 1 on the number or dollar amount of Placement Shares issued and sold under this Agreement shall be the sole responsibility of the Company and that B. Riley shall have no obligation in connection with such compliance. The issuance and sale of Placement Shares through or to B. Riley will be effected pursuant to the Registration Statement (as defined below), although nothing in this Agreement shall be construed as requiring the Company to use the Registration Statement to issue any Placement Shares. The aggregate gross sales price of the Common Stock that may be sold pursuant to this Agreement collectively shall not exceed $1 billion (the “Maximum Amount”).

 

The Company has filed, in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (the “Securities Act”), with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”), an “automatic shelf registration statement” as defined under Rule 405, including a base prospectus, relating to certain securities, including the Placement Shares to be issued from time to time by the Company, and which incorporates by reference documents that the Company has filed or will file in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (the “Exchange Act”). The Company has prepared a prospectus supplement to the base prospectus included as part of such registration statement specifically relating to the Placement Shares (the “Prospectus Supplement”). The Company will furnish to B. Riley, for use by B. Riley, copies of the base prospectus included as part of such registration statement, as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, relating to the Placement Shares. Except where the context otherwise requires, such registration statement, and any post-effective amendment thereto, including all documents filed as part thereof or incorporated by reference therein, and including any information contained in a Prospectus (as defined below) subsequently filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act or deemed to be a part of such registration statement pursuant to Rule 430B of the Securities Act, or any subsequent registration statement on Form S-3 filed pursuant to Rule 415(a)(6) under the Securities Act by the Company to cover any Placement Shares, is herein called the “Registration Statement.” The base prospectus, including all documents incorporated or deemed incorporated therein by reference to the extent such information has not been superseded or modified in accordance with Rule 412 under the Securities Act (as qualified by Rule 430B(g) of the Securities Act), included in the Registration Statement, as it may be supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, in the form in which such base prospectus and/or Prospectus Supplement have most recently been filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, is herein called the “Prospectus.” Any reference herein to the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or any amendment or supplement thereto shall be deemed to refer to and include the documents incorporated by reference therein, and any reference herein to the terms “amend,” “amendment” or “supplement” with respect to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the filing after the execution hereof of any document with the Commission incorporated by reference therein (the “Incorporated Documents”).

 

 

 

 

For purposes of this Agreement, all references to the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or to any amendment or supplement thereto shall be deemed to include the most recent copy filed with the Commission pursuant to its Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval System, or if applicable, the Interactive Data Electronic Application system when used by the Commission (collectively, “EDGAR”).

 

2.             Agency and Principal Transactions.

 

a.     Agency Transactions. Each time that the Company wishes to issue and sell Agency Placement Shares hereunder through B. Riley, acting as agent (each such transaction, an “Agency Transaction”), it will notify B. Riley by electronic mail (or other method mutually agreed to in writing by the parties) of the number of Agency Placement Shares to be sold, the time period during which sales are requested to be made, any limitation on the number of Agency Placement Shares that may be sold in any one day and any minimum price below which sales may not be made (an “Agency Placement Notice”), the form of which is attached hereto as Schedule 1. The Agency Placement Notice shall originate from any of the individuals from the Company set forth on Schedule 3 (with a copy to each of the other individuals from the Company listed on such schedule), and shall be addressed to each of the individuals from B. Riley set forth on Schedule 3, as such Schedule 3 may be amended from time to time. The Agency Placement Notice shall be effective immediately upon receipt by B. Riley unless and until (i) B. Riley declines to accept the terms contained therein for any reason, in its sole discretion, (ii) the entire amount of the Agency Placement Shares thereunder has been sold, (iii) the Company suspends or terminates the Agency Placement Notice, which suspension and termination rights may be exercised by the Company in its sole discretion, or (iv) this Agreement has been terminated under the provisions of Section 13. The amount of any discount, commission or other compensation to be paid by the Company to B. Riley in connection with the sale of the Agency Placement Shares shall be calculated in accordance with the terms set forth in Schedule 2. It is expressly acknowledged and agreed that neither the Company nor B. Riley will have any obligation whatsoever with respect to any Agency Placement Shares unless and until the Company delivers an Agency Placement Notice to B. Riley and B. Riley does not decline such Agency Placement Notice pursuant to the terms set forth above, and then only upon the terms specified therein and herein. In the event of a conflict between the terms of Sections 2 or 3 of this Agreement and the terms of an Agency Placement Notice, the terms of the Agency Placement Notice will control.

 

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b.     Principal Transactions. Each time that the Company wishes to issue and sell Principal Placement Shares hereunder directly to B. Riley, acting as principal (each such transaction, a “Principal Transaction”), the Company will issue a commitment notice (a “Commitment Advance Notice”) to B. Riley in substantially the form set forth in Schedule 2(b) hereto (with such changes thereto as may be agreed upon by the Company and B. Riley), setting forth the terms of such Principal Transaction in accordance with Section 3(b) hereof. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein and in the applicable Commitment Advance Notice, upon the delivery to B. Riley of a valid Commitment Advance Notice in accordance with Section 3(b) hereof, the Company agrees to issue and sell to B. Riley, and B. Riley agrees to purchase, a number of Principal Placement Shares equal to such dollar amount requested not to exceed the Maximum Commitment Advance Purchase Amount (as defined in Schedule 2(b) hereto) set forth in such Commitment Advance Notice divided by Commitment Advance Purchase Price (as defined in Schedule 2(b) hereto). In the event of a conflict between the terms of this Agreement and the terms of a Commitment Advance Notice, the terms of such Commitment Advance Notice shall control.

 

3.             Sale of Placement Shares by B. Riley.

 

a.     Sales of Agency Placement Shares.

 

(i)Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, for the period specified in an Agency Placement Notice with respect to an Agency Transaction, B. Riley will use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices and applicable state and federal laws, rules and regulations and the rules of the NASDAQ Capital Market (the “Exchange”), to sell the Agency Placement Shares up to the amount specified in, and otherwise in accordance with the terms of, such Agency Placement Notice. B. Riley will provide written confirmation to the Company no later than the opening of the Trading Day (as defined below) immediately following the Trading Day on which it has made sales of Agency Placement Shares hereunder setting forth the number of Agency Placement Shares sold on such day, the compensation payable by the Company to B. Riley pursuant to Section 2 with respect to such sales, and the Net Proceeds (as defined below) payable to the Company, with an itemization of the deductions made by B. Riley (as set forth in Section 5(b)) from the gross proceeds that it receives from such sales. Subject to the terms of an Agency Placement Notice, B. Riley may sell Agency Placement Shares by any method permitted by law deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act. “Trading Day” means any day on which shares of Common Stock are purchased and sold on the Exchange.

 

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(ii)On the basis of the representations and warranties herein contained and subject to the terms and conditions herein set forth, unless B. Riley declines to accept the terms of an Agency Placement Notice, and unless the sale of the Agency Placement Shares described therein has been declined, suspended, or otherwise terminated in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, B. Riley, for the period specified in the Agency Placement Notice, will use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices and applicable state and federal laws, rules and regulations and the rules of the Exchange to sell such Agency Placement Shares up to the amount specified in, and otherwise in accordance with the terms of, such Agency Placement Notice. The Company acknowledges and agrees that (i) there can be no assurance that B. Riley will be successful in selling Agency Placement Shares, and (ii) B. Riley will incur no liability or obligation to the Company or any other person or entity if it does not sell Agency Placement Shares for any reason other than a failure by B. Riley to use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices and applicable state and federal laws, rules and regulations and the rules of the Exchange to sell such Agency Placement Shares as required under this Agreement.

 

b.     Sales of Principal Placement Shares.

 

(i)The terms set forth in a valid Commitment Advance Notice shall be binding upon delivery to B. Riley of a Commitment Advance Notice in accordance with this Section 3(b). In the event of a conflict between the terms of this Agreement and the terms of a Commitment Advance Notice, the terms of such Commitment Advance Notice shall control.

 

(ii)Each sale of Principal Placement Shares to B. Riley in a Principal Transaction shall be made in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the applicable Commitment Advance Notice, which shall provide for the sale of such Principal Placement Shares to, and the purchase thereof by, B. Riley. The commitment of B. Riley to purchase the Principal Placement Shares pursuant to any Commitment Advance Notice shall be deemed to have been made on the basis of the representations, warranties and agreements of the Company contained, and shall be subject to the terms and conditions set forth, in this Agreement and such Commitment Advance Notice. Any such Commitment Advance Notice shall specify the dollar amount of the Principal Placement Shares to be purchased by B. Riley pursuant thereto, the timing and method of such sale, the Commitment Advance Purchase Price, and the time, date (each such time and date being referred to herein as a “Principal Settlement Date”) and place of delivery of and payment for such Principal Placement Shares, in each case as contemplated by Schedule 2(b) hereto.

 

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c.     Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, during any period in which the Company is in possession of material non-public information: (i) the Company shall not offer, sell or deliver, or request the offer or sale, of any Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement (whether in an Agency Transaction or a Principal Transaction); (ii) by notice to B. Riley given by telephone (confirmed promptly by email to one of the individuals of B. Riley set forth on Schedule 3), the Company shall cancel any instructions for the offer or sale of any Placement Shares, and (iii) B. Riley shall not be obligated to offer or sell any Placement Shares.

 

4.             Suspension of Sales.

 

a.     The Company or B. Riley may, upon notice to the other party in writing (including by email correspondence to each of the individuals of the other party set forth on Schedule 3, if receipt of such correspondence is actually acknowledged by any of the individuals to whom the notice is sent, other than via auto-reply) or by telephone (confirmed immediately by email correspondence to each of the individuals of the other party set forth on Schedule 3), suspend any sale of Agency Placement Shares (a “Suspension”) pursuant to an Agency Transaction; provided, however, that such Suspension shall not affect or impair any party’s obligations with respect to any Agency Placement Shares sold hereunder prior to the receipt of such notice or their respective obligations under any Commitment Advance Notice with respect to the sales of Principal Placement Shares. While a Suspension is in effect, any obligation under Sections 7(l), 7(m), and 7(n) of this Agreement with respect to the delivery of certificates, opinions, or comfort letters to B. Riley, shall be waived; however, such deliverables shall not be waived in the event that a Commitment Advance Notice in connection with sales of Principal Placement Shares is issued and outstanding at that time. Each of the parties agrees that no such notice under this Section 4 shall be effective against any other party unless it is made to one of the individuals named on Schedule 3 hereto, as such Schedule may be amended from time to time.

 

b.     Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, during any period in which the Registration Statement is no longer effective under the Securities Act, the Company shall not request the sale of any Placement Shares, and B. Riley shall not be obligated to sell or offer to sell any Placement Shares.

 

5.             Settlement.

 

a.             Settlement of Agency Placement Shares. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable Agency Placement Notice, settlement for sales of Agency Placement Shares will occur on the second (2nd) Trading Day (or such earlier day as is industry practice for regular-way trading) following the date on which such sales are made (each, an “Agency Settlement Date”; and any Agency Settlement Date and Principal Settlement Date shall be referred to as a “Settlement Date”). B. Riley shall notify the Company of each sale of Agency Placement Shares no later than the opening of the Trading Day immediately following the Trading Day that B. Riley sold Agency Placement Shares. The amount of proceeds to be delivered to the Company on an Agency Settlement Date against receipt of the Agency Placement Shares sold (the “Net Proceeds”) will be equal to the aggregate sales price received by B. Riley for such Agency Placement Shares, after deduction for (i) B. Riley’s commission, discount or other compensation for such sales payable by the Company pursuant to Section 2(a) hereof, and (ii) any transaction fees imposed by any governmental or self-regulatory organization in respect of such sales.

 

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b.             Delivery of Agency Placement Shares. On or before each Agency Settlement Date, the Company will, or will cause its transfer agent to, electronically transfer the Agency Placement Shares being sold by crediting B. Riley’s or its designee’s account (provided B. Riley shall have given the Company written notice of such designee and such designee’s account information at least one Trading Day prior to the Agency Settlement Date) at The Depository Trust Company through its Deposit and Withdrawal at Custodian System or by such other means of delivery as may be mutually agreed upon by the parties hereto which in all cases shall be freely tradable, transferable, registered shares in good deliverable form. On each Agency Settlement Date, B. Riley will deliver the related Net Proceeds in same day funds to an account designated by the Company on, or prior to, the Agency Settlement Date. The Company agrees that if the Company, or its transfer agent (if applicable), defaults in its obligation to deliver Agency Placement Shares on an Agency Settlement Date through no fault of B. Riley, then in addition to and in no way limiting the rights and obligations set forth in Section 11(a) hereto, it will (i) hold B. Riley harmless against any loss, claim, damage, or reasonable, documented expense (including actual, reasonable and documented legal fees and expenses), as incurred, arising out of or in connection with such default by the Company or its transfer agent (if applicable) and (ii) pay to B. Riley (without duplication) any commission, discount, or other compensation to which it would otherwise have been entitled absent such default.

 

c.             Settlement of Principal Placement Shares. Settlement of the Principal Placement Shares shall be subject to the terms set forth in the Commitment Advance Notice.

 

d.             Limitations on Offering Size. Under no circumstances shall the Company cause or request the offer or sale of any Placement Shares if, after giving effect to the sale of such Placement Shares, the aggregate gross sale proceeds of such Placement Shares sold pursuant to this Agreement would exceed the lesser of (A) together with all sales of Placement Shares under this Agreement, the Maximum Amount and (B) the amount authorized from time to time to be issued and sold under this Agreement by the Company’s board of directors, a duly authorized committee thereof or a duly authorized executive committee, and notified to B. Riley in writing. Under no circumstances shall the Company cause or request the offer or sale of any Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement at a price lower than the minimum price authorized from time to time by the Company’s board of directors, a duly authorized committee thereof or a duly authorized executive committee, and notified to B. Riley in writing.

 

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6.             Representations and Warranties of the Company. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement or Prospectus or except as disclosed to writing to B. Riley with respect to such information that does not require public disclosure, the Company represents and warrants to, and agrees with B. Riley that as of (i) the date of this Agreement and (ii) as of each Applicable Time (as defined below), unless such representation, warranty or agreement specifies a different date or time:

 

a.             Registration Statement and Prospectus. The transactions contemplated by this Agreement meet the requirements for and comply with the conditions for the use of Form S-3 under the Securities Act. The Registration Statement has been filed with the Commission and became effective upon filing under the Securities Act. The Prospectus will name B. Riley as the agent in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.” The Company has not received, and has no notice of, any order of the Commission preventing or suspending the use of the Registration Statement, or threatening or instituting proceedings for that purpose, and no notice of objection of the Commission to the use of such Registration Statement or any post-effective amendment thereto pursuant to Rule 401(g)(2) has been received by the Company. The Registration Statement and the offer and sale of Placement Shares as contemplated hereby meet the requirements of Rule 415 under the Securities Act and comply in all material respects with said Rule. Any statutes, regulations, contracts or other documents that are required to be described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or to be filed as exhibits to the Registration Statement have been so described or filed, as applicable. Copies of the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, and any such amendments or supplements and all documents incorporated by reference therein that were filed with the Commission on or prior to the date of this Agreement have been made available to B. Riley and its counsel; it being understood and agreed that such documents shall be deemed to have been made available by the Company if such documents are available on the Commission’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval (“EDGAR”) system. The Company has not distributed and, prior to the later to occur of each Settlement Date and completion of the distribution of the Placement Shares, will not distribute any offering material in connection with the offering or sale of the Placement Shares other than the Registration Statement and the Prospectus and any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus (as defined below) to which B. Riley has consented, which consent will not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, or that is required by applicable law or the listing maintenance requirements of the Exchange. The Common Stock is currently quoted on the Exchange under the trading symbol “PLUG.” The Company has not, in the 12 months preceding the date hereof, received notice from the Exchange to the effect that the Company is not in compliance with the listing or maintenance requirements of the Exchange. To the Company’s knowledge, it is in compliance with all applicable listing and maintenance requirements of the Exchange.

 

b.             No Misstatement or Omission. At each Settlement Date, the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, as of such date, will conform in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act. The Registration Statement, when it became or becomes effective, did not, and will not, contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading. The Prospectus and any amendment and supplement thereto, on the date thereof and at each Applicable Time (defined below), did not or will not include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. The Incorporated Documents did not, and any further Incorporated Documents filed and incorporated by reference therein will not, when filed with the Commission, contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated in such document or necessary to make the statements in such document, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. The foregoing shall not apply to statements in, or omissions from, any such document made in reliance upon, and in conformity with, information furnished to the Company by B. Riley specifically for use in the preparation thereof.

 

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c.             Conformity with Securities Act and Exchange Act. The Registration Statement, the Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any amendment or supplement thereto, and the Incorporated Documents, when such documents were or are filed with the Commission under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act or became or become effective under the Securities Act, as the case may be, conformed or will conform in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, as applicable.

 

d.             Financial Information. The consolidated financial statements of the Company included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and the Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses, if any, together with the related notes and schedules, present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company and the Subsidiaries (as defined below) as of the dates indicated and the consolidated results of operations, cash flows and changes in stockholders’ equity of the Company and the Subsidiaries for the periods specified (subject, in the case of unaudited statements, to normal year-end audit adjustments) and have been prepared in compliance in all material respects with the published requirements of the Securities Act and Exchange Act, as applicable, and in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) applied on a consistent basis (except (i) for such adjustments to accounting standards and practices as are noted therein and (ii) in the case of unaudited interim financial statements, to the extent they may exclude footnotes or may be condensed or summary statements) during the periods involved; the other financial and statistical data with respect to the Company and the Subsidiaries contained or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and the Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses, if any, are, in all material respects, accurately and fairly presented and prepared on a basis consistent with the financial statements and books and records of the Company; there are no financial statements (historical or pro forma) that are required to be included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or the Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses, if any, that are not included or incorporated by reference as required; and since the date of the most recent financial statements of the Company included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and the Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, if any, the Company and the Subsidiaries, considered as one entity, do not have any material liabilities or obligations, direct or contingent (including any off-balance sheet obligations), not described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus which are required to be described in the Registration Statement or Prospectus.

 

e.             Conformity with EDGAR Filing. The Prospectus delivered to B. Riley for use in connection with the sale of the Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice will be identical to the versions of the Prospectus created to be transmitted to the Commission for filing via EDGAR, except to the extent permitted by Regulation S-T.

 

f.              Organization. The Company and any subsidiary that is a significant subsidiary (as such term is defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X promulgated by the Commission) (each, a “Subsidiary,” collectively, the “Subsidiaries”), have been duly incorporated, formed or organized, as applicable, are validly existing and in good standing under the laws of their respective jurisdictions of incorporation, formation or organization, as applicable. The Company and the Subsidiaries are duly licensed or qualified for transaction of business and in good standing under the laws of each other jurisdiction in which their respective ownership or lease of property or the conduct of their respective businesses requires such license or qualification, and have all corporate power and authority necessary to own or hold their respective properties and to conduct their respective businesses as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, except where the failure to be so qualified or in good standing or have such power or authority would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on the assets, business, operations, earnings, properties, condition (financial or otherwise), prospects, stockholders’ equity or results of operations of the Company and the Subsidiaries taken as a whole, or prevent the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby (a “Material Adverse Effect”).

 

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g.             Subsidiaries. The Company owns directly or indirectly, all of the equity interests of the Subsidiaries free and clear of any lien, charge, security interest, encumbrance, right of first refusal or other restriction, and all the equity interests of the Subsidiaries are validly issued and are fully paid, nonassessable and free of preemptive and similar rights. The Company does not own or control, directly or indirectly, any corporation, association or other entity other than the subsidiaries listed in Exhibit 21.1 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the most recently ended fiscal year and other than (i) those subsidiaries not required to be listed on Exhibit 21.1 by Item 601 of Regulation S-K under the Exchange Act and (ii) those subsidiaries formed since the last day of the most recently ended fiscal year.

 

h.             No Violation or Default. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is (i) in violation of its charter or by-laws or similar organizational documents; (ii) in default, and no event has occurred that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute such a default, in the due performance or observance of any term, covenant or condition contained in any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement or other similar agreement or instrument to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or by which the Company or any Subsidiary is bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Company or any Subsidiary is subject; or (iii) in violation of any law or statute or any judgment, order, rule or regulation of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority having jurisdiction over the Company or any Subsidiary, except, in the case of each of clauses (ii) and (iii) above, for any such violation or default that would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. To the Company’s knowledge, no other party under any material contract or other agreement to which it or any Subsidiary is a party is in default in any respect thereunder where such default would have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

i.              No Material Adverse Effect. Since the date of the most recent financial statements of the Company included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and the Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses, if any, there has not been (i) any Material Adverse Effect, (ii) any transaction which is material to the Company and the Subsidiaries taken as a whole, (iii) any obligation or liability, direct or contingent (including any off-balance sheet obligations), incurred by the Company or the Subsidiaries, which is material to the Company and the Subsidiaries taken as a whole, (iv) any material change in the Company’s capital stock (other than (A) the grant of additional options and other equity awards under the Company’s existing stock option, equity incentive plans and savings and retirement plans, (B) changes in the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock of the Company due to the issuance of shares upon the exercise or conversion of securities exercisable for, or convertible into, Common Stock outstanding on the date hereof, (C) as a result of the issuance of Placement Shares, (D) any repurchases of capital stock of the Company, (E) as described in a proxy statement filed on Schedule 14A or a Registration Statement on Form S-4, or (F) otherwise publicly announced) or outstanding long-term indebtedness of the Company or the Subsidiaries or (v) any dividend or distribution of any kind declared, paid or made on the capital stock of the Company or any Subsidiary, other than in each case above in the ordinary course of business, or as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement or Prospectus.

 

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j.              Capitalization. The issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company have been validly issued, are fully paid and non-assessable and, other than as disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, are not subject to any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or similar rights. The Company’s authorized equity capitalization is as set forth in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as of the dates referred to therein (other than (i) the grant of restricted shares of common stock, restricted stock units, options or other equity awards under the Company’s existing stock option and equity incentive plans, (ii) changes in the number of outstanding Common Stock of the Company due to the issuance of shares upon the exercise of warrants or options or conversion of securities exercisable for, or convertible into, Common Stock outstanding on the date hereof, or the vesting of restricted stock units, (iii) as a result of the issuance of Placement Shares, or (iv) any repurchases of capital stock of the Company) and such authorized capital stock conforms in all material respects to the description thereof set forth in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus. The description of the Common Stock in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus is complete and accurate in all material respects. Except as disclosed in or contemplated by the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, the Company did not have outstanding any options to purchase, or any rights or warrants to subscribe for, or any securities or obligations convertible into, or exchangeable for, or any contracts or commitments to issue or sell, any shares of capital stock or other securities.

 

k.             S-3 Eligibility. The Company meets the applicable requirements for use of Form S-3 under the Securities Act. The Registration Statement is an automatic shelf registration statement under Rule 405 and the Placement Shares have been and remain eligible for registration by the Company on such automatic shelf registration statement.

 

l.              Authorization; Enforceability. The Company has full legal right, power and authority to enter into this Agreement and perform the transactions contemplated hereby. This Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company and is a legal, valid and binding agreement of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except to the extent that (i) enforceability may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general equitable principles and (ii) the indemnification and contribution provisions of Section 11 hereof may be limited by federal or state securities laws and public policy considerations in respect thereof.

 

m.             Authorization of Placement Shares. The Placement Shares to be issued and sold by the Company hereunder or under any Commitment Advance Notice, as applicable, when issued and delivered pursuant to this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice and pursuant to the terms approved by the board of directors of the Company or a duly authorized committee thereof, or a duly authorized executive committee, against payment therefor as provided herein, will be duly and validly authorized and issued and fully paid and nonassessable, free and clear of any pledge, lien, encumbrance, security interest or other claim (other than any pledge, lien, encumbrance, security interest or other claim arising from an act or omission of B. Riley or a purchaser), including any statutory or contractual preemptive rights, resale rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights, and will be registered pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act. The Placement Shares, when issued, will conform in all material respects to the description thereof set forth in or incorporated into the Prospectus.

 

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n.             No Consents Required. No consent, approval, authorization, order, registration or qualification of or with any court or arbitrator or any governmental or regulatory authority is required for the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement, and the issuance and sale by the Company of the Placement Shares as contemplated hereby, except for such consents, approvals, authorizations, orders and registrations or qualifications (i) as may be required under applicable state securities laws or by the rules of the Exchange, including any notices that may be required by the Exchange, in connection with the sale of the Placement Shares by B. Riley, (ii) as may be required under the Securities Act and (iii) as have been previously obtained by the Company or the absence of which would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

o.             No Preferential Rights. (i) No person, as such term is defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X promulgated under the Securities Act (each, a “Person”), has the right, contractual or otherwise, to cause the Company to issue or sell to such Person any Common Stock or shares of any other capital stock or other securities of the Company (other than upon the exercise of warrants to purchase Common Stock, the vesting of restricted stock units, the conversion of convertible securities, or upon the exercise of options or other equity awards that may be granted from time to time under the Company’s stock option and equity incentive plans), (ii) no Person has any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal, or any other rights (whether pursuant to a “poison pill” provision or otherwise) to purchase any Common Stock or shares of any other capital stock or other securities of the Company from the Company, (iii) no Person, other than B. Riley, has the right to act as an underwriter or as a financial advisor to the Company in connection with the offer and sale of the Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement, and (iv) no Person has the right, contractual or otherwise, to require the Company to register under the Securities Act any Common Stock or shares of any other capital stock or other securities of the Company, or to include any such shares or other securities in the Registration Statement or the offering contemplated thereby, whether as a result of the filing or effectiveness of the Registration Statement or the sale of the Placement Shares as contemplated thereby or otherwise, except in each case for such rights as have been waived on or prior to the date hereof.

 

p.             Independent Public Accountant. Each public accounting firm whose reports on the consolidated financial statements of the Company are filed with the Commission as part of the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Commission and incorporated by reference into the Registration Statement, are and, during the periods covered by their report, were independent registered public accounting firm within the meaning of the Securities Act and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).

 

q.             No Litigation. There are no legal or governmental proceedings pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or to which any of the properties of the Company or any Subsidiary is subject other than (i) proceedings accurately described in all material respects in the Prospectus, (ii)  proceedings that would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or on the power or ability of the Company to perform its obligations under this Agreement or to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Prospectus or (iii) proceedings that are required to be described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus and are not so described; and there are no statutes, regulations, contracts or other documents that are required to be described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or to be filed as exhibits to the Registration Statement that are not described or filed as required.

 

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r.              Licenses and Permits. The Company and the Subsidiaries possess or have obtained, all licenses, certificates, consents, orders, approvals, permits and other authorizations issued by, and have made all declarations and filings with, the appropriate federal, state, local or foreign governmental or regulatory authorities that are necessary for the ownership or lease of their respective properties or the conduct of their respective businesses as currently conducted, as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus (the “Permits”), except where the failure to possess, obtain or make the same would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has received written notice of any proceeding relating to revocation or modification of any such Permit or has any reason to believe that such Permit will not be renewed in the ordinary course, except where the revocation, modification or failure to obtain the renewal of any such Permit would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

s.             No Material Defaults. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has defaulted on any installment on indebtedness for borrowed money or on any rental on one or more long-term leases, which defaults, individually or in the aggregate, would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. The Company has not filed a report pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act since the filing of its last Annual Report on Form 10-K, indicating that it (i) has failed to pay any dividend or sinking fund installment on preferred stock or (ii) has defaulted on any installment on indebtedness for borrowed money or on any rental on one or more long-term leases, which defaults, individually or in the aggregate, would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

t.              Certain Market Activities. Neither the Company, nor any Subsidiary, nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any of their respective directors or officers has taken, directly or indirectly, any action designed, or that has constituted or would reasonably be expected to cause or result in, under the Exchange Act or otherwise, the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company to facilitate the sale or resale of the Placement Shares.

 

u.             Broker/Dealer Relationships. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary (i) is required to register as a “broker” or “dealer” in accordance with the provisions of the Exchange Act or (ii) directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls or is a “person associated with a member” or “associated person of a member” (within the meaning set forth in the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) Manual).

 

v.             No Reliance. The Company has not relied upon B. Riley or legal counsel for B. Riley for any legal, tax or accounting advice in connection with the offering and sale of the Placement Shares.

 

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w.            Taxes. The Company and the Subsidiaries have filed all federal, state, local and foreign tax returns which have been required to be filed and paid all taxes shown thereon through the date hereof, to the extent that such taxes have become due and are not being contested in good faith, except where the failure to do so would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. Except as otherwise disclosed in or contemplated by the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, no tax deficiency has been determined adversely to the Company or any Subsidiary which has had, or would have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect. The Company has no knowledge of any federal, state or other governmental tax deficiency, penalty or assessment which has been asserted or threatened against it which would have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

x.              Title to Real and Personal Property. The Company and the Subsidiaries have good and valid title to all personal property described in the Registration Statement or Prospectus as being owned by them that are material to the businesses of the Company or such Subsidiary, in each case free and clear of all liens, encumbrances and claims, except those that (i) do not materially interfere with the use made of such property by the Company and the Subsidiaries or (ii) would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect. Any real property described in the Registration Statement or Prospectus as being leased by the Company and the Subsidiaries is held by them under valid, existing and enforceable leases, except those that (A) do not materially interfere with the use made or proposed to be made of such property by the Company or the Subsidiaries or (B) would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.

 

y.             Intellectual Property. The Company and the Subsidiaries own or possess adequate enforceable rights to use all patents, patent applications, trademarks (both registered and unregistered), service marks, trade names, trademark registrations, service mark registrations, copyrights, licenses and know-how (including trade secrets and other unpatented and/or unpatentable proprietary or confidential information, systems or procedures) (collectively, the “Intellectual Property”), necessary for the conduct of their respective businesses as conducted as of the date hereof, except to the extent that the failure to own or possess adequate rights to use such Intellectual Property would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect; the Company and the Subsidiaries have not received any written notice of any claim of infringement or conflict that asserted Intellectual Property rights of others, which infringement or conflict, if the subject of an unfavorable decision, would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; there are no pending, or to the Company’s knowledge, threatened judicial proceedings or interference proceedings against the Company or its Subsidiaries challenging the Company’s or any of its Subsidiary’s rights in or to the Intellectual Property or the validity of the scope of any of the Company’s or any Subsidiary’s patents, patent applications or proprietary information, except for such right or claim that would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; to the Company’s knowledge, no other entity or individual has any right or claim in any of the Company’s or any of its Subsidiary’s patents, patent applications or any patent to be issued therefrom by virtue of any contract, license or other agreement entered into between such entity or individual and the Company or any Subsidiary or by any non-contractual obligation, other than by written licenses granted by the Company or any Subsidiary, except for such right or claim that would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; the Company and the Subsidiaries have not received any written notice of any claim challenging the rights of the Company or its Subsidiaries in or to any Intellectual Property owned, licensed or optioned by the Company or any Subsidiary which claim, if the subject of an unfavorable decision, would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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z.             Environmental Laws. The Company and the Subsidiaries (i) are in compliance with any and all applicable federal, state, local and foreign laws, rules, regulations, decisions and orders relating to the protection of human health and safety, the environment or hazardous or toxic substances or wastes, pollutants or contaminants (collectively, “Environmental Laws”); (ii) have received and are in compliance with all permits, licenses or other approvals required of them under applicable Environmental Laws to conduct their respective businesses as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus; and (iii) have not received notice of any actual or potential liability for the investigation or remediation of any disposal or release of hazardous or toxic substances or wastes, pollutants or contaminants, except, in the case of any of clauses (i), (ii) or (iii) above, for any such failure to comply or failure to receive required permits, licenses, other approvals or liability as would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.

 

aa.           Disclosure Controls. The Company maintains a system of internal accounting controls designed to provide reasonable assurance that (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations; (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP and to maintain asset accountability; (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; and (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. The Company is not aware of any material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting (other than as set forth in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus). Since the date of the latest audited financial statements of the Company included or incorporated by reference in the Prospectus, there has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (other than as set forth in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus). The Company has established disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15) that comply with the requirements of the Exchange Act.

 

bb.           Sarbanes-Oxley Act. There is and has been no failure on the part of the Company or, to the knowledge of the Company, any of the Company’s directors or officers, in their capacities as such, to comply in all material respects with any applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”) and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. Each of the principal executive officer and the principal financial officer of the Company (or each former principal executive officer of the Company and each former principal financial officer of the Company as applicable) has made all certifications required by Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act with respect to all reports, schedules, forms, statements and other documents required to be filed by it or furnished by it to the Commission during the past 12 months. For purposes of the preceding sentence, “principal executive officer” and “principal financial officer” shall have the meanings given to such terms in the Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15.

 

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cc.           Finder’s Fees. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has incurred any liability for any finder’s fees, brokerage commissions or similar payments in connection with the transactions herein contemplated, except as may otherwise exist with respect to B. Riley pursuant to this Agreement.

 

dd.           Labor Disputes. No labor disturbance by or dispute with employees of the Company or any Subsidiary exists or, to the knowledge of the Company, is threatened which would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

ee.           Investment Company Act. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is or, after giving effect to the offering and sale of the Placement Shares, will be required to register as an “investment company” or an entity “controlled” by an “investment company,” as such terms are defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”).

 

ff.             Operations. The operations of the Company and the Subsidiaries are and have been conducted at all times in compliance with applicable financial record keeping and reporting requirements of the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970, as amended, the money laundering statutes of all jurisdictions to which the Company or the Subsidiaries are subject, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by any governmental agency having jurisdiction over the Company (collectively, the “Money Laundering Laws”), except where the failure to be in such compliance would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court or governmental agency, authority or body or any arbitrator involving the Company or any Subsidiary with respect to the Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened.

 

gg.           Underwriter Agreements. The Company is not a party to any agreement with an agent or underwriter for any “at the market” or continuous equity transaction, other than any such agreement between the Company and B. Riley.

 

hh.           ERISA. To the knowledge of the Company, (i) each material employee benefit plan, within the meaning of Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), that is maintained, administered or contributed to by the Company or any of its affiliates for employees or former employees of the Company and the Subsidiaries has been maintained in material compliance with its terms and the requirements of any applicable statutes, orders, rules and regulations, including but not limited to ERISA and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”); (ii) no prohibited transaction, within the meaning of Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code, has occurred which would result in a material liability to the Company with respect to any such plan excluding transactions effected pursuant to a statutory or administrative exemption; and (iii) for each such plan that is subject to the funding rules of Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA, no “accumulated funding deficiency” as defined in Section 412 of the Code has been incurred, whether or not waived, and the fair market value of the assets of each such plan (excluding for these purposes accrued but unpaid contributions) equals or exceeds the present value of all benefits accrued under such plan determined using reasonable actuarial assumptions, other than, in the case of (i), (ii) and (iii) above, as would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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ii.             Forward-Looking Statements. No forward-looking statement (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act) (a “Forward-Looking Statement”) contained in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus has been made or reaffirmed without a reasonable basis or has been disclosed other than in good faith.

 

jj.             Insurance. The Company and the Subsidiaries carry, or are covered by, insurance in such amounts and covering such risks as the Company and the Subsidiaries reasonably believe are adequate for the conduct of their business.

 

kk.           No Improper Practices. The Company and the Subsidiaries have conducted their businesses in material compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended (the “FCPA”), the Bribery Act 2010 of the United Kingdom, and any other applicable anti-corruption laws (“Anti-Corruption Laws”), and neither the Company nor the Subsidiaries or, to the Company’s knowledge, any director, officer, employee or other person associated with or acting on behalf of the Company or the Subsidiaries has (i) made any payment of funds of the Company or any Subsidiary or received or retained any funds in violation of any law, rule or regulation or of a character required to be disclosed in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus which has not been so disclosed, (ii) used any corporate funds for any unlawful contribution, gift, entertainment or other unlawful expense relating to political activity, (iii) made any direct or indirect unlawful payment to any foreign or domestic government official or employee from corporate funds, (iv) violated or is in violation of any provision of the FCPA and the rules and regulations thereunder, including, without limitation, by making use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of U.S. interstate commerce corruptly in furtherance of an offer, payment, promise to pay or authorization of the payment of any money, or other property, gift, promise to give, or authorization of the giving of anything of value to any “foreign official” (as such term is defined in the FCPA) or any foreign political party or official thereof or any candidate for foreign political office in contravention of the FCPA or any other applicable anti-bribery or Anti-Corruption Law, or (v) made any bribe, rebate, payoff, influence payment, kickback or other unlawful payment.

 

ll.             Status Under the Securities Act. (i) The Company was not and is not an ineligible issuer as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act at the times specified in Rules 164 and 433 under the Securities Act in connection with the offering of the Placement Shares and (ii)(A) at the time of the filing of the Registration Statement, (B) at the time of the most recent amendment thereto for the purpose of complying with Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act (whether such amendment was by post-effective amendment, an incorporated report filed pursuant to Section 1 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act or form of prospectus), and (C) at the time the Company or any person acting on its behalf (within the meaning, for this clause only, of Rule 163(c) of the Securities Act) made any offer relating to the Placement Shares in reliance on the exemption of Rule 163 of the Securities Act, the Company was a “well-known seasoned issuer” as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

 

mm.         No Misstatement or Omission in an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus. Each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, if any, as of its issue date and as of each Applicable Time (as defined in Section 25 below), did not, does not and will not, through the completion of the Placement or Placements for which such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus is issued, include any information that conflicted, conflicts or will conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, including any Incorporated Document that has not been superseded or modified. The foregoing sentence does not apply to statements in or omissions from any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus based upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by B. Riley specifically for use therein.

 

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nn.           No Conflicts. Neither the execution of this Agreement by the Company, nor the issuance, offering or sale of the Placement Shares, nor the consummation by the Company of any of the transactions contemplated herein, nor the compliance by the Company with the terms and provisions hereof will conflict with, or will result in a breach of, any of the terms and provisions of, or has constituted or will constitute a default under, or has resulted in or will result in the creation or imposition of any lien, charge or encumbrance upon any property or assets of the Company pursuant to the terms of any contract or other agreement to which the Company may be bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Company is subject, except (i) such conflicts, breaches or defaults as may have been waived and (ii) such conflicts, breaches and defaults that would not have a Material Adverse Effect; nor will such action result (x) in any violation of the provisions of the organizational or governing documents of the Company, or (y) in any material violation of the provisions of any statute or any order, rule or regulation applicable to the Company or of any court or of any federal, state or other regulatory authority or other government body having jurisdiction over the Company, except where such violation would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

oo.           OFAC.

 

(i)Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary (collectively, the “Entity”) nor, to the Company’s knowledge, any director, officer, employee, agent, controlled affiliate or representative of the Entity, is a government, individual, or entity (in this paragraph (oo), “Person”) that is, or is owned or controlled by a Person that is:

 

(a)the subject of any sanctions administered or enforced by the U.S. Department of Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”), the United Nations Security Council (“UNSC”), the European Union (“EU”), His Majesty’s Treasury (“HMT”), or other relevant sanctions authority (collectively, “Sanctions”), nor

 

(b)located, organized or resident in a country or territory that is the subject of Sanctions.

 

(ii)The Entity will not, directly or indirectly, knowingly use the proceeds of the offering, or lend, contribute or otherwise make available such proceeds to any subsidiary, joint venture partner or other Person:

 

(a)to fund or facilitate any activities or business of or with any Person or in any country or territory that, at the time of such funding or facilitation, is the subject of Sanctions; or

 

(b)in any other manner that will result in a violation of Sanctions by any Person (including any Person participating in the offering, whether as underwriter, advisor, investor or otherwise).

 

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(iii)The Entity represents and covenants that, except as detailed in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, for the past five (5) years, it has not knowingly engaged in and is not now knowingly engaged in any dealing or transactions with any Person, or in any country or territory, that at the time of the dealing or transaction is or was the subject of Sanctions.

 

pp.           IT Systems. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement or Prospectus, (i)(x) to the knowledge of the Company, there has been no material security breach or other material compromise of the Company’s information technology and computer systems, networks, hardware, software, data (including the data of their respective customers, employees, suppliers, vendors and any third party data maintained by or on behalf of them), equipment or technology used in the Company’s business (collectively, “IT Systems and Data”) and (y) the Company has not been notified of, and has no knowledge of any event or condition that would reasonably be expected to result in, any material security breach or other material compromise to its IT Systems and Data; and (ii) the Company is presently in material compliance with all applicable laws or statutes and all judgments, orders, rules and regulations of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority, internal policies and contractual obligations relating to the privacy and security of IT Systems and Data and to the protection of such IT Systems and Data from unauthorized use, access, misappropriation or modification, except as would not, in the case of this clause (ii), individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

qq.           FINRA Exemption. As of the date of this Agreement, the Company qualifies as an “experienced issuer” (within the meaning of FINRA Conduct Rule 5110(j)(6)) for purposes of the exemption from filing under FINRA Conduct Rule 5110(h)(1)(C).

 

Any certificate signed by an officer of the Company and delivered to B. Riley or to counsel for B. Riley pursuant to or in connection with this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty by the Company, as applicable, to B. Riley as to the matters set forth therein.

 

7.             Covenants of the Company. The Company covenants and agrees with B. Riley that:

 

a.             Registration Statement Amendments. After the date of this Agreement and during any period in which a prospectus relating to any Placement Shares is required to be delivered by B. Riley under the Securities Act (including in circumstances where such requirement may be satisfied pursuant to Rule 172 under the Securities Act) (the “Prospectus Delivery Period”) (i) the Company will notify B. Riley promptly of the time when any subsequent amendment to the Registration Statement, other than documents incorporated by reference or amendments not related to any Placement, has been filed with the Commission and/or has become effective or any subsequent supplement to the Prospectus has been filed and of any request by the Commission for any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement or Prospectus related to the Placement or for additional information related to the Placement, (ii) the Company will prepare and file with the Commission, promptly upon B. Riley’s request, any amendments or supplements to the Registration Statement or Prospectus that, upon the advice of the Company’s legal counsel, may be necessary or advisable in connection with the distribution of the Placement Shares by B. Riley (provided, however, that the failure of B. Riley to make such request shall not relieve the Company of any obligation or liability hereunder, or affect B. Riley’s right to rely on the representations and warranties made by the Company in this Agreement and provided, further, that the only remedy B. Riley shall have with respect to the failure to make such filing shall be to cease making sales under this Agreement until such amendment or supplement is filed); (iii) the Company will not file any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement or Prospectus relating to the Placement Shares or a security convertible into the Placement Shares (other than an Incorporated Document) unless a copy thereof has been submitted to B. Riley within a reasonable period of time before the filing and B. Riley has not reasonably objected thereto (provided, however, that (A) the failure of B. Riley to make such objection shall not relieve the Company of any obligation or liability hereunder, or affect B. Riley’s right to rely on the representations and warranties made by the Company in this Agreement and (B) the Company has no obligation to provide B. Riley any advance copy of such filing or to provide B. Riley an opportunity to object to such filing if the filing does not name B. Riley or does not relate to the transaction herein provided; and provided, further, that the only remedy B. Riley shall have with respect to the failure by the Company to obtain such consent shall be to cease making sales under this Agreement) and the Company will furnish to B. Riley at the time of filing thereof a copy of any document that upon filing is deemed to be incorporated by reference into the Registration Statement or Prospectus, except for those documents available via EDGAR; and (iv) the Company will cause each amendment or supplement to the Prospectus to be filed with the Commission as required pursuant to the applicable paragraph of Rule 424(b) of the Securities Act or, in the case of any document to be incorporated therein by reference, to be filed with the Commission as required pursuant to the Exchange Act, within the time period prescribed (the determination to file or not file any amendment or supplement with the Commission under this Section 7(a), based on the Company’s reasonable opinion or reasonable objections, shall be made exclusively by the Company).

 

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b.             Notice of Commission Stop Orders. The Company will advise B. Riley, promptly after it receives notice or obtains knowledge thereof, of the issuance or threatened issuance by the Commission of any stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement, of the suspension of the qualification of the Placement Shares for offering or sale in any jurisdiction, or of the initiation or threatening of any proceeding for any such purpose; and it will use its commercially reasonable efforts to prevent the issuance of any stop order or to obtain its withdrawal if such a stop order should be issued. The Company will advise B. Riley promptly after it receives any request by the Commission for any amendments to the Registration Statement or any amendment or supplements to the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or for additional information related to the offering of the Placement Shares or for additional information related to the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus.

 

c.             Delivery of Prospectus; Subsequent Changes. During the Prospectus Delivery Period, the Company will comply with all requirements imposed upon it by the Securities Act, as from time to time in force, and to file on or before their respective due dates all reports and any definitive proxy or information statements required to be filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14, 15(d) or any other provision of or under the Exchange Act. If the Company has omitted any information from the Registration Statement pursuant to Rule 430B under the Securities Act, it will use its commercially reasonable efforts to comply with the provisions of and make all requisite filings with the Commission pursuant to said Rule 430B and to notify B. Riley promptly of all such filings. If during the Prospectus Delivery Period any event occurs as a result of which the Prospectus as then amended or supplemented would include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances then existing, not misleading, or if during such Prospectus Delivery Period it is necessary to amend or supplement the Registration Statement or Prospectus to comply with the Securities Act, the Company will promptly notify B. Riley to suspend the offering of Placement Shares during such period and the Company will promptly amend or supplement the Registration Statement or Prospectus (at the expense of the Company) so as to correct such statement or omission or effect such compliance; provided, however, that the Company may delay the filing of any amendment or supplement, if in the judgment of the Company, doing so is in the best interest of the Company.

 

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d.             Listing of Placement Shares. During the Prospectus Delivery Period, the Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Placement Shares to be listed on the Exchange and to qualify the Placement Shares for sale under the securities laws of such jurisdictions in the United States as B. Riley reasonably designates and to continue such qualifications in effect so long as required for the distribution of the Placement Shares; provided, however, that the Company shall not be required in connection therewith to qualify as a foreign corporation or dealer in securities, file a general consent to service of process, or subject itself to taxation in any jurisdiction if it is not otherwise so subject.

 

e.             Delivery of Registration Statement and Prospectus. The Company will furnish to B. Riley and its counsel (at the reasonable expense of the Company) copies of the Registration Statement, the Prospectus (including all documents incorporated by reference therein) and all amendments and supplements to the Registration Statement or Prospectus that are filed with the Commission during the Prospectus Delivery Period (including all documents filed with the Commission during such period that are deemed to be incorporated by reference therein), in each case as soon as reasonably practicable and in such quantities as B. Riley may from time to time reasonably request and, at B. Riley’s request, will also furnish copies of the Prospectus to each exchange or market on which sales of the Placement Shares may be made; provided, however, that the Company shall not be required to furnish any document (other than the Prospectus) to B. Riley to the extent such document is available on EDGAR.

 

f.             Earnings Statement. To the extent not available on EDGAR, the Company will make generally available to its security holders as soon as practicable, but in any event not later than 15 months after the end of the Company’s current fiscal quarter, an earnings statement covering a 12-month period that satisfies the provisions of Section 11(a) and Rule 158 of the Securities Act. B. Riley and the Company acknowledge and agree that the Company’s ordinary, timely-filed periodic filings with the Commission pursuant to the Exchange Act may be used to satisfy this obligation to the extent consistent with the requirements set forth herein.

 

g.             Use of Proceeds. The Company will use the Net Proceeds as described in the Prospectus in the section entitled “Use of Proceeds.”

 

h.             Notice of Other Sales. Without the prior written consent of B. Riley, the Company will not, directly or indirectly, offer to sell, sell, contract to sell, grant any option to sell or otherwise dispose of any Common Stock (other than the Placement Shares offered pursuant to this Agreement) or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock, warrants or any rights to purchase or acquire, Common Stock during the period beginning on the date on which any Agency Placement Notice or Commitment Advance Notice is delivered to B. Riley hereunder and ending on the second (2nd) Trading Day immediately following the final Settlement Date with respect to Placement Shares sold pursuant to such Placement Notice or Commitment Advance Notice (or, if the Placement Notice has been terminated or suspended prior to the sale of all Placement Shares covered by a Placement Notice, the date of such suspension or termination); and will not directly or indirectly in any other “at the market” or continuous equity transaction offer to sell, sell, contract to sell, grant any option to sell or otherwise dispose of any Common Stock (other than the Placement Shares offered pursuant to this Agreement) or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock, warrants or any rights to purchase or acquire, Common Stock prior to the termination of this Agreement; provided, however, that such restrictions will not apply in connection with (i) the Company’s issuance or sale of Common Stock, options to purchase Common Stock or Common Stock issuable upon the exercise, vesting or settlement of options, warrants, restricted stock units or other equity awards, pursuant to any stock option or benefits plan or other employee compensation plan, stock ownership plan or dividend reinvestment plan (but not Common Stock subject to a waiver to exceed plan limits in any dividend reinvestment plan) of the Company whether now in effect or hereafter implemented; (ii) Common Stock issuable upon conversion or redemption of securities or the exercise of warrants, options or other rights in effect or outstanding, and disclosed in filings by the Company available on EDGAR or otherwise in writing to B. Riley; (iii) Common Stock, or securities convertible into, exchangeable or exercisable for Common Stock, offered and sold in a privately negotiated transaction to vendors, customers, strategic partners or potential strategic partners or other investors conducted in a manner so as not to be integrated with the offering of Common Stock hereby; (iv) Common Stock or any security convertible into or exercisable for shares of Common Stock in connection with any acquisition, strategic investment, commercial transaction or other similar transaction (including any joint venture, strategic alliance or partnership); or (v) Common Stock issuable as a matching contribution under the Company’s 401(k) plan; . Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, noting herein shall be construed to restrict the Company’s ability, or require the consent of B. Riley, to file a registration statement under the Securities Act.

 

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i.              Change of Circumstances. The Company will, at any time during which any Agency Transaction or Principal Transaction, as applicable, is pending, and has not been suspended or terminated by the Company in accordance with this Agreement or a Commitment Advance Notice, as applicable, advise B. Riley promptly after it shall have received notice or obtained knowledge thereof, of any information or fact that would alter or affect in any material respect any opinion, certificate, letter or other document required to be provided to B. Riley pursuant to this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice.

 

j.              Due Diligence Cooperation. During the term of this Agreement, the Company will cooperate with any reasonable due diligence review conducted by B. Riley or its representatives in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby or by any Commitment Advance Notice, including, without limitation, providing information and making available documents and senior corporate officers, during regular business hours and at the Company’s principal offices, as B. Riley may reasonably request.

 

k.             Periodic Reports. Promptly following the end of each quarterly period, the Company shall disclose in its Annual Report on Form 10-K or Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed by the Company for any quarter the number of Placement Shares sold by or through B. Riley under this Agreement and the Net Proceeds and Aggregate Commitment Advance Amount received by the Company with respect to such sale or, to the extent required by applicable law and/or interpretations of the Commission, the Company shall disclose such information in a prospectus supplement with the Commission under the applicable paragraph of Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act.

 

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l.              Representation Dates; Certificate. Each time during the term of this Agreement that the Company:

 

(i)amends or supplements (other than by means of a prospectus supplement relating solely to an offering of securities other than the Placement Shares) the Registration Statement or the Prospectus relating to the Placement Shares by means of a post-effective amendment, sticker, or supplement but not by means of incorporation of documents by reference into the Registration Statement or the Prospectus relating to the Placement Shares;

 

(ii)files an annual report on Form 10-K under the Exchange Act (including any Form 10-K/A containing amended audited financial information or a material amendment to the previously filed Form 10-K);

 

(iii)files its quarterly reports on Form 10-Q under the Exchange Act; or

 

(iv)files a current report on Form 8-K containing amended financial information (other than information “furnished” pursuant to Items 2.02 or 7.01 of Form 8-K or to provide disclosure pursuant to Item 8.01 of Form 8-K relating to the reclassification of certain properties as discontinued operations in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 144) under the Exchange Act that is incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into the Registration Statement or the Prospectus;

 

(Each date of filing of one or more of the documents referred to in clauses (i) through (iv) shall be a “Representation Date.”)

 

the Company shall furnish B. Riley (but in the case of clause (iv) above only if B. Riley reasonably determines that the information contained in such Form 8-K is material) with a certificate, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 7(l). The requirement to provide a certificate under this Section 7(l) shall be automatically waived for any Representation Date occurring at a time which no Agency Transaction or Principal Transaction is pending, which waiver shall continue until the earlier to occur of the date the Company delivers an Agency Placement Notice hereunder or enters into a Commitment Advance Notice hereunder (which for such calendar quarter shall be considered a Representation Date) and the next occurring Representation Date on which the Company files its Annual Report on Form 10-K. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) upon the delivery of the first Agency Placement Notice hereunder and (ii) if the Company subsequently decides to sell Placement Shares in an Agency Transaction or Principal Transaction following a Representation Date when the Company relied on such waiver and did not provide B. Riley with a certificate under this Section 7(l), and the Company then delivers a Commitment Advance Notice or an Agency Placement Notice, the Company shall provide B. Riley with a certificate, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 7(l), dated (i) with respect to any Agency Transaction, the date of the Agency Placement Notice and (ii) with respect to any Principal Transaction, the date of the Commitment Advance Notice.

 

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m.             Legal Opinion. On or prior to the date of the first Agency Placement Notice given hereunder the Company shall cause to be furnished to B. Riley a written opinion and a negative assurance letter of Goodwin Procter LLP or other counsel reasonably satisfactory to B. Riley (“Company Counsel”), each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to B. Riley. Thereafter, within five (5) Trading Days of each Representation Date, with respect to which the Company is obligated to deliver a certificate in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 7(l) for which no waiver is applicable, the Company shall cause to be furnished to B. Riley a negative assurance letter of Company Counsel in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to B. Riley; provided that, in lieu of such negative assurance for subsequent periodic filings under the Exchange Act, Company Counsel may furnish B. Riley with a letter (a “Reliance Letter”) to the effect that B. Riley may rely on the negative assurance letter previously delivered under this Section 7(m) to the same extent as if it were dated the date of such letter (except that statements in such prior letter shall be deemed to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended or supplemented as of the date of the Reliance Letter).

 

n.             Comfort Letter. On or prior to the date of the first Agency Placement Notice given hereunder and within five (5) Trading Days after each subsequent Representation Date, other than pursuant to Section 7(l)(iii), with respect to which the Company is obligated to deliver a certificate in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 7(l) for which no waiver is applicable, the Company shall cause its independent accountants to furnish B. Riley letters (the “Comfort Letters”), dated the date the Comfort Letter is delivered, which shall meet the requirements set forth in this Section 7(n). The Comfort Letter from the Company’s independent accountants shall be in a form and substance reasonably satisfactory to B. Riley, (i) confirming that they are an independent public accounting firm within the meaning of the Securities Act and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, (ii) stating, as of such date, the conclusions and findings of such firm with respect to the financial information and other matters ordinarily covered by accountants’ “comfort letters” to underwriters in connection with registered public offerings (the first such letter, the “Initial Comfort Letter”) and (iii) updating the Initial Comfort Letter with any information that would have been included in the Initial Comfort Letter had it been given on such date and modified as necessary to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, as amended and supplemented to the date of such letter.

 

o.             Market Activities. The Company will not, directly or indirectly, (i) take any action designed to cause or result in, or that constitutes or would reasonably be expected to constitute, the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company to facilitate the sale or resale of Placement Shares or (ii) sell, bid for, or purchase Placement Shares to be issued and sold pursuant to this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice, in violation of Regulation M, or pay anyone any compensation for soliciting purchases of the Placement Shares other than B. Riley.

 

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p.             Investment Company Act. The Company will conduct its affairs in such a manner so as to reasonably ensure that neither it nor the Subsidiaries will be or become, at any time prior to the termination of this Agreement, an “investment company,” as such term is defined in the Investment Company Act.

 

q.             No Offer to Sell. Other than an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus approved in advance by the Company and B. Riley in its capacity as agent hereunder pursuant to Section 23, neither B. Riley nor the Company (including its agents and representatives, other than B. Riley in its capacity as such) will make, use, prepare, authorize, approve or refer to any written communication (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act), required to be filed with the Commission, that constitutes an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy Placement Shares hereunder.

 

r.             Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Company and its Subsidiaries will use their reasonable best efforts to comply in all material respects with any applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

s.             Filing Fees. The Company will pay the required Commission filing fees relating to the Placement Shares within the time required by and in accordance with Rule 456(b)(1) and 457(r) of the Securities Act.

 

8.             Representations and Covenants of B. Riley. B. Riley represents and warrants that it is duly registered as a broker-dealer under FINRA, the Exchange Act and the applicable statutes and regulations of each state in which the Placement Shares will be offered and sold, except such states in which B. Riley is exempt from registration or such registration is not otherwise required. B. Riley shall continue, for the term of this Agreement, to be duly registered as a broker-dealer under FINRA, the Exchange Act and the applicable statutes and regulations of each state in which the Placement Shares will be offered and sold, except such states in which it is exempt from registration or such registration is not otherwise required, during the term of this Agreement. B Riley shall comply with all applicable law and regulations in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice, including the issuance and sale through or to B. Riley of the Placement Shares.

 

9.             Payment of Expenses. The Company will pay all expenses incident to the performance of its obligations under this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice, including (i) the preparation, filing, including any fees required by the Commission, and printing of the Registration Statement (including financial statements and exhibits) as originally filed and of each amendment and supplement thereto and each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, in such number as B. Riley shall deem reasonably necessary, (ii) the printing and delivery to B. Riley of this Agreement and such other documents as may be required in connection with the offering, purchase, sale, issuance or delivery of the Placement Shares, (iii) the preparation, issuance and delivery of the certificates, if any, for the Placement Shares to B. Riley, including any stock or other transfer taxes and any capital duties, stamp duties or other duties or taxes payable upon the sale, issuance or delivery of the Placement Shares to B. Riley, (iv) the fees and disbursements of the counsel, accountants and other advisors to the Company, (v) the actual, reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees and disbursements of counsel to B. Riley (x) not to exceed $100,000 in connection with the filing of this Agreement and (y) not to exceed $7,500 per calendar quarter thereafter in connection with updates at the time of Representation Dates for any quarter in which the Company has furnished or caused to be furnished documents set forth in Sections 7(m) and 7(n); (vi) the fees and expenses of the transfer agent and registrar for the Common Stock, and (vii) the fees and expenses incurred in connection with the listing of the Placement Shares on the Exchange.

  

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10.           Conditions to B. Riley’s Obligations. The obligations of B. Riley hereunder with respect to an Agency Placement Notice or pursuant to any Commitment Advance Notice will be subject to the continuing accuracy and completeness of the representations and warranties made by the Company herein (other than those representations and warranties made as of a specified date or time), to the due performance in all material respects by the Company of its obligations hereunder, to the completion by B. Riley of a due diligence review satisfactory to it in its reasonable judgment, and to the continuing reasonable satisfaction (or waiver by B. Riley in its sole discretion) of the following additional conditions:

 

a.             Registration Statement Effective. The Registration Statement shall have become effective and shall be available for the sale of all Placement Shares contemplated to be issued pursuant to the applicable Agency Placement Notice or Commitment Advance Notice.

 

b.             No Material Notices. None of the following events shall have occurred and be continuing: (i) receipt by the Company of any request for additional information from the Commission or any other federal or state governmental authority during the period of effectiveness of the Registration Statement, the response to which would require any post-effective amendments or supplements to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus; (ii) the issuance by the Commission or any other federal or state governmental authority of any stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or receipt by the Company of notification of the initiation of any proceedings for that purpose; (iii) receipt by the Company of a notice of objection of the Commission to the use of the Registration Statement or any post-effective amendment thereto pursuant to Rule 401(g)(2) of the Securities Act; (iv) receipt by the Company of any notification with respect to the suspension of the qualification or exemption from qualification of any of the Placement Shares for sale in any jurisdiction or receipt by the Company of notification of the initiation of, or a threat to initiate, any proceeding for such purpose; or (v) the occurrence of any event that makes any material statement made in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or any material Incorporated Document untrue in any material respect or that requires the making of any changes in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or any material Incorporated Document so that, in the case of the Registration Statement, it will not contain any materially untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading and, that in the case of the Prospectus or any material Incorporated Document, it will not contain any materially untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

 

c.             No Misstatement or Material Omission. B. Riley shall not have advised the Company that the Registration Statement or Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, contains an untrue statement of fact that in B. Riley’s reasonable opinion is material, or omits to state a fact that in B. Riley’s reasonable opinion is material and is required to be stated therein or is necessary to make the statements therein not misleading.

 

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d.             Material Changes. Subsequent to the delivery of the applicable Agency Placement Notice, in the case of any Agency Transaction, or subsequent to the execution of the applicable Commitment Advance Notice, in the case of any Principal Transaction, except as contemplated in the Prospectus, or disclosed in the Company’s reports filed with the Commission, there shall not have been any Material Adverse Effect, or any development that would cause a Material Adverse Effect, or a downgrading in or withdrawal of a rating assigned to any of the Company’s securities (other than asset backed securities) by any “nationally recognized statistical rating organization,” as such term is defined by the Commission for purposes of Rule 436(g)(2) under the Securities Act (a “Rating Organization”), or a public announcement by any Rating Organization that it has under surveillance or review its rating of any of the Company’s securities (other than asset backed securities), the effect of which, in the case of any such action by a Rating Organization described above, in the reasonable judgment of B. Riley (without relieving the Company of any obligation or liability it may otherwise have), is so material as to make it impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the offering of the Placement Shares on the terms and in the manner contemplated in the Prospectus.

 

e.             Legal Opinion of Company Counsel. B. Riley shall have received the opinion and negative assurance letter of Company Counsel required to be delivered pursuant to Section 7(m) on or before the date on which such delivery of such opinion and negative assurance letter are required pursuant to Section 7(m).

 

f.              Legal Opinion of Agent Counsel. B. Riley shall have received a written opinion and a negative assurance letter of Duane Morris LLP or other counsel reasonably satisfactory to B. Riley (“Agent Counsel”) on or before the date on which the delivery of the Company Counsel legal opinion is required pursuant to Section 7(m), with respect to such matters as B. Riley may reasonably require, and the Company shall have furnished to such counsel such documents as B. Riley Counsel may reasonably request for enabling them to pass upon such matters.

 

g.             Comfort Letter. B. Riley shall have received the Comfort Letter required to be delivered pursuant Section 7(n) on or before the date on which such delivery of such letter is required pursuant to Section 7(n).

 

h.             Representation Certificate. B. Riley shall have received the certificate required to be delivered pursuant to Section 7(l) on or before the date on which delivery of such certificate is required pursuant to Section 7(l).

 

i.              Secretary’s Certificate. On or prior to the first Representation Date, B. Riley shall have received a certificate, signed on behalf of the Company by its corporate Secretary, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to B. Riley and its counsel.

 

j.              No Suspension. In the case of an Agency Transaction, from the time of delivery of the applicable Agency Placement Notice until the applicable Agency Settlement Date and, in the case of a Principal Transaction pursuant to a Commitment Advance Notice, from the time and execution and delivery of the Commitment Advance Notice until the applicable Principal Settlement Date, trading in the Common Stock shall not have been suspended on the Exchange and the Common Stock shall not have been delisted from the Exchange.

 

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k.             Other Materials. On each date on which the Company is required to deliver a certificate pursuant to Section 7(l), the Company shall have furnished to B. Riley such appropriate further information, certificates and documents as B. Riley may reasonably request and which are usually and customarily furnished by an issuer of securities in connection with a securities offering of the type contemplated hereby. All such opinions, certificates, letters and other documents will be in compliance with the provisions hereof.

 

l.              Securities Act Filings Made. All filings with the Commission with respect to the Placement Shares required by Rule 424 under the Securities Act to have been filed prior to the issuance of any Agency Placement Notice or Commitment Advance Notice hereunder and to the extent required by applicable law, the Company shall file a prospectus supplement or a supplement to a prospectus supplement in connection with any Principal Transaction pursuant to a Commitment Advance Notice within the applicable time period prescribed for such filing by Rule 424.

 

m.             Approval for Listing. The Placement Shares shall either have been approved for listing on the Exchange, subject only to notice of issuance, or the Company shall have filed an application for listing of the Placement Shares on the Exchange at, or prior to, the issuance of any Agency Placement Notice or Commitment Advance Notice.

 

n.             No Termination Event. There shall not have occurred any event that would permit B. Riley to terminate this Agreement pursuant to Section 13(a).

 

11.           Indemnification and Contribution.

 

a.             Company Indemnification. The Company agrees to indemnify and hold harmless B. Riley, its partners, members, directors, officers, employees and agents and each person, if any, who controls B. Riley within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act as follows:

 

(i)             against any and all loss, liability, claim, damage and expense whatsoever, as incurred, joint or several, arising out of or based upon any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in the Registration Statement (or any amendment thereto), or the omission or alleged omission therefrom of a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, or arising out of any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact included in any related Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto), or the omission or alleged omission therefrom of a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading;

 

(ii)            against any and all loss, liability, claim, damage and expense whatsoever, as incurred, joint or several, to the extent of the aggregate amount paid in settlement of any litigation, or any investigation or proceeding by any governmental agency or body, commenced or threatened, or of any claim whatsoever based upon any such untrue statement or omission, or any such alleged untrue statement or omission; provided that (subject to Section 11(d) below) any such settlement is effected with the written consent of the Company, which consent shall not unreasonably be delayed or withheld; and

 

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(iii)           against any and all expense whatsoever, as incurred (including the actual, reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees and disbursements of counsel), reasonably incurred in investigating, preparing or defending against any litigation, or any investigation or proceeding by any governmental agency or body, commenced or threatened, or any claim whatsoever based upon any such untrue statement or omission, or any such alleged untrue statement or omission, to the extent that any such expense is not paid under (i) or (ii) above;

 

provided, however, that this indemnity agreement shall not apply to any loss, liability, claim, damage or expense to the extent arising out of any untrue statement or omission or alleged untrue statement or omission made solely in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by B. Riley expressly for use in the Registration Statement (or any amendment thereto), or in any related Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto).

 

b.             Indemnification by B. Riley. B. Riley agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Company and its directors and officers, and each person, if any, who (i) controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act or (ii) is controlled by or is under common control with the Company against any and all loss, liability, claim, damage and expense described in the indemnity contained in Section 11(a) of this Agreement, as incurred, but only with respect to untrue statements or omissions, or alleged untrue statements or omissions, made in the Registration Statement (or any amendments thereto) or in any related Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto) in reliance upon and in conformity with information relating to B. Riley and furnished to the Company in writing by B. Riley expressly for use therein.

 

c.             Procedure. Any party that proposes to assert the right to be indemnified under this Section 11 will, promptly after receipt of notice of commencement of any action against such party in respect of which a claim is to be made against an indemnifying party or parties under this Section 11, notify each such indemnifying party of the commencement of such action, enclosing a copy of all papers served, but the omission so to notify such indemnifying party will not relieve the indemnifying party from (i) any liability that it might have to any indemnified party otherwise than under this Section 11 and (ii) any liability that it may have to any indemnified party under the foregoing provisions of this Section 11 unless, and only to the extent that, such omission results in the forfeiture of substantive rights or defenses by the indemnifying party. If any such action is brought against any indemnified party and it notifies the indemnifying party of its commencement, the indemnifying party will be entitled to participate in and, to the extent that it elects by delivering written notice to the indemnified party promptly after receiving notice of the commencement of the action from the indemnified party, jointly with any other indemnifying party similarly notified, to assume the defense of the action, with counsel reasonably satisfactory to the indemnified party, and after notice from the indemnifying party to the indemnified party of its election to assume the defense, the indemnifying party will not be liable to the indemnified party for any legal or other expenses except as provided below and except for the reasonable costs of investigation subsequently incurred by the indemnified party in connection with the defense. The indemnified party will have the right to employ its own counsel in any such action, but the fees, expenses and other charges of such counsel will be at the expense of such indemnified party unless (1) the employment of counsel by the indemnified party has been authorized in writing by the indemnifying party, (2) the indemnified party has reasonably concluded (based on advice of counsel) that there may be legal defenses available to it or other indemnified parties that are different from or in addition to those available to the indemnifying party, (3) a conflict or potential conflict of interest exists (based on advice of counsel to the indemnified party) between the indemnified party and the indemnifying party (in which case the indemnifying party will not have the right to direct the defense of such action on behalf of the indemnified party) or (4) the indemnifying party has not in fact employed counsel to assume the defense of such action within a reasonable time after receiving notice of the commencement of the action, in each of which cases the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees, disbursements and other charges of counsel will be at the expense of the indemnifying party or parties. It is understood that the indemnifying party or parties shall not, in connection with any proceeding or related proceedings in the same jurisdiction, be liable for the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees, disbursements and other charges of more than one separate firm admitted to practice in such jurisdiction at any one time for all such indemnified party or parties. All such reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees, disbursements and other charges will be reimbursed by the indemnifying party promptly after the indemnifying party receives a written invoice relating to fees, disbursements and other charges in reasonable detail. An indemnifying party will not, in any event, be liable for any settlement of any action or claim effected without its written consent. No indemnifying party shall, without the prior written consent of each indemnified party, settle or compromise or consent to the entry of any judgment in any pending or threatened claim, action or proceeding relating to the matters contemplated by this Section 11 (whether or not any indemnified party is a party thereto), unless such settlement, compromise or consent (1) includes an unconditional release of each indemnified party from all liability arising out of such litigation, investigation, proceeding or claim and (2) does not include a statement as to or an admission of fault, culpability or a failure to act by or on behalf of any indemnified party.

 

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d.             Contribution. In order to provide for just and equitable contribution in circumstances in which the indemnification provided for in the foregoing paragraphs of this Section 11 is applicable in accordance with its terms but for any reason is held to be unavailable from the Company or B. Riley, the Company and B. Riley will contribute to the total losses, claims, liabilities, expenses and damages (including any investigative, legal and other expenses reasonably incurred in connection with, and any amount paid in settlement of, any action, suit or proceeding or any claim asserted, but after deducting any contribution received by the Company from persons other than B. Riley, such as persons who control the Company within the meaning of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, officers of the Company who signed the Registration Statement and directors of the Company, who also may be liable for contribution) to which the Company and B. Riley may be subject in such proportion as shall be appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and B. Riley on the other hand. The relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and B. Riley on the other hand shall be deemed to be in the same proportion as the total Net Proceeds from the sale of the Agency Placement Shares and Aggregate Commitment Advance Amount from the sale of the Principal Placement Shares (before deducting expenses) received by the Company bear to the total compensation (including commissions) received by B. Riley (before deducting expenses) from the sale or purchase of Placement Shares on behalf of or from the Company, as applicable. If, but only if, the allocation provided by the foregoing sentence is not permitted by applicable law, the allocation of contribution shall be made in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only the relative benefits referred to in the foregoing sentence but also the relative fault of the Company, on the one hand, and B. Riley, on the other hand, with respect to the statements or omission that resulted in such loss, claim, liability, expense or damage, or action in respect thereof, as well as any other relevant equitable considerations with respect to such offering. Such relative fault shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether the untrue or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates to information supplied by the Company or B. Riley, the intent of the parties and their relative knowledge, access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such statement or omission. The Company and B. Riley agree that it would not be just and equitable if contributions pursuant to this Section 11(d) were to be determined by pro rata allocation or by any other method of allocation that does not take into account the equitable considerations referred to herein. The amount paid or payable by an indemnified party as a result of the loss, claim, liability, expense, or damage, or action in respect thereof, referred to above in this Section 11(d) shall be deemed to include, for the purpose of this Section 11(d), any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by such indemnified party in connection with investigating or defending any such action or claim to the extent consistent with Section 11(c) hereof. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section 11(d), B. Riley shall not be required to contribute any amount in excess of the commissions received by it under this Agreement, including any Commitment Advance Notice, and no person found guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) will be entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation. For purposes of this Section 11(d), any person who controls a party to this Agreement within the meaning of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, and any officers, directors, partners, employees or agents of B. Riley, will have the same rights to contribution as that party, and each officer who signed the Registration Statement and director of the Company will have the same rights to contribution as the Company, subject in each case to the provisions hereof. Any party entitled to contribution, promptly after receipt of notice of commencement of any action against such party in respect of which a claim for contribution may be made under this Section 11(d), will notify any such party or parties from whom contribution may be sought, but the omission to so notify will not relieve that party or parties from whom contribution may be sought from any other obligation it or they may have under this Section 11(d) except to the extent that the failure to so notify such other party materially prejudiced the substantive rights or defenses of the party from whom contribution is sought. Except for a settlement entered into pursuant to the last sentence of Section 11(c) hereof, no party will be liable for contribution with respect to any action or claim settled without its written consent if such consent is required pursuant to Section 11(c) hereof.

 

29

 

 

12.           Representations and Agreements to Survive Delivery. The indemnity and contribution agreements contained in Section 11 of this Agreement and all representations and warranties of the Company herein or in certificates delivered pursuant hereto, or of B. Riley herein, shall survive, as of their respective dates, regardless of (i) any investigation made by or on behalf of B. Riley, any controlling persons, or the Company (or any of their respective officers, directors or controlling persons), (ii) delivery and acceptance of the Placement Shares and payment therefor or (iii) any termination of this Agreement.

 

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13.             Termination.

 

a.             B. Riley may terminate this Agreement, by notice to the Company, as hereinafter specified at any time (1) if there has been, since the time of execution of this Agreement or since the date as of which information is given in the Prospectus, any Material Adverse Effect, or any development that would have a Material Adverse Effect that is material and adverse and makes it impractical or inadvisable to market the Placement Shares or to enforce contracts for the sale of the Placement Shares, (2) if there has occurred any material adverse change in the financial markets in the United States or the international financial markets, any outbreak of hostilities or escalation thereof or other calamity or crisis or any change or development involving a prospective change in national or international political, financial or economic conditions, in each case the effect of which is such as to make it, in the judgment of B. Riley, impracticable or inadvisable to market the Placement Shares or to enforce contracts for the sale of the Placement Shares, (3) if trading in the Common Stock has been suspended or limited by the Commission or the Exchange, or if trading generally on the Exchange has been suspended or limited, or minimum prices for trading have been fixed on the Exchange, (4) if any suspension of trading of any securities of the Company on any exchange or in the over-the-counter market shall have occurred and be continuing, (5) if a major disruption of securities settlements or clearance services in the United States shall have occurred and be continuing, or (6) if a banking moratorium has been declared by either U.S. Federal or New York authorities. Any such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except that the provisions of Section 9 (Payment of Expenses), Section 11 (Indemnification and Contribution), Section 12 (Representations and Agreements to Survive Delivery), Section 18 (Governing Law and Time; Waiver of Jury Trial) and Section 19 (Consent to Jurisdiction) hereof shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination. If B. Riley elects to terminate this Agreement as provided in this Section 13(a) or 13(b), B. Riley shall provide the required notice as specified in Section 14 (Notices).

 

b.             In the case of any purchase by B. Riley pursuant to a Commitment Advance Notice, the obligations of B. Riley pursuant to such Commitment Advance Notice shall be subject to termination by B. Riley at any time prior to or at the applicable Principal Settlement Date if (A) since the time of execution of the Commitment Advance Notice or the respective dates as of which information is given in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, (i) there has been any Material Adverse Effect; or (ii) there has occurred any material adverse change in the financial markets in the United States or the international financial markets, any outbreak of hostilities or escalation thereof or other calamity or crisis or any change or development involving a prospective change in national or international political, financial or economic conditions, in each case the effect of which is such as to make it impracticable or inadvisable to market the Placement Shares or to enforce contracts for the sale of the Placement Shares; or (iii) (A) if trading in any securities of the Company has been suspended or materially limited by the Commission or Nasdaq, or (B) if trading generally on Nasdaq has been suspended or materially limited, or minimum or maximum prices for trading have been fixed, or maximum ranges for prices have been required, by said exchange or by such system or by order of the Commission, FINRA or any other governmental authority having jurisdiction; or (iv) if a material disruption has occurred in commercial banking or securities settlement or clearance services in the United States, or (v) if a banking moratorium has been declared by either Federal or New York authorities. If B. Riley elects to terminate its obligations pursuant to this Section 13(b), the Company shall be notified promptly in writing.

 

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c.             The Company shall have the right, by giving five (5) days’ notice as hereinafter specified to terminate this Agreement in its sole discretion at any time after the date of this Agreement. Any such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except that the provisions of Section 9 (Payment of Expenses), Section 11 (Indemnification and Contribution), Section 12 (Representations and Agreements to Survive Delivery), Section 18 (Governing Law and Time; Waiver of Jury Trial) and Section 19 (Consent to Jurisdiction) hereof shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination.

 

d.             Unless earlier terminated pursuant to this Section 13, this Agreement shall automatically terminate upon the earlier to occur of (i) the 24-month anniversary of the date hereof and (ii) the issuance and sale of all of the Placement Shares through B. Riley on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, except that the provisions of Section 9 (Payment of Expenses), Section 11 (Indemnification and Contribution), Section 12 (Representations and Agreements to Survive Delivery), Section 18 (Governing Law and Time; Waiver of Jury Trial) and Section 19 (Consent to Jurisdiction) hereof shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company’s right to submit a Commitment Advance Notice shall terminate on the 18-month anniversary of the date hereof.

 

e.             This Agreement shall remain in full force and effect unless terminated pursuant to Sections 13(a), (b), (c) or (d) above or otherwise by mutual agreement of the parties; provided, however, that any such termination by mutual agreement shall in all cases be deemed to provide that Section 9 (Payment of Expenses), Section 11 (Indemnification and Contribution), Section 12 (Representations and Agreements to Survive Delivery), Section 18 (Governing Law and Time; Waiver of Jury Trial) and Section 19 (Consent to Jurisdiction) shall remain in full force and effect. Upon termination of this Agreement, the Company shall not have any liability to B. Riley for any discount, commission or other compensation with respect to any Placement Shares not otherwise sold by B. Riley under this Agreement, including any Commitment Advance Notice.

 

f.              Any termination of this Agreement shall be effective on the date specified in such notice of termination; provided, however, that such termination shall not be effective until the close of business on the date of receipt of such notice by B. Riley or the Company, as the case may be. If such termination shall occur prior to the Settlement Date for any sale of Placement Shares, such Placement Shares shall settle in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, including any Commitment Advance Notice.

 

14.           Notices. All notices or other communications required or permitted to be given by any party to any other party pursuant to the terms of this Agreement shall be in writing, unless otherwise specified, and if sent to B. Riley, shall be delivered to:

 

B. Riley Securities, Inc.

299 Park Avenue, 21st Floor

New York, NY 10171

Attention:           General Counsel
Telephone:
         (212) 457-9947

Email:                   atmdesk@brileyfin.com

 

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with a copy to:

 

Duane Morris LLP

1540 Broadway

New York, NY 10036

Attention:           James T. Seery
Telephone:
         (973) 424-2088
Email:
                   jtseery@duanemorris.com

 

and if to the Company, shall be delivered to:

 

Plug Power Inc.

968 Albany Shaker Road

Latham, New York 12110
Attention:
           Gerard L. Conway, Jr.
Telephone:
         (518) 738-0970

Email:                   gconway@plugpower.com

 

with a copy to:

 

Goodwin Procter LLP

100 Northern Avenue

Boston, Massachusetts 02210

Attention:           Robert P. Whalen, Jr. and Audrey S. Leigh
Telephone:
         (617) 570-1394; (212) 459-7392

Email:                   rwhalen@goodwinlaw.com; aleigh@goodwinlaw.com

 

Each party to this Agreement may change such address for notices by sending to the parties to this Agreement written notice of a new address for such purpose. Each such notice or other communication shall be deemed given (i) when delivered personally, or by email, on or before 4:30 p.m., New York City time, on a Business Day or, if such day is not a Business Day, on the next succeeding Business Day, (ii) on the next Business Day after timely delivery to a nationally-recognized overnight courier and (iii) on the Business Day actually received if deposited in the U.S. mail (certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid). For purposes of this Agreement, “Business Day” shall mean any day on which the Exchange and commercial banks in the City of New York are open for business.

 

15.           Successors and Assigns. This Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the Company and B. Riley and their respective successors and the affiliates, controlling persons, officers and directors referred to in Section 11 hereof. References to any of the parties contained in this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice shall be deemed to include the successors and permitted assigns of such party. Nothing in this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice, express or implied, is intended to confer upon any party other than the parties hereto or their respective successors and permitted assigns any rights, remedies, obligations or liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement or any such Commitment Advance Notice, except as expressly provided in this Agreement or such Commitment Advance Notice. Neither the Company nor B. Riley may assign its rights or obligations under this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice without the prior written consent of the other party.

 

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16.           Adjustments for Stock Splits. The parties acknowledge and agree that all share-related numbers contained in this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice shall be adjusted to take into account any share consolidation, stock split, stock dividend, corporate domestication or similar event effected with respect to the Placement Shares.

 

17.           Entire Agreement; Amendment; Severability. This Agreement (including all schedules and exhibits attached hereto and Agency Placement Notices issued pursuant hereto), together with any Commitment Advance Notice, constitutes the entire agreement and supersedes all other prior and contemporaneous agreements and undertakings, both written and oral, among the parties hereto with regard to the subject matter hereof. Neither this Agreement nor any term hereof may be amended except pursuant to a written instrument executed by the Company and B. Riley. In the event that any one or more of the provisions contained herein, or the application thereof in any circumstance, is held invalid, illegal or unenforceable as written by a court of competent jurisdiction, then such provision shall be given full force and effect to the fullest possible extent that it is valid, legal and enforceable, and the remainder of the terms and provisions herein shall be construed as if such invalid, illegal or unenforceable term or provision was not contained herein, but only to the extent that giving effect to such provision and the remainder of the terms and provisions hereof shall be in accordance with the intent of the parties as reflected in this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice.

 

18.           GOVERNING LAW AND TIME; WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL. THIS AGREEMENT AND ANY COMMITMENT ADVANCE NOTICE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK WITHOUT REGARD TO THE PRINCIPLES OF CONFLICTS OF LAWS. SPECIFIED TIMES OF DAY REFER TO NEW YORK CITY TIME. THE COMPANY AND THE AGENT EACH HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVE, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY AND ALL RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR BY ANY COMMITMENT ADVANCE NOTICE.

 

19.           CONSENT TO JURISDICTION. EACH PARTY HEREBY IRREVOCABLY SUBMITS TO THE NON-EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION OF THE STATE AND FEDERAL COURTS SITTING IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK, BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN, FOR THE ADJUDICATION OF ANY DISPUTE HEREUNDER OR IN CONNECTION WITH ANY TRANSACTION CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR BY ANY COMMITMENT ADVANCE NOTICE, AND HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES, AND AGREES NOT TO ASSERT IN ANY SUIT, ACTION OR PROCEEDING, ANY CLAIM THAT IT IS NOT PERSONALLY SUBJECT TO THE JURISDICTION OF ANY SUCH COURT, THAT SUCH SUIT, ACTION OR PROCEEDING IS BROUGHT IN AN INCONVENIENT FORUM OR THAT THE VENUE OF SUCH SUIT, ACTION OR PROCEEDING IS IMPROPER. EACH PARTY HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES PERSONAL SERVICE OF PROCESS AND CONSENTS TO PROCESS BEING SERVED IN ANY SUCH SUIT, ACTION OR PROCEEDING BY MAILING A COPY THEREOF (CERTIFIED OR REGISTERED MAIL, RETURN RECEIPT REQUESTED) TO SUCH PARTY AT THE ADDRESS IN EFFECT FOR NOTICES TO IT UNDER THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREES THAT SUCH SERVICE SHALL CONSTITUTE GOOD AND SUFFICIENT SERVICE OF PROCESS AND NOTICE THEREOF. NOTHING CONTAINED HEREIN SHALL BE DEEMED TO LIMIT IN ANY WAY ANY RIGHT TO SERVE PROCESS IN ANY MANNER PERMITTED BY LAW.

 

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20.           Use of Information. B. Riley may not use any information gained in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice, including due diligence, to advise any party with respect to transactions not expressly approved by the Company.

 

21.           Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. Delivery of an executed Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice by one party to the other may be made by email of a .pdf attachment.

 

22.           Effect of Headings. The section, Schedule and Exhibit headings herein are for convenience only and shall not affect the construction hereof.

 

23.           Permitted Free Writing Prospectuses. The Company represents, warrants and agrees that, unless it obtains the prior consent of B. Riley, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, and B. Riley represents, warrants and agrees that, unless it obtains the prior consent of the Company, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, it has not made and will not make any offer relating to the Placement Shares that would constitute an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, or that would otherwise constitute a “free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act, required to be filed with the Commission. Any such free writing prospectus consented to by B. Riley or by the Company, as the case may be, is hereinafter referred to as a “Permitted Free Writing Prospectus.” The Company represents and warrants that it has treated and agrees that it will treat each Permitted Free Writing Prospectus as an “issuer free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 433 under the Securities Act, and has complied and will comply with the requirements of Rule 433 applicable to any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, including timely filing with the Commission where required, legending and record keeping. For the purposes of clarity, the parties hereto agree that all free writing prospectuses, if any, listed in Exhibit 23 hereto are Permitted Free Writing Prospectuses.

 

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24.           Absence of Fiduciary Relationship. The Company acknowledges and agrees that:

 

a.             B. Riley is acting solely as agent in connection with the public offering of the Placement Shares and in connection with each transaction contemplated by this Agreement, including any Principal Transaction, and the process leading to such transactions, and no fiduciary or advisory relationship between the Company or any of its respective affiliates, stockholders (or other equity holders), creditors or employees or any other party, on the one hand, and B. Riley, on the other hand, has been or will be created in respect of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, irrespective of whether or not B. Riley has advised or is advising the Company on other matters, and B. Riley has no obligation to the Company with respect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including any Principal Transaction, except the obligations expressly set forth in this Agreement, including any Commitment Advance Notice;

 

b.             it is capable of evaluating and understanding, and understands and accepts, the terms, risks and conditions of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or any Commitment Advance Notice;

 

c.             B. Riley has not provided any legal, accounting, regulatory or tax advice with respect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including any Commitment Advance Notice, and the Company has consulted its own legal, accounting, regulatory and tax advisors to the extent it has deemed appropriate;

 

d.             it is aware that B. Riley and its affiliates are engaged in a broad range of transactions which may involve interests that differ from those of the Company and B. Riley has no obligation to disclose such interests and transactions to the Company by virtue of any fiduciary, advisory or agency relationship or otherwise; and

 

e.             it waives, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any claims it may have against B. Riley for breach of fiduciary duty or alleged breach of fiduciary duty in connection with the sale of Placement Shares under this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice and agrees that B. Riley shall not have any liability (whether direct or indirect, in contract, tort or otherwise) to it in respect of such a fiduciary duty claim or to any person asserting a fiduciary duty claim on its behalf or in right of it or the Company, employees or creditors of Company, other than in respect of B. Riley’s obligations under this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice and to keep information provided by the Company to B. Riley and its counsel confidential to the extent not otherwise publicly-available.

 

25.           Definitions. As used in this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice, the following terms have the respective meanings set forth below:

 

Applicable Time” means (i) each Representation Date and (ii) the time of each sale of any Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice.

 

Issuer Free Writing Prospectus” means any “issuer free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 433 under the Securities Act, relating to the Placement Shares that (1) is required to be filed with the Commission by the Company, (2) is a “road show” that is a “written communication” within the meaning of Rule 433(d)(8)(i) whether or not required to be filed with the Commission, or (3) is exempt from filing pursuant to Rule 433(d)(5)(i) because it contains a description of the Placement Shares or of the offering that does not reflect the final terms, in each case in the form filed or required to be filed with the Commission or, if not required to be filed, in the form retained in the Company’s records pursuant to Rule 433(g) under the Securities Act.

 

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Rule 172,” “Rule 405,” “Rule 415,” “Rule 424,” “Rule 424(b),” “Rule 430B,” and “Rule 433” refer to such rules under the Securities Act.

 

All references in this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice to financial statements and schedules and other information that is “contained,” “included” or “stated” in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus (and all other references of like import) shall be deemed to mean and include all such financial statements and schedules and other information that is incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, as the case may be.

 

All references in this Agreement to the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing shall be deemed to include the copy filed with the Commission pursuant to EDGAR; all references in this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice to any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus (other than any Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses that, pursuant to Rule 433, are not required to be filed with the Commission) shall be deemed to include the copy thereof filed with the Commission pursuant to EDGAR; and all references in this Agreement and any Commitment Advance Notice to “supplements” to the Prospectus shall include, without limitation, any supplements, “wrappers” or similar materials prepared in connection with any offering, sale or private placement of any Placement Shares by B. Riley outside of the United States.

 

[Remainder of the page intentionally left blank]

 

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If the foregoing correctly sets forth the understanding between the Company and B. Riley, please so indicate in the space provided below for that purpose, whereupon this letter shall constitute a binding agreement between the Company and B. Riley.

 

  Very truly yours,
     
    PLUG POWER, INC.
     
    By: /s/ Paul B. Middleton
      Name: Paul B. Middleton
      Title:   Chief Financial Officer
     
  ACCEPTED as of the date first-above written:
     
    B. RILEY SECURITIES, INC.
     
    By: /s/ Patrice McNicoll
      Name:  Patrice McNicoll
      Title:  Co-Head of Investment Banking

 

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SCHEDULE 1

 

 

 

FORM OF AGENCY PLACEMENT NOTICE

 

 

 

From:             Plug Power Inc.

 

To:                  B. Riley Securities, Inc.

 

Attention:     [•]

 

Subject:         At Market Issuance--Agency Placement Notice

 

Gentlemen:

 

Pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions contained in the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement between Plug Power Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), and B. Riley Securities, Inc. (“B. Riley”), dated January 17, 2024, the Company hereby requests that B. Riley sell up to [____] of the Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, at a minimum market price of $           per share, during the time period beginning [month, day, time] and ending [month, day, time].

 

 

 

SCHEDULE 2

 

 

 

Compensation

 

 

 

The Company shall pay to B. Riley in cash, upon each sale of Agency Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement, an amount up to 3.0% of the gross proceeds from each sale of Agency Placement Shares in an Agency Transaction.

 

The compensation that the Company shall pay to B. Riley for any Principal Transaction shall be pursuant to the terms of any Commitment Advance Notice.

 

 

 

SCHEDULE 2(b)

 

Form of Commitment Advance Notice

 

PLUG POWER INC.

 

Commitment Advance Notice

 

[ ], 20[ ]

 

B. Riley Securities, Inc.

299 Park Avenue, 21st Floor

New York, NY 10171

 

Ladies & Gentlemen:

 

Plug Power Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), proposes, subject to the terms and conditions stated herein and in the At Market Issuance Agreement, dated January 17, 2024 (the “Sales Agreement”), between the Company and B. Riley Securities, Inc. (“B. Riley”), to issue and sell to B. Riley the securities specified in the Schedule hereto (the “Purchased Securities”) at any time after the date first above written (the “Commencement Date”) pursuant to the terms and conditions in the Schedule. Unless otherwise defined below, terms defined in the Sales Agreement shall have the same meanings when used herein.

 

Each of the provisions of the Sales Agreement not specifically related to the solicitation by B. Riley, as agent of the Company, of offers to purchase securities is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety, and shall be deemed to be part of this Commitment Advance Notice to the same extent as if such provisions had been set forth in full herein. Each of the representations, warranties and agreements set forth therein shall be deemed to have been made as of the date of this Commitment Advance Notice and the Settlement Date set forth in the Schedule hereto (unless such representation or warranty specifies a different date or time, then as of such date or time).

 

Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein and in the Sales Agreement which are incorporated herein by reference, the Company agrees to issue and sell to B. Riley, and B. Riley agrees to purchase from the Company, the Purchased Securities at the time and place and at the purchase price set forth in the Schedule hereto.

 

Notwithstanding any provision of the Sales Agreement or this Commitment Advance Notice to the contrary, the Company consents to B. Riley trading in the Common Stock for B. Riley’s own account and for the account of its clients at the same time as sales of the Purchased Securities occur pursuant to this Commitment Advance Notice.

 

 

 

Schedule to Commitment Advance Notice

 

Defined Terms

For purposes of this Commitment Advance Notice, in addition to the defined terms specified in the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, the following capitalized terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them below:

 

“Aggregate Commitment Advance Amount” means $1,000,000,000, which is the maximum aggregate Commitment Advance Purchases which may be executed under this Commitment Advance Notice; provided, however, in no event shall the total amount of Placement Shares issued under the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement exceed the Maximum Amount.

 

Bloomberg” means Bloomberg, L.P.

 

Closing Sale Price means, for the Common Stock as of any date, the last closing trade price for the Common Stock on the Trading Market (or, if the Common Stock is then listed on an Eligible Market, on such Eligible Market), as reported by Bloomberg, or, if the Trading Market (or such Eligible Market, as applicable) begins to operate on an extended hours basis and does not designate the closing trade price for the Common Stock, then the last trade price for the Common Stock prior to 4:00 p.m., New York City time, as reported by Bloomberg. All such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations or other similar transactions during such period.

 

Commitment Advance Notice Date” means the Trading Day on which B. Riley timely receives, (A) after 6:00 a.m., New York City time, and (B) prior to 9:00 a.m., New York City time, on such Trading Day, a valid Commitment Advance Notice for a Commitment Advance Purchase subject to the conditions precedent contained in the Agreement.

 

Commitment Advance Purchase” means a principal purchase by B. Riley pursuant to this Commitment Advance Notice.

 

Commitment Advance Purchase Amount” means the number or dollar value of Principal Placement Shares specified in the applicable Commitment Advance Notice.

 

“Commitment Advance Purchase Period Commencement Time” means with respect to an Commitment Advance Purchase, the time that is B. Riley’s timely receipt from the Company of the applicable Commitment Advance Notice for such Commitment Advance Purchase.

 

“Commitment Advance Purchase Period” The period, beginning at the applicable Commitment Advance Purchase Commencement Time and ending at the applicable Commitment Advance Purchase Ending Time for such Commitment Advance Purchase.

 

“Commitment Advance Purchase Period Ending Time” means 3:59 p.m., New York City time, on the date of the applicable Commitment Advance Notice Date for a Commitment Advance Purchase, or such earlier time publicly announced by the Trading Market as the official close of the primary (or “regular”) trading session on the Company’s trading market on such date.

 

 

 

 

“Commitment Advance Purchase Price” The purchase price per share of Common Stock to be purchased by B. Riley for a Commitment Advance Purchase, equal to the product of (A) 0.95, multiplied by (B) the arithmetic average of the daily VWAP for the applicable Commitment Advance Purchase Period (excluding the opening and closing prints).

 

Eligible Market” means The Nasdaq Capital Market, The Nasdaq Global Market, The Nasdaq Global Select Market or the NYSE American (or any nationally recognized successor to any of the foregoing).

 

Maximum Commitment Advance Purchase Amount” means $10,000,000; provided however only one Commitment Advance Purchase may be requested per day, and in no event on consecutive calendar days, unless otherwise agreed to by B. Riley. Notwithstanding the forgoing, the aggregate Commitment Advance Purchases in a calendar week, inclusive of any sales of Agency Placement Shares in Agency Transactions pursuant to the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, shall not exceed $30,000,000. For the avoidance of doubt, the maximum principal obligation of B. Riley hereunder is conditioned only upon the issuance of the Principal Placement Shares in accordance with the contractual terms of this provision and shall accrete over time with each Commitment Advance Notice issued under this Agreement such that at any instance in time under this Agreement the total accrued obligations of B. Riley as of any Commitment Advance Notice Date is the aggregate sum of all Commitment Advance Purchases made by B. Riley hereunder less the total amount of Principal Placement Shares sold by B. Riley prior to such date.

 

 

 

 

“Purchase Date” means the date upon which the Commitment Advance Purchase Period Ending Time occurs.

 

Sale Price” means any trade price for a share of Common Stock on the Trading Market, or if the Common Stock is then traded on an Eligible Market, on such Eligible Market, as reported by Bloomberg.

 

Trading Market” means The Nasdaq Capital Market (or any nationally recognized successor thereto).

 

Commitment Advance Purchases:

On any Commitment Advance Notice Date, subject to the satisfaction of all of the conditions set forth in the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, B. Riley is obligated to accept each Commitment Advance Notice prepared and delivered by the Company in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. The Company shall have the right, but not the obligation, to direct B. Riley, by its timely delivery to B. Riley of a Commitment Advance Notice for a Commitment Advance Purchase on the applicable Commitment Advance Notice Date therefor, to purchase a specified Commitment Advance Purchase Amount, which shall not exceed the applicable Maximum Commitment Advance Purchase Amount, at the applicable Commitment Advance Purchase Price therefor as calculated during Commitment Advance Purchase Period in accordance with this Agreement (each such purchase, a “Commitment Advance Purchase”). The Company may timely deliver to B. Riley a Commitment Advance Notice for a Commitment Advance Purchase on any Trading Day selected by the Company as the Purchase Date for such Commitment Advance Purchase, so long as all Principal Placement Shares subject to all prior Commitment Advance Purchases pursuant to this Agreement have been received by B. Riley via DTC through its Deposit/Withdrawal at Custodian (“DWAC”) delivery system (“DWAC Shares”) prior to the Company’s delivery to B. Riley of such Commitment Advance Notice for such Commitment Advance Purchase on such Purchase Date.

 

 

 

 

If the Company delivers any Commitment Advance Notice directing B. Riley to purchase a Commitment Advance Purchase Amount in excess of either (x) the applicable Maximum Commitment Advance Purchase Amount, (y) the Maximum Amount, or (z) the Aggregate Commitment Advance Amount that the Company is then permitted to include in such Commitment Advance Notice, such Commitment Advance Notice shall be void ab initio to the extent of the amount by which the Commitment Advance Purchase Amount set forth in such Commitment Advance Notice exceeds the (x) Maximum Commitment Advance Purchase Amount, (y) the Maximum Amount, or (z) the Aggregate Commitment Advance Amount, and B. Riley shall have no obligation to purchase, and shall not purchase, such excess Principal Placement Shares pursuant to such Commitment Advance Notice. At or prior to 5:30 p.m., New York City time, on the Purchase Date for each Commitment Advance Purchase, B. Riley shall provide to the Company, by email correspondence to each of the individual notice recipients of the Company set forth in the applicable Commitment Advance Notice, a written confirmation for such Commitment Advance Purchase, setting forth the applicable Commitment Advance Purchase Price per Share to be paid by B. Riley for the Principal Placement Shares purchased by B. Riley in such Commitment Advance Purchase, and the total aggregate Commitment Advance Purchase Price to be paid by B. Riley for the total Commitment Advance Purchase Amount purchased by B. Riley in such Commitment Advance Purchase.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company shall not deliver any Commitment Advance Notices to B. Riley during any period in which it is not permitted to make sales of Placement Shares under the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement.

 

 

 

Settlement The Principal Placement Shares constituting the applicable Commitment Advance Purchase Amount purchased by B. Riley in each Commitment Advance Purchase shall be delivered to B. Riley as DWAC Shares not later than 10:00 a.m., New York City time, on the Trading Day immediately following the Purchase Date for such Commitment Advance Purchase (the “Purchase Share Delivery Date”). For each Commitment Advance Purchase, B. Riley shall pay to the Company an amount in cash equal to the product of (1) the total number of Shares purchased by B. Riley in such Commitment Advance Purchase and (2) the applicable Commitment Advance Purchase Price for such Shares, as full payment for such Shares purchased by B. Riley in such Commitment Advance Purchase, via wire transfer of immediately available funds, not later than 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the Trading Day immediately following the applicable Purchase Share Delivery Date for such Commitment Advance Purchase, provided B. Riley shall have timely received, as DWAC Shares, all of such Shares purchased by B. Riley in such Commitment Advance Purchase on such Purchase Share Delivery Date in accordance with the first sentence of this section, or, if any of such Shares are received by B. Riley after 1:00 p.m., New York City time, then the Company’s receipt of such funds in its designated account may occur on the Trading Day next following the Trading Day on which B. Riley shall have received all of such Shares as DWAC Shares, but not later than 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on such next Trading Day. If the Company or its transfer agent shall fail for any reason to deliver to B. Riley, as DWAC Shares, any Shares purchased by B. Riley in a Commitment Advance Purchase prior to 10:00 a.m., New York City time, on the Trading Day immediately following the applicable Purchase Share Delivery Date for such Commitment Advance Purchase, and if on or after such Trading Day B. Riley purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by B. Riley of such Shares that B. Riley anticipated receiving from the Company on such Purchase Share Delivery Date in respect of such Commitment Advance Purchase, then the Company shall, within one (1) Trading Day after B. Riley’s request, either (i) pay cash to B. Riley in an amount equal to B. Riley’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased (the “Cover Price”), at which point the Company’s obligation to deliver such Shares as DWAC Shares shall terminate, or (ii) promptly honor its obligation to deliver to B. Riley such Shares as DWAC Shares and pay cash to B. Riley in an amount equal to the excess (if any) of the Cover Price over the total purchase price paid by B. Riley pursuant to this Agreement for all of the Principal Placement Shares purchased by B. Riley in such Commitment Advance Purchase. The Company shall not issue any fraction of a share of Common Stock to B. Riley in connection with any Commitment Advance Purchase effected pursuant to this Agreement.  If the issuance would result in the issuance of a fraction of a share of Common Stock, the Company shall round such fraction of a share of Common Stock up or down to the nearest whole share. All payments to be made by B. Riley pursuant to this Agreement shall be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds to such account as the Company may from time to time designate by written notice to B. Riley in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement.

 

 

 

Compliance

The Company shall not issue or sell any shares of Common Stock pursuant to this Commitment Advance Notice if such issuance or sale would reasonably be expected to result in (A) a violation of the Securities Act or (B) a breach of the rules of the Trading Market (or any applicable Eligible Market). The provisions of this section shall be implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this section only if necessary to ensure compliance with the Securities Act and the applicable rules of the Trading Market.

 

The Company shall not issue or sell any shares of Common Stock in excess of the Maximum Amount.

   
Conditions The Company’s right to deliver any Commitment Advance Notices to B. Riley is conditioned on: (i) the Registration Statement shall be effective; (ii) trading in the Common Stock on the Trading Market shall not be suspended by the Trading Market or the SEC, (iii) the Common Stock shall not have been delisted from the Trading Market (unless immediately thereafter listed on an Eligible Market), (iv) the Company shall not have failed to deliver shares of Common Stock to B. Riley on the applicable Principal Settlement Date on which B. Riley was entitled to receive such shares, (v) the Company’s representations and warranties shall be true and correct in all material respects, and the Company shall have performed all of its covenants required to be performed at or prior to the applicable time; and (viii) the satisfaction of all applicable conditions precedent and requirements set forth in the At Market Issuance Agreement.  

 

 

 

SCHEDULE 3

 

 

 

Notice Parties

 

 

 

The Company

 

Andrew J. Marsh                 amarsh@plugpower.com

 

Paul B. Middleton                pmiddleton@plugpower.com

 

Gerard L. Conway, Jr.         gconway@plugpower.com

 

Martin D. Hull                       mhull@plugpower.com

 

Sanjay Shrestha                    SShrestha@plugpower.com

 

B. Riley Securities

 

Matthew Feinberg                mfeinberg@brileyfin.com

 

Patrice McNicoll                   pmcnicoll@brileyfin.com

 

Keith Pompliano                   kpompliano@brileyfin.com

 

Scott Ammaturo                   sammaturo@brileyfin.com

 

with a copy to atmdesk@brileyfin.com

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 7(l)
Form of Representation Date Certificate

___________, 20___

 

This Representation Date Certificate (this “Certificate”) is executed and delivered in connection with Section 7(l) of the At Market Issuance Sales Agreement (the “Agreement”), dated January 17, 2024, and entered into between Plug Power Inc. (the “Company”) and B. Riley Securities, Inc. (the “Agent”). All capitalized terms used but not defined herein shall have the meanings given to such terms in the Agreement.

 

The Company hereby certifies as follows:

 

1.             As of the date of this Certificate, (i) the Registration Statement does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein not misleading, (ii) neither the Registration Statement nor the Prospectus contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading and (iii) no event has occurred as a result of which it is necessary to amend or supplement the Prospectus in order to make the statements therein not untrue or misleading for this paragraph 1 to be true.

 

2.             Each of the representations and warranties of the Company contained in the Agreement are, as of the date of this Certificate (unless such representation or warranty specifies a different date or time, then as of such date or time), true and correct in all material respects.

 

3.             Except as waived by B. Riley in writing, each of the covenants required to be performed by the Company in the Agreement on or prior to the date of the Agreement, this Representation Date, and each such other date prior to the date hereof as set forth in the Agreement, has been duly, timely and fully performed in all material respects and each condition required to be complied with by the Company on or prior to the date of the Agreement, this Representation Date, and each such other date prior to the date hereof as set forth in the Agreement has been duly, timely and fully complied with in all material respects.

 

4.             Subsequent to the date of the most recent financial statements in the Prospectus, and except as described in the Prospectus, including the Incorporated Documents, there has been no Material Adverse Effect.

 

5.             No stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement has been issued, and no proceedings for that purpose have been instituted or are pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened by any securities or other governmental authority (including, without limitation, the Commission).

 

The undersigned has executed this Representation Date Certificate as of the date first written above.

 

[Signature Page Follows]

 

 

 

  PLUG POWER INC.
   
  By:           
  Name:
  Title:

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 23

 

Permitted Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses

 

None.

 

 

 

Exhibit 5.1

 

January 17, 2024

 

Plug Power Inc.

968 Albany-Shaker Road

Latham, NY 12110

 

Re:      Securities Registered under Registration Statement on Form S-3

 

We have acted as counsel to you in connection with your filing of a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-265488) (as amended or supplemented, the “Registration Statement”) filed on June 8, 2022 with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), relating to the registration of the offering by Plug Power Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) of any combination of securities of the types specified therein. The Registration Statement became effective upon filing with the Commission on June 8, 2022. Reference is made to our opinion letter dated June 8, 2033 and included as Exhibit 5.1 to the Registration Statement. We are delivering this supplemental opinion letter in connection with the prospectus supplement (the “Prospectus Supplement”) filed on January 17, 2024 by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424 under the Securities Act. The Prospectus Supplement relates to the offering by the Company of up to $1,000,000,000 in shares (the “Shares”) of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Common Stock”), covered by the Registration Statement. The Shares are being offered and sold by the sales agent named in, and pursuant to, an at market issuance sales agreement between the Company and such sales agent (the “Sales Agreement”).

 

We have reviewed such documents and made such examination of law as we have deemed appropriate to give the opinion set forth below. We have relied, without independent verification, on certificates of public officials and, as to matters of fact material to the opinion set forth below, on certificates of officers of the Company.

 

For purposes of the opinion set forth below, we have assumed that the Shares are issued for a price per share equal to or greater than the minimum price authorized by the Company’s board of directors prior to the date hereof (the “Minimum Price”) and that no event occurs that causes the number of authorized shares of Common Stock available for issuance by the Company to be less than the number of then unissued Shares that may be issued for the Minimum Price.

 

For purposes of the opinion set forth below, we refer to the following as “Approval and Issuance”: (a) the approval by the Company’s board of directors (or a duly authorized committee of the board of directors) of the issuance of the Shares (the “Approval”) and (b) the issuance of the Shares in accordance with the Approval and the receipt by the Company of the consideration (which shall not be less than the par value of such Shares) to be paid in accordance with the Approval.

 

 

 

 

Plug Power Inc.

January 17, 2024

Page 2

 

The opinion set forth below is limited to the Delaware General Corporation Law.

 

Based on the foregoing, we are of the opinion that the Shares have been duly authorized and, upon Approval and Issuance, will be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

 

This opinion is being furnished to you for submission to the Commission as an exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K relating to the Shares (the “Current Report”), which is incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement. We hereby consent to the filing of this opinion letter as an exhibit to the Current Report and its incorporation by reference and the reference to our firm in that report. In giving our consent, we do not admit that we are in the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

  Very truly yours,
   
  /s/ GOODWIN PROCTER LLP
  GOODWIN PROCTER LLP

 

 

v3.23.4
Cover
Jan. 17, 2024
Cover [Abstract]  
Document Type 8-K
Amendment Flag false
Document Period End Date Jan. 17, 2024
Entity File Number 1-34392
Entity Registrant Name Plug Power Inc.
Entity Central Index Key 0001093691
Entity Tax Identification Number 22-3672377
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code DE
Entity Address, Address Line One 968 Albany Shaker Road
Entity Address, City or Town Latham
Entity Address, State or Province NY
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 12110
City Area Code 518
Local Phone Number 782-7700
Written Communications false
Soliciting Material false
Pre-commencement Tender Offer false
Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer false
Title of 12(b) Security Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
Trading Symbol PLUG
Security Exchange Name NASDAQ
Entity Emerging Growth Company false

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