BEIJING, March 19,
2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Carrying his fellow villagers'
hopes and expectations, Long Xianwen of the Miao ethnic group,
headed to Beijing from his remote
village in central China's
Hunan Province in early March, to
discuss social and economic development with Chinese leaders and
the nearly 3,000 other deputies to China's national legislature.
As a deputy to the 14th National People's Congress (NPC), Long
brought his proposal on supporting the development of deep
integration of the tea tourism industry in Hunan's Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous
What distinguishes Chinese democracy from the West's largely
money politics and power-for-money deals is its essence — that the
Chinese people are the masters of the country.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has said that whether a country is
democratic depends on whether its people are truly the masters of
the country; whether the people have the right to vote, and more
importantly, the right to participate extensively.
The composition of deputies to people's congresses offers
insight into why China's
whole-process people's democracy ensures people's status as the
Extensive and universal
In China, there are five levels
of people's congresses – township, county, city, provincial and
national levels. Till now, 2.77 million people have served as
deputies to people's congresses at all levels nationwide.
Among them, those at county and township levels accounted for 95
percent of the total, who are elected directly by people in their
districts. The upper three levels of deputies are elected by their
In the latest election, more than 2.6 million new deputies have
been elected to people's congresses in townships and county-level
regions, following the conclusion of local elections in last
According to statistics, 921 million voters, accounting for
86.49 percent of registered voters, cast their votes in the
election of deputies to the county-level people's congress.
Meanwhile, 623 million voters, accounting for 85.63 percent of
registered voters, voted in the election of deputies to the
township-level people's congresses.
Since the initiation of reform and opening-up, China has held 12 direct elections to people's
congresses at the township level and 11 direct elections to those
at the county level.
Making full use of their close connections with the people,
these deputies diligently fulfill their duties by soliciting and
submitting people's suggestions and advice through various forms
Full representatives of the people
The annual people's congresses are first held from the
grassroots level, up at township, county, city, and provincial
levels and then at the highest national level, to take full
cognizance of the people's aspirations and report them to upper
The deputies to the 14th NPC, elected from 35 electoral units
across the country, make up a broad cross-section of people, with
every region, ethnic group and sector of society having an
appropriate number of representatives.
According to the 14th NPC Standing Committee, among the total
2,977 deputies, 442 are from ethnic minorities, representing all of
China's 55 ethnic minority
The lineup includes 790 female deputies, accounting for 26.54
percent of the total, up 1.64 percentage points from the 13th
A total of 497 deputies are workers and farmers. Their share has
grown by nearly one percentage point to 16.69 percent of total
Technical personnel, altogether 634 in number, make up 21.3
percent of all deputies, with a 0.73-percentage-point increase from
the previous NPC.
A total of 969 deputies are the Communist Party of China and government officials, whose share
has dropped by 1.38 percentage points to 32.55 percent.
There are also 36 deputies elected from the Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region (SAR) and 12 from the Macao SAR. Thirteen
deputies representing Taiwan
Province also sit on the national legislature. Forty-two deputies
represent overseas Chinese who have returned to the motherland.
Representing the people's will, the NPC deputies have discussed
plans for national development and issues affecting people's lives,
and put the people's expectations at the top of the agenda on state
matters. Many of their motions and proposals have been carefully
reviewed at the annual NPC session and then included into policy
decisions of state organs.