Selecting significant research specialties in
sciences and social sciences
LONDON, Jan. 3, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Clarivate
Plc (NYSE: CLVT), a global leader in providing trusted
information and insights to accelerate the pace of innovation, and
the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) today released
Research Fronts 2022, their ninth annual
collaborative report. The report identifies significant areas in
the world of sciences and social sciences as to where the
scientific community is focusing its attention, including several
COVID-related fronts and areas mirrored by the research fields of
Noble Prize in recent years.
In the report, "Research Fronts" are defined when scientists
undertake the fundamental scholarly act of citing one another's
work, reflecting a specific commonality in their research –
sometimes experimental data, or a method, a concept or hypothesis.
Research Fronts are discovered by tracking the world's most
significant scientific and scholarly literature and the patterns
and groupings of how papers are cited – in particular, clusters of
papers that are frequently cited together over a five-year period.
A Research Front is then formed when such a group of highly cited
papers attains a certain level of activity and coherence.
For the report, experts used the Clarivate Essential Science
Indicators (ESI)™ database which is built on the foundation of
the Web of Science™ index, to conduct co-citation analysis.
The 2022 report starts with 12,610 Research Fronts in the ESI™ from
2016 to 2021 and aims to discover which Research Fronts were most
active or developing most rapidly.
Research Fronts offer a unique vantage point from which to watch
science unfold – not relying on the possibly subjective judgments
of an indexer or cataloguer, but instead on the cognitive and
social connections that scientists themselves forge when citing one
another's work. Analysis of the associated citing papers also
provides a tool for unveiling the latest progress and the evolving
direction of scientific fields.
This year's report identified 165 Research Fronts, including 110
'hot' and 55 'emerging' fronts spanning in 11 broad areas. As with
last year, more than one third of the Research Fronts identified
this year are related to COVID-19, such as 'side effects and
effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines against variants'. Several
Research Fronts well reflected the research fields of Noble Prize
recipients in the recent years, such as 'the properties of
GW190814's secondary component with 2.6 solar mass'. Experts at
CAS analyzed and interpreted all the Research Fronts to further
highlight 32 key Research Fronts and one key Research Front
"It has truly been a privilege for us to work with the Chinese
Academy of Sciences on this important report since 2014.
Identification of these significant research specialties provides a
distinct advantage for those who seek to monitor, support and
advance the conduct of the research, often in the face of finite
resources," said Steen
Lomholt-Thomsen, Chief Revenue Officer, Clarivate. "At
Clarivate, our vision is to improve the way the world creates,
protects and advances innovation. We look forward to continuing
working in partnership with global research organizations to
advance the world of sciences."
Gao Hongjun, Vice President of CAS said: "The world is facing
unprecedented changes and a new round of revolution in science and
technology and transformation in industries. We need to strengthen
collaboration to address to the key global issues. The Chinese
Academy of Sciences will enhance its role as a national strategic
science and technology force and high-level think tank, focus on
strategic research, and better support China's objectives in improving its science
and technology levels continually."
In conjunction with the Research Fronts 2022 report, Clarivate
and CAS also published 2022 Research Fronts: Active
Fields, Leading Countries to examine and compare national
performance across the 165 Research Fronts. It reveals that the US
remains the leading nation for research in 11 areas of sciences and
social sciences. The gap between the US and China has been reduced. Other top 10 countries
in terms of performance in these Research Fronts are UK,
Germany, France, Italy, Australia, Spain, Canada, and Switzerland.
Learn more about this year's report and the highlighted Research
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About the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Academy of Sciences (CAS) is the linchpin of China's drive to explore and harness high
technology and the natural sciences for the benefit of China and the world. Comprising a
comprehensive research and development network, a merit-based
learned society and a system of higher education, CAS brings
together scientists and engineers from China and around the world to address both
theoretical and applied problems using world-class scientific and
management approaches. Since its founding, CAS has fulfilled
multiple roles — as a national team and a locomotive driving
national technological innovation, a pioneer in supporting
nationwide S&T development, a think tank delivering S&T
advice, and a community for training young S&T talent. For more
information, please visit http://english.cas.cn/.
Media contact: Jack Wan, Director, External