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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 6-K

 

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN ISSUER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16

UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the month of October, 2022

Commission file number: 1-10110

 

 

BANCO BILBAO VIZCAYA ARGENTARIA, S.A.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

BANK BILBAO VIZCAYA ARGENTARIA, S.A.

(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

 

 

Calle Azul 4,

28050 Madrid

Spain

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F:

Form 20-F             X                             Form 40-F

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):

Yes                                      No                 X

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):

Yes                                     No                 X

 

 

 


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Main data

 

BBVA GROUP MAIN DATA (CONSOLIDATED FIGURES)  
      30-09-22      Δ  %      30-09-21      31-12-21  
Balance sheet (millions of euros)                                    
Total assets      738,680        13.8        649,261        662,885  
Loans and advances to customers (gross)      373,765        14.0        327,968        330,055  
Deposits from customers      389,705        14.3        340,828        349,761  
Total customer funds      540,210        12.1        481,734        496,954  
Total equity      49,897        (1.3)        50,567        48,760  
Income statement (millions of euros)                                    
Net interest income      13,811        29.0        10,708        14,686  
Gross income      18,366        17.8        15,589        21,066  
Operating income      10,494        21.8        8,613        11,536  
Net attributable profit (loss)      4,842        46.2        3,311        4,653  
Adjusted net attributable profit (loss) (1)      5,044        35.3        3,727        5,069  
The BBVA share and share performance ratios                                    
Number of shares issued (million) (2)      6,030        (9.6)        6,668        6,668  
Share price (euros)      4.62        (19.2)        5.72        5.25  
Adjusted earning (loss) per share (euros) (1)      0.80        54.1        0.52        0.71  
Earning (loss) per share (euros) (1)      0.74        61.9        0.46        0.67  
Book value per share (euros) (1)      7.68        13.7        6.76        6.86  
Tangible book value per share (euros) (1)      7.31        14.0        6.41        6.52  
Market capitalization (millions of euros)      27,862        (26.9)        38,120        35,006  
Dividend yield (dividend/price; %) (1) (3)      6.7           1.0        2.6  
Significant ratios (%)                                    
Adjusted ROE (net attributable profit (loss)/average shareholders’ funds +/- average accumulated other comprehensive income) (1)      15.0           11.1        11.4  
Adjusted ROTE (net attributable profit (loss)/average shareholders’ funds excluding average intangible assets +/- average accumulated other comprehensive income) (1)      15.7           11.7        12.0  
Adjusted ROA (Profit (loss) for the period / average total assets - ATA) (1)      1.03           0.94        0.94  
Adjusted RORWA (Profit (loss) for the period / average risk-weighted assets - RWA) (1)      2.18           1.99        2.01  
Efficiency ratio (1)      42.9           44.7        45.2  
Cost of risk (1)      0.86           0.92        0.93  
NPL Ratio (1)      3.5           4.0        4.1  
NPL coverage ratio (1)      83           80        75  
Capital adequacy ratios (%)                                    
CET1 fully-loaded      12.45           14.48        12.75  
CET1 phased-in (4)      12.55           14.71        12.98  
Total ratio phased-in (4)      16.07           19.17        17.24  
Other information                                    
Number of clients (million)      87.4        8.4        80.6        82.2  
Number of shareholders      813,683        (2.8)        836,979        826,835  
Number of employees      114,311        1.1        113,117        110,432  
Number of branches      6,050        (4.6)        6,344        6,083  
Number of ATMs      29,621        2.4        28,920        29,148  

(1) For more information, see Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this report.

(2) The number of shares issued as of 30-09-22 takes into account the redemption of 357 million shares, corresponding to the second tranche of the share buyback program.

(3) Calculated by dividing the dividends paid in the last twelve months by the closing price of the period.

(4) Phased-in ratios include the temporary treatment on the impact of IFRS 9, calculated in accordance with Article 473 bis amendments of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR), introduced by the Regulation (EU) 2020/873.


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Contents

 

Highlights

     4  

Macroeconomic environment

     9  

Group

     10  

Results

     10  

Balance sheet and business activity

     16  

Solvency

     18  

Risk management

     21  

Business areas

     26  

Spain

     29  

Mexico

     32  

Turkey

     35  

South America

     38  

Rest of Business

     43  

Corporate Center

     46  

Other information: Corporate & Investment Banking

     48  

Alternative Performance Measures (APMs)

     51  


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Highlights

Invasion of Ukraine

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the largest military attack on a European state since World War II, has had an immediate impact on geopolitics and the global economy. There has also been an increase in the level of uncertainty and tensions, which remains high at the date of elaboration of this report. The European Union, the United States, the United Kingdom and other governments have imposed harsh sanctions against Russia and Russian interests, and additional sanctions and controls cannot be ruled out. The impact of these measures, as well as the potential response by Russia, are currently uncertain and could negatively affect the Bank’s business, financial position and results, although the Group’s direct exposure to Ukraine and Russia is limited.

The Group observes this events with particular concern and unease because of the human tragedy that they entail.

Results and business activity

The BBVA Group generated a net attributable profit excluding non-recurring impacts of 5,044m in the first nine months of 2022, representing a year-on-year variation of +35.3%. Including those non-recurring impacts, i.e. -201m from the purchase of offices in Spain from Merlin in June 2022 and -416m from the results of discontinued operations corresponding to BBVA USA and the companies sold to PNC on June 1, 2021, together with the net cost related to the restructuring process of the same year, the Group’s net attributable profit increased by 46.2% year-on-year.

Recurring income from banking activity (net interest income and commissions) continues to show an excellent performance, reflecting the good performance of activity and improvement in the customer spread, fostered by a more favorable interest rate environment.

Operating expenses increased at Group level (+12.8%, in an environment of high inflation in all countries in which BBVA operates. Notwithstanding the above, thanks to the remarkable growth in gross income, higher than that of expenses, the efficiency ratio stood at 42.9% as of September 30, 2022, with an improvement of 249 basis points in constant terms, compared to the ratio as of September 30, 2021, placing BBVA once again, in a leading position among its European peer group1.

The provisions for impairment on financial assets increased (+6.4% in year-on-year terms and at constant exchange rates), with higher provisions in Turkey and Mexico.

Loans and advances to customers grew by 13.4% compared to the end of December 2021, strongly favored by the evolution of corporate loans in all business areas and, to a lesser extent, by the dynamism of retail loans.

Customer funds increased by 8.7% compared to the end of December 2021, thanks to the contribution of demand deposits (+7.4%) and time deposits (+32.6%), showing an outstanding growth in the quarter.

 

  LOANS AND ADVANCES TO CUSTOMERS AND TOTAL

  CUSTOMER FUNDS (VARIATION COMPARED TO 31-12-2021)

 

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1 European peer group: Barclays, BNP Paribas, Crédit Agricole, Commerzbank, Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, Intesa Sanpaolo, Lloyds Banking Group, Natwest, Banco Santander, Société Générale, UBS and Unicredit, data at the end of June 2022.


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Business areas

As for the business areas, excluding the effect of currency fluctuation in those areas where it has an impact, in each of them it is worth mentioning:

 

 

Spain generated a net attributable profit of 1,514m between January and September of 2022, up 27.1% from the result achieved in the same period of the previous year, due to the dynamism of recurring income from banking activity (net interest income and fees) and net trading income (NTI), which together with lower operating expenses and provisions, have driven the year-on-year evolution. This result does not include the net impact of -201m from the purchase of Merlin Properties, SOCIMI, S.A. (hereinafter Merlin) of 100% of the shares of Tree Inversiones Inmobiliarias Socimi, S.A. (hereafter Tree), owner of 662 offices leased to BBVA. Including this impact, the area’s net attributable profit amounts to 1,312m, an increase of 10.2% compared to the net attributable profit of the same period of the previous year.

 

 

In Mexico, BBVA achieved a net attributable profit of 2,964m between January and September 2022, representing an increase of 47.5% compared to the first nine months of 2021, mainly as a result of the dynamism of the net interest income.

 

 

Turkey generated a net attributable profit of 336m between January and September 2022, which includes the application of hyperinflation accounting in Turkey, with effect from January 1, 2022

 

 

South America generated a net attributable profit of 614m in the first nine months of 2022, which represents a year-on-year variation of +98.3%, mainly due to the improved performance of recurring income (+50.0%) and NTI.

 

 

Rest of Business achieved a net attributable profit of 183m accumulated at the end of the first nine months of 2022, 24.8% less than in the first nine months of the previous year, mainly due to the performance of the Group’s businesses in the United States.

The Corporate Center recorded a net attributable loss of -566m in the first nine months of 2022. This result compares positively to -817m recorded in the same period of the previous year, although it should be taken into account that this figure included the net costs associated with the restructuring process in Spain carried out by the Group in 2021, in addition to the results generated by the Group’s businesses in the United States until their sale to PNC on June 1, 2021.

Lastly and for a broader understanding of the Group’s activity and results, supplementary information is provided below for the wholesale business carried out by BBVA, Corporate & Investment Banking (CIB), in the countries where it operates. CIB generated a net attributable profit of 1,353m in the first nine months of 2022. These results, which do not include the application of hyperinflation accounting, represent an increase of 45.5% on a year-on-year basis, due to the growth in recurring income and NTI, which comfortably offset the higher expenses and provisions for impairment on financial assets. It should also be noted that all business lines of the CIB area recorded growth compared to the first nine months of 2021, both in revenues and net attributable profit.

 

NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) (MILLIONS OF EUROS)      

NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT BREAKDOWN (1)

(PERCENTAGE. JAN.-SEP. 2022)

 

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General note: Jan-Sep.22 excludes net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain. Jan-Sep.21 excludes BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States sold to PNC and the net cost of the restructuring process.    

(1) Excludes the Corporate Center and net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain.

Solvency

The Group’s CET1 Fully-loaded ratio stood at 12.45% as of September 30, 2022, which allows to maintain a large management buffer over the Group’s CET1 requirement (8.60%), and also above the Group’s established target management range of 11.5-12.0% of CET1.


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Share buyback program

 

 

On August 19, 2022 BBVA announced the end of the execution of its share buyback program once the maximum number of shares established in the terms and conditions announced on November 19, 2021 had been reached. Thus, the Bank has successfully concluded its share buyback program, having acquired a total of 637,770,016 shares, for an amount of 3,160m.

 

 

On September 30, 2022, the redemption of the 356,551,306 shares acquired by the Bank in execution of the second tranche of the share buyback program was announced.

 

EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAM FOR THE BUYBACK OF SHARES

 

     
Tranche    Segment    Completion date      Number of shares      % of share            
capital*
     Disbursement          

First tranche

          March 3        281,218,710        4.2        1,500  

Second tranche

  

First segment

 

    

 

May 16

 

 

 

    

 

206,554,498

 

 

 

    

 

3.1

 

 

 

    

 

1,000

 

 

 

  

 

 
   Second segment      August 19        149,996,808        2.3        660  

    

              

Total

           637,770,016        9.6        3,160  

*As of the date of tranche closure.    

 

REDEMPTION OF SHARES

 

     
Tranche    Date                   

Number of redeemed shares        

 

First tranche

   June 15                                 281,218,710  

Second tranche

   September 30                                 356,551,306  

    

              

Total

                 637,770,016  

Dividend

 

 

On September 29, 2022, BBVA informed that its Board of Directors approved the payment in cash of 0.12 gross per share, as gross interim dividend against 2022 results, which was paid on October 11, 2022.

Sustainability

Channeling sustainable business

 

SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS BREAKDOWN (PERCENTAGE. TOTAL AMOUNT CHANNELED 2018-SEPTEMBER 2022)

 

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*Socially responsible investing.


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BBVA has channeled a total of 124,000m in sustainable business between 2018 and September 2022. Close to 13,000m were channeled this quarter, which represents an increase of nearly 60% compared to the same period in 2021.

Within the channeling of sustainable business, which aims to promote the fight against climate change, the contribution of loans and the funding of projects stands out, which account for 78% of the amount channeled at the end of September 2022. It should be considered that these products have had a standard amortization rate since the beginning of their channeling. Third-party bond brokerage, a business activity that is registered off-balance sheet, represents 18% of the channeled business linked to the fight against climate change. Finally, mutual funds and other off-balance sheet products such as insurance and pension funds, represent

4%.

For its part, within the channeling of sustainable business, which aims to promote inclusive growth, loans and project financing account for 59% of the total amount channeled at the end of September 2022, showing a standard amortization rate since the beginning of its channeling. Third-party bond brokerage represents 14%, while mutual funds and other off-balance sheet products such as insurance and pension funds represent 6%. Finally, the activity of the Microfinance Foundation (BBVAMF), not recorded in the BBVA Group’s balance sheet, whose objective is to support entrepreneurs with micro-credits, represent 21%.

The good performance of retail business related to energy efficiency stands out, which has doubled in the third quarter of 2022 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. The role of Spain stands out, doubling the funds directed to energy efficiency compared to the same quarter last year. The increase of 43% in retail business related to sustainable mobility has also been relevant, with financing lines for the acquisition of hybrid and electric vehicles, which has already exceeded that of the same quarter of the previous year and where Colombia has been crucial by channeling a quarter of the total amount. In corporate business, financing related to energy-efficient buildings stands out, multiplying its channeling by three compared to the same quarter of the previous year, where Mexico has been key by increasing its channeling in this line by 60%.

In inclusive growth, great progress has also been made, highlighting the financing of social housing or healthcare infrastructures, quadrupling the financing of the latter compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Financing the business segment plays a relevant role as it contributes more than half of the total channeling, with Spain standing out, which represents approximately 50% of it.

Finally, in corporate business, channeling has also increased by more than 130% compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Likewise, Project Finance activity multiplied by two compared to the same quarter of the previous year, highlighting wind farm projects, which account for almost a quarter of the channeling in Project Finance and where the United States is a key player, accounting for almost 80% of the channeling.

Relevant advances in sustainability matters

 

 

Sustainable business goal

BBVA has raised up its sustainable business goal to 300,000m. This figure places BBVA as one of the European banks with the greatest ambition in its goal of channeling sustainable financing and it is a tangible example of the bank’s commitment to sustainability, one of its strategic priorities. This new target, which was just made public in October, means raising the goal announced in July 2021 by 50%, when BBVA updated its sustainable financing roadmap. In addition, it triples the initial aspiration, detailed in February 2018.

 

 

Strategy

BBVA updates its Sustainability General Policy by adding the General Policy on Corporate Social Responsibility and updating the Group’s sustainability goals. The three new objectives are: increase the growth of the Group’s business through sustainability, achieve neutrality in greenhouse gas emissions and to promote integrity in the relationship with stakeholders. In addition, natural capital is incorporated as a focus of action to be prepared for the challenges ahead.

 

 

Decarbonization goals

BBVA wants to accompany the energy sector in its transition and it is committed to clean energies. The Group is making progress in its commitment to be a carbon neutral Entity in 2050, not only through its own activity, already achieved since 2020, but also through the activity of the customers that it finances. Therefore, it has announced that it will reduce the emissions of its oil and gas portfolio by 30% before 2030. BBVA will align its balance sheet in the oil and gas sector according to the scenario of net zero emissions in 2050 following the absolute emissions metric. This commitment is in addition to the Group’s 2021 targets in four other carbon-intensive sectors (see table below) and the decision to stop financing coal companies, in line with the zero net emissions banking alliance (NZBA).


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Innovation

BBVA’s strategic priorities are innovation and sustainability, as evidenced by the creation of a new “water footprint” loan for wholesale customers. This loan, a pioneer in the market, focuses on the customers’ water footprint, being of special interest for both, companies that make intensive use of water in their production process, as well as those that operate in the energy, food and beverages, agriculture, textiles or packaging sectors, among others. With this new product, customers benefit from their efforts to reduce their water footprint, not only in terms of price, but also in terms of reputation and differentiation from competitors.

 

 

Carbon markets

BBVA has joined the Carbonplace global platform as a founding member. The platform, which will be operational by the end of 2022, aims to simplify access to carbon credits for all those customers committed to decarbonization. It is an innovative global carbon credit transaction platform that allows the safe, simple and transparent exchange of certified carbon credits, in accordance with recognized international standards. Through this technological solution, BBVA will offer its customers around the world direct access to carbon credits to offset their emissions. BBVA is the first Spanish bank to join this platform integrated into the voluntary carbon market.

 

 

Training

BBVA wants to “make the opportunities of this new era available to everyone”, which is why it has launched the free online course “The ABC of Sustainability” open to the public on the Coursera platform. Within the course, it is described how sustainability is applicable to daily situations in the population, the use of natural resources, its application in the global economy and its interaction with the biosphere, as well as social aspects such as a fair transition, equity, equality, diversity , human rights, education and health.

In addition, since World Environment Day, the educational program “Learning Together” is transformed into “Learning Together 2030”. This change sets the beginning of a new stage in the BBVA initiative that will strengthen and expand its global commitment to people and the planet. The program is the largest educational platform in Spanish, it already has more than seven million subscribers and its videos have more than 1,800m views.


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Macroeconomic environment

Economic growth remained at relatively high levels during the first half of 2022. The savings previously accumulated, the normalization of activity following the restrictions and disruptions generated by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the dynamism of labor markets, have contributed significantly to the performance of private consumption and the service sector.

However, the global economy is showing increasing signs of slowdown, in an environment affected by strong inflationary pressures, an aggressive tightening of monetary conditions, the negative impact of the war in Ukraine and the slower growth in China.

Inflation remains high and continues to surprise on the upside. In annual terms, in September inflation reached 9.9% in the Eurozone and 8.2% in the United States. Many commodity prices and disruptions in global supply chains have moderated in recent months, to some extent due to the expected lower global demand, although they remain relatively high. The significant increase in the price of gas, caused by supply restrictions by Russia, has reinforced the pressure on prices, mainly in Europe. In addition to showing greater persistence, inflationary pressures have also spread to more types of goods and services in recent months.

Against this backdrop, central banks have launched a process of tightening monetary conditions, more aggressive than expected by most analysts. In particular, the US Federal Reserve (“the Fed”) has raised policy rates by 300 basis points since the beginning of the year 2022 up to 3.25% in September and has started selling assets to reduce the size of its balance sheet. The Fed has also announced that interest rates will continue to rise in the coming months. According to BBVA Research, interest rates are expected to reach around 4.75% by the beginning of 2023. In the Eurozone, the ECB has raised official interest rates by 125 basis points from July to September. Therefore, both in the Eurozone and in the United States, it is most likely than not that interest rates will soon converge to clearly contractionary levels, given the commitment by central banks to control inflation despite the eventual negative effects on economic activity.

In a context of high uncertainty, BBVA Research’s central scenario estimates that the global economy will slow down significantly in the near future, with possible episodes of recession in the Eurozone and the United States. The tightening of monetary conditions would be the main driver of this slowdown, in an environment where commodity prices (in particular, gas prices in Europe) and supply disruptions will continue to negatively weight on activity.

According to BBVA Research, after rising 6.2% in 2021, global GDP will grow 3.2% in 2022 and 2.4% in 2023, down 0.2 and 0.1 percentage points, respectively, from the previous estimate three months ago. In the US, growth would slow to 1.7% in 2022 and 0.5% in 2023, when strong monetary tightening is expected to cause a mild recession. In the Eurozone, GDP is expected to slightly fall in the coming quarters, mainly due to the disruptions caused by the war in Ukraine, including high gas prices. Annual growth in the region would be 3.1% in 2022 and -0.1% in 2023. China’s economy is expected to grow at 3.6% in 2022 and 5.2% in 2023. However, the continued implementation of strict measures to contain the spread of Coronavirus which could lead to further restrictions on mobility in the future, and the financial strains caused by imbalances in real estate markets could trigger lower-than-expected economic growth.

The risks around this central scenario are significant and have a downward bias on BBVA Research’s growth forecasts. In particular, sustained inflation could trigger even stronger interest rates hikes and therefore, a deeper and more widespread recession, as well as financial volatility scenario.


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Group

Quarterly evolution of results

The result achieved by the BBVA Group in the third quarter of 2022 stood at 1,841m, or what is the same, 9.9% above the previous quarter, which included -201 million euros of non-recurring impact for the purchase of offices in Spain. Excluding this impact, the Group’s attributable profit was 1.9% below the 1,877 million euros achieved in the previous quarter. In addition to the above, the following trends stand out:

 

 

In recurring income, notable evolution of net interest income, supported by the higher interest rates environment and lower commissions, affected by the usual seasonality in certain geographical areas.

 

 

The increase in operating expenses continues in an inflationary environment.

 

 

Higher provisions for impairment on financial assets, mainly in Spain and Mexico.

 

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT: QUARTERLY EVOLUTION (MILLIONS OF EUROS)  
     2022            2021  
      3Q      2Q      1Q            4Q      3Q      2Q      1Q  

Net interest income

     5,261        4,602        3,949                3,978        3,753        3,504        3,451  

Net fees and commissions

     1,380        1,409        1,242          1,247        1,203        1,182        1,133  

Net trading income

     573        516        580          438        387        503        581  

Other operating income and expenses

     (358)        (432)        (355)          (187)        (13)        (85)        (11)  

Gross income

     6,857        6,094        5,416                5,477        5,330        5,104        5,155  

Operating expenses

     (2,818)        (2,630)        (2,424)          (2,554)        (2,378)        (2,294)        (2,304)  

Personnel expenses

     (1,475)        (1,346)        (1,241)          (1,399)        (1,276)        (1,187)        (1,184)  

Other administrative expenses

     (1,005)        (944)        (870)          (850)        (788)        (800)        (812)  

Depreciation

     (338)        (340)        (313)          (305)        (314)        (307)        (309)  

Operating income

     4,038        3,464        2,992                2,923        2,953        2,810        2,850  

Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss

     (940)        (704)        (737)          (832)        (622)        (656)        (923)  

Provisions or reversal of provisions

     (129)        (64)        (48)          (40)        (50)        (23)        (151)  

Other gains (losses)

     19        (3)        20          7        19        (7)        (17)  

Profit (loss) before tax

     2,988        2,694        2,227                2,058        2,299        2,124        1,759  

Income tax

     (1,004)        (697)        (904)          (487)        (640)        (591)        (489)  

Profit (loss) for the period

     1,984        1,997        1,324                1,571        1,659        1,533        1,270  

Non-controlling interests

     (143)        (120)        3          (230)        (259)        (239)        (237)  

Net attributable profit (loss) excluding non-recurring impacts

     1,841        1,877        1,326          1,341        1,400        1,294        1,033  

Discontinued operations and Other (1)

            (201)                               (593)        177  

Net attributable profit (loss)

     1,841        1,675        1,326          1,341        1,400        701        1,210  

Adjusted earning per share (euros) (2)

     0.29        0.30        0.21          0.19        0.20        0.18        0.14  

Earning (loss) per share (euros) (2)

     0.28        0.25        0.19          0.20        0.20        0.09        0.17  

(1) Include: (I) the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain in 2022 for -201m; (II) the net costs related to the restructuring process in 2021 for -696m; and (III) the profit (loss) generated by BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States sold to PNC on June 1, 2021 for +280 million euros.

(2) Adjusted by additional Tier 1 instrument remuneration. EPS calculated considering the average number of shares, taking into account the treasury shares and the shares acquired under the share buyback program. Adjusted EPS calculated considering the number of shares, taking into account the treasury shares. For more information, see Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this report.


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Year-on-year performance of results

The BBVA Group generated a net attributable profit excluding non-recurring impacts of 5,044m in the first nine months of 2022, representing a year-on-year variation of +35.3%. Including those non-recurring impacts, i.e. -201m from the purchase of offices in Spain from Merlin in June 2022 and -416m from the results of discontinued operations corresponding to BBVA USA and the companies sold to PNC on June 1, 2021, together with the net cost related to the restructuring process of the same year, the Group’s net attributable profit increased by 46.2% year-on-year.

 

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT (MILLIONS OF EUROS)  
            Δ % at constant         
      Jan.-Sep.22      Δ %      exchange rates      Jan.-Sep.21  

Net interest income

     13,811        29.0        32.6        10,708  

Net fees and commissions

     4,030        14.6        17.4        3,518  

Net trading income

     1,669        13.4        17.4        1,472  

Other operating income and expenses

     (1,145      n.s.        n.s.        (108

Gross income

     18,366        17.8        21.2        15,589  

Operating expenses

     (7,872      12.8        14.5        (6,976

Personnel expenses

     (4,062      11.4        14.1        (3,647

Other administrative expenses

     (2,819      17.5        17.7        (2,400

Depreciation

     (990      6.6        7.8        (929

Operating income

     10,494        21.8        26.7        8,613  

Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss

     (2,380      8.1        6.4        (2,202

Provisions or reversal of provisions

     (241      7.4        (2.2      (224

Other gains (losses)

     37        n.s.        n.s.        (5

Profit (loss) before tax

     7,909        27.9        36.6        6,182  

Income tax

     (2,605      51.5        57.3        (1,720

Profit (loss) for the period

     5,304        18.9        28.3        4,462  

Non-controlling interests

     (260      (64.6      (42.7      (735

Net attributable profit (loss) excluding non-recurring impacts

     5,044        35.3        37.1        3,727  

Discontinued operations and Other (1)

     (201      (51.6      (47.7      (416

Net attributable profit (loss)

     4,842        46.2        47.0        3,311  

Adjusted earning per share (euros) (2)

     0.80              0.52  

Earning (loss) per share (euros) (2)

     0.74              0.46  

(1) Include: (I) the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain in 2022 for -201m; (II) the net costs related to the restructuring process in 2021 for -696m; and (III) the profit (loss) generated by BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States sold to PNC on June 1, 2021 for +280 million euros.

(2) Adjusted by additional Tier 1 instrument remuneration. EPS calculated considering the average number of shares, taking into account the treasury shares and the shares acquired under the share buyback program. Adjusted EPS calculated considering the number of shares, taking into account the treasury shares. For more information, see Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this report.

The result attributed to the Group for the first nine months of 2022 includes the application to the Group’s entities in Turkey of IAS 29, “Financial Reporting in Hyperinflationary Economies“2.

Unless expressly indicated otherwise, to better understand the changes under the main headings of the Group’s income statement, the year-on-year rates of change provided below refer to constant exchange rates. When comparing two dates or periods in this report, the impact of changes in the exchange rates against the euro of the currencies of the countries in which BBVA operates is sometimes excluded, assuming that exchange rates remain constant. For this purpose, the average exchange rate of the currency of each geographical area of the most recent period is used for both periods, except for those countries whose economies have been considered hyperinflationary, for which the closing exchange rate of the most recent period is used.

The accumulated net interest income as of September 30, 2022 was higher than in the same period of the previous year (+32.6%), with increases in all geographical areas due to the improvement in customer spread and higher managed loan portfolio volumes. Mexico, Turkey and South America performed well.

All areas, with the exception of Rest of Business, showed a positive performance in the net fees and commissions line compared to the accumulated amount reported at the end of September 2021 (+17.4% at Group level), which is partly explained by the increase in activity and higher fees from payment systems and deposits in the first nine months of 2022.

 

 

2 IAS 29 has not been applied to operations outside Turkey, in particular to the financial statements of Garanti Bank in Romania and Garanti Bank International N.V. in the Netherlands.


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NET INTEREST INCOME / AVERAGE TOTAL ASSETS (1)

(PERCENTAGE)

 

        

  

NET INTEREST INCOME PLUS NET FEES AND

COMMISSIONS (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT CONSTANT

EXCHANGE RATES)

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(1) Excluding BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States sold to PNC on June 1, 2021 for the 2021 figures.

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NTI showed a year-on-year variation of +17.4% at the end of September 2022, with a positive trend in Turkey, South America, Mexico and Spain, which offset the lower outcome of Rest of Business and the lower results recorded in the Corporate Center.

The other operating income and expenses line accumulated a result of -1,145m as of September 30, 2022, compared to -108m in the same period last year, mainly due to the more negative adjustment for inflation in Argentina, the recording of this adjustment in the Group’s entities in Turkey in 2022 and the higher contribution to the Single Resolution Fund (“SRF”) in Spain.

 

  

GROSS INCOME (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT CONSTANT

EXCHANGE RATES)

  
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In year-on-year terms, operating expenses increased at the Group level (+14.5%), in an environment of high inflation in all countries in which BBVA operates. By areas, there was a year-on-year decrease in Spain, due to the lower headcount, and to a lesser extent, in the Corporate Center.

Notwithstanding the above, thanks to the remarkable growth in gross income (+21.2%), the efficiency ratio stood at 42.9% as of September 30, 2022, with an improvement of 249 basis points compared to the ratio recorded 12 months earlier. By geographical areas, Spain, Mexico and, to a lesser extent, South America recorded a favorable performance in terms of efficiency.


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OPERATING EXPENSES (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT

    

EFFICIENCY RATIO (PERCENTAGE)

CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

             
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Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss (impairment on financial assets) closed September 2022 6.4% above the previous year, with higher credit impairments in Turkey and Mexico.

 

OPERATING INCOME (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT

    

IMPAIRMENT ON FINANCIAL ASSETS (MILLIONS OF

CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

    

EUROS AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

 

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The provisions or reversal of provisions line (hereinafter “provisions”) accumulated a negative balance of 241m as of September 30, 2022, mainly due to provisions for legal contingencies in Spain and was 2.2% below the accumulated figure in the same period of the last year.

For its part, the other gains (losses) line closed September 2022 with a positive balance of 37m, which compares positively to the figure reached the previous year (-5m).

As a result of the above, the BBVA Group generated a net attributable profit, excluding non-recurring impacts, of 5,044m in the first nine months of 2022, representing a year-on-year increase of +37.1%. Taking into account the non-recurring impacts, registered within the line “Discontinued operations and Other,” that is: (I) -201m recorded in the second quarter of 2022 for the purchase of offices in Spain; (II) +280m for the results generated by BBVA USA and the rest of the companies sold to PNC on June 1, 2021; and (III) -696m of the net costs associated with the restructuring process, the cumulative net attributable profit of the Group at the end of September 2022 stood at 4,842m, 47.0% higher than that achieved in the first nine months of 2021.

The cumulative net attributable profits, in millions of euros, at the end of September 2022 for the business areas that compose the Group were as follows: 1,514m in Spain (excluding the impact from the purchase of offices), 2,964m in Mexico, 336m in Turkey, 614m in South America and 183m in Rest of Business.


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NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

          NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) EXCLUDING NON-RECURRING IMPACTS (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

 

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General note: non-recurring impacts include the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain in 2Q22, BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States sold to PNC on June 1, 2021 for the periods 1Q21 and 2Q21 and the net cost related to the restructuring process in 2Q21.

 

(1) At current exchange rates: +35.3%.

 

TANGIBLE BOOK VALUE PER SHARE (1) AND DIVIDENDS (EUROS)

         

ADJUSTED EARNING PER SHARE (2) AND EARNING PER SHARE (2) (EUROS)

 

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General note: adjusted earning per share excludes: (I) the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain in 2Q22; (II) the net cost related to the restructuring process for the period 2Q21; and (III) the profit (loss) after tax from discontinued operations derived from the sale of BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States to PNC on June 1, 2021 for the periods 1Q21 and 2Q21.

(1) Calculated considering the number of shares, taking into account the treasury shares and the shares acquired under the buyback program.

(2) Adjusted by additional Tier 1 instrument remuneration. EPS calculated considering the average number of shares, taking into account the treasury shares and the shares acquired under the share buyback program. Adjusted EPS calculated considering the number of shares, taking into account the treasury shares. For more information, see Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this report.


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The Group’s profitability indicators improved in year on year terms, supported by the favorable performance of results.

 

  ROE AND ROTE (1) (PERCENTAGE)           ROA AND RORWA (1) (PERCENTAGE)

 

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(1) Excludes the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain in Jan.-Sep.22. Excludes BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States sold to PNC on June 1, 2021 and the net cost related to the restructuring process for the periods Ene.-Sep.21 and 2021.


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Balance sheet and business activity

The most relevant aspects related to the evolution of the Group’s balance sheet and business activity as of September 30, 2022 are summarized below:

 

   

Loans and advances to customers grew by 13.4% compared to the end of December 2021, strongly favored by the evolution of corporate loans (+20.9%) in all business areas and, to a lesser extent, by the dynamism of retail loans (+8.2% at Group level), in particular, in Mexico and South America, supported by the good performance of consumer loans, credit cards (+20.3% overall at Group level) and mortgage loans (+2.7% at Group level and flat in the quarter).

 

   

Customer funds increased by 8.7% compared to the end of December 2021, thanks to the contribution of demand deposits (+7.4%) and time deposits (+32.6%), showing an outstanding growth in the quarter. For its part, off-balance sheet funds increased by 2.3% in the first nine months of 2022 with more notable growth in investment funds and managed portfolios.

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (MILLIONS OF EUROS)  
      30-09-22     Δ  %     31-12-21     30-09-21  

Cash, cash balances at central banks and other demand deposits

     88,076       29.9       67,799       63,232  

Financial assets held for trading

     119,966       (2.9     123,493       106,505  

Non-trading financial assets mandatorily at fair value through profit or loss

     7,290       19.8       6,086       5,874  

Financial assets designated at fair value through profit or loss

     978       (10.4     1,092       1,137  

Financial assets at fair value through accumulated other comprehensive income

     62,524       3.5       60,421       69,963  

Financial assets at amortized cost

     425,854       14.3       372,676       370,217  

Loans and advances to central banks and credit institutions

     22,797       20.3       18,957       18,237  

Loans and advances to customers

     361,731       13.4       318,939       316,499  

Debt securities

     41,326       18.8       34,781       35,481  

Investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates

     903       0.2       900       880  

Tangible assets

     8,567       17.4       7,298       7,291  

Intangible assets

     2,211       0.6       2,197       2,271  

Other assets

     22,312       6.6       20,923       21,891  

Total assets

     738,680       11.4       662,885       649,261  

Financial liabilities held for trading

     104,534       14.7       91,135       80,786  

Other financial liabilities designated at fair value through profit or loss

     10,678       10.3       9,683       9,726  

Financial liabilities at amortized cost

     544,719       11.6       487,893       481,662  

Deposits from central banks and credit institutions

     84,196       25.3       67,185       71,507  

Deposits from customers

     389,705       11.4       349,761       340,828  

Debt certificates

     54,811       (1.7     55,763       55,397  

Other financial liabilities

     16,006       5.4       15,183       13,930  

Liabilities under insurance and reinsurance contracts

     12,275       13.0       10,865       10,564  

Other liabilities

     16,578       13.9       14,549       15,957  

Total liabilities

     688,783       12.2       614,125       598,694  

Non-controlling interests

     3,654       (24.7     4,853       5,628  

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     (16,649     1.0       (16,476     (15,684

Shareholders’ funds

     62,891       4.2       60,383       60,622  

Total equity

     49,897       2.3       48,760       50,567  

Total liabilities and equity

     738,680       11.4       662,885       649,261  

Memorandum item:

        

Guarantees given

     54,954       19.6       45,956       43,740  


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LOANS AND ADVANCES TO CUSTOMERS (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

 

      30-09-22     Δ  %     31-12-21     30-09-21  
Public sector      20,488       4.2       19,656       19,934  
Individuals      158,462       8.2       146,433       147,982  

Mortgages

     93,753       2.7       91,324       91,811  

Consumer

     36,424       17.4       31,026       31,934  

Credit cards

     16,453       27.2       12,936       12,883  

Other loans

     11,832       6.2       11,146       11,354  
Business      180,560       20.9       149,309       145,826  
Non-performing loans      14,256       (2.7     14,657       14,226  

Loans and advances to customers (gross)

     373,765       13.2       330,055       327,968  

Allowances (1)

     (12,035     8.3       (11,116     (11,469

Loans and advances to customers

     361,731       13.4       318,939       316,499  

(1) Allowances include valuation adjustments for credit risk throughout the expected residual life in those financial instruments that have been acquired (mainly originating from the acquisition of Catalunya Banc, S.A.). As of September 30, 2022, December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, the remaining amount was 202m, 266m and 284m, respectively.

The evolution of loans and advances to customers and the customer funds of the BBVA Group as of September 30, December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022 is shown below.

 

LOANS AND ADVANCES TO CUSTOMERS (BILLIONS OF EUROS)

                    CUSTOMER FUNDS (BILLIONS OF EUROS)

 

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CUSTOMER FUNDS (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

 

      30-09-22      Δ  %      31-12-21      30-09-21  
Deposits from customers      389,705        11.4        349,761        340,828  

Current accounts

     314,631        7.4        293,015        276,129  

Time deposits

     72,992        32.6        55,059        63,163  

Other deposits

     2,082        23.4        1,687        1,535  
Other customer funds      150,504        2.3        147,192        140,906  

Mutual funds and investment companies and customer portfolios (1)

     108,315        2.0        106,235        100,612  

Pension funds

     39,178        1.1        38,763        38,257  

Other off-balance sheet funds

     3,011        37.2        2,195        2,037  

Total customer funds

     540,210        8.7        496,954        481,734  

(1) Includes the customer portfolios in Spain, Mexico, Colombia and Peru.


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Solvency

Capital base

The Group’s CET1 fully-loaded ratio stood at 12.45% as of September 30, 2022, maintaining a large management buffer over the Group’s CET1 requirement (8.60%), and also above the Group’s established target management range of 11.5-12.0% of CET1.

During the third quarter of the year, the CET1 ratio remained at the level of the previous quarter. The generation of profit, net of dividends and remuneration of equity instruments, contributed 26 basis points to the CET1 ratio. This growth, together with the offset in equity of the effects of hyperinflation on earnings and the reversal of approximately 10 basis points of the effect on capital of the share buyback program, which was completed for an amount lower than previously deducted, mitigated the effect of market volatility and the growth of risk-weighted assets (RWA).

Fully-loaded risk-weighted assets (RWA) increased approximately 10,800 million euros in the quarter, mainly as a result of the organic generation and the currency effect mainly due to the appreciation of the U.S. dollar and the Mexican peso against the euro.

The consolidated fully-loaded additional Tier 1 capital (AT1) stood at 1.58% as of September 30, 2022, resulting in a 1 basis point decrease from the previous quarter.

The consolidated fully-loaded Tier 2 ratio at the end of September stood at 1.94%, with a decrease of 13 basis points in the quarter. The total fully-loaded capital adequacy ratio stands at 15.97%.

Following the latest SREP (Supervisory Review and Evaluation Process) decision, received in February 2022 and with entry into force as from March 1, 2022, the ECB informed the Group that the Pillar 2 requirement remains unchanged at 1.5% (of which at least 0.84% must be fulfilled with CET1). Therefore, BBVA must maintain a CET1 capital ratio of 8.60% and a total capital ratio of 12.76% at the consolidated level.

The phased-in CET1 ratio at the consolidated level stood at 12.55% as of September 30, 2022, considering the transitory effect of the IFRS 9 standard. AT1 reached 1.58% and Tier 2 reached 1.94%, resulting in a total capital adequacy ratio of 16.07%.

 

  FULLY-LOADED CAPITAL RATIOS (PERCENTAGE)   
 

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CAPITAL BASE (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

 

     CRD IV phased-in      CRD IV fully-loaded  
      30-09-22 (1) (2)      31-12-21      30-09-21      30-09-22 (1) (2)      31-12-21      30-09-21  

Common Equity Tier 1 (CET 1)

     42,895        39,949        44,558        42,513        39,184        43,793  

Tier 1

     48,300        45,686        50,329        47,918        44,922        49,564  

Tier 2

     6,614        7,383        7,770        6,613        7,283        7,491  

Total Capital (Tier 1 + Tier 2)

     54,914        53,069        58,098        54,531        52,205        57,055  

Risk-weighted assets

     341,685        307,795        303,002        341,455        307,335        302,542  

CET1 (%)

     12.55        12.98        14.71        12.45        12.75        14.48  

Tier 1 (%)

     14.14        14.84        16.61        14.03        14.62        16.38  

Tier 2 (%)

     1.94        2.40        2.56        1.94        2.37        2.48  

Total capital ratio (%)

     16.07        17.24        19.17        15.97        16.99        18.86  

(1) As of September 30, 2022, the difference between the phased-in and fully-loaded ratios arises from the temporary treatment of certain capital items, mainly of the impact of IFRS 9, to which the BBVA Group has adhered voluntarily (in accordance with article 473bis of the CRR and the subsequent amendments introduced by the Regulation (EU) 2020/873).

(2) Preliminary data.


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Regarding shareholder remuneration, on April 8, 2022 and as approved by the Annual General Meeting held on March 18, 2022 on the second item of the agenda, a cash gross payment of 0.23 was made against voluntary reserves for each outstanding share of BBVA as an additional shareholder remuneration for the year 2021. Thus, the total amount of cash distributions for the year 2021 was 0.31 gross per share, the largest distribution in 10 years. Similarly, on September 29, 2022, BBVA informed that its Board of Directors approved the payment in cash of 0.12 gross per share, which was paid on October 11, 2022. This dividend is already considered in the Group’s capital adequacy ratios.

The total shareholder remuneration includes, in addition to the aforementioned cash payments, the extraordinary remuneration resulting from the execution of the program scheme for the buyback of own shares announced on October 29, 2021 (the “Program Scheme”).

Specifically, regarding the Program Scheme, on November 19, 2021, BBVA notified by means of Inside Information the execution of a first tranche (the “First Tranche”), for a maximum amount of 1,500 million euros, with a maximum number of shares to be acquired in the amount of 637,770,016 treasury shares, representing approximately 9.6% of BBVA’s share capital. By means of Other Relevant Information dated March 3, 2022, BBVA communicated the completion of the execution of the First Tranche as the maximum monetary amount had been reached, having acquired 281,218,710 own shares in execution of the First Tranche, representing approximately 4.22 % of BBVA’s share capital as of that date. On June 15, 2022, BBVA notified the partial execution of the share capital reduction resolution adopted by the Annual General Shareholders’ Meeting of BBVA held on March 18, 2022, through the redemption of the 281,218,710 own shares acquired by the Bank in execution of the First Tranche and the consequent reduction in BBVA’s share capital by a nominal amount of 137,797,167.90 euros.

On February 3, 2022, BBVA notified by means of Inside Information that its Board of Directors had agreed, within the scope of the Program Scheme, to carry out a second buyback program for the repurchase of own shares (the “Second Tranche”) for a maximum amount of 2,000 million and a maximum number of shares to be acquired equal to the result of subtracting from 637,770,016 own shares (9.6% of BBVA’s share capital at that date) the number of own shares finally acquired in execution of the First Tranche.

In this regard, on March 16, 2022, BBVA informed by means of Inside Information that it had agreed to execute the Second Tranche: i) through the execution of a first segment for an amount of up to 1,000 million, and with a maximum number of shares to be acquired of 356,551,306 treasury shares (the “First Segment”); and (ii) once execution of the First Segment has been completed, through the execution of a second segment that would complete the Framework Program (the “Second Segment”).

By means of Other Relevant Information dated May 16, 2022, BBVA announced the completion of the execution of the First Segment upon reaching the maximum monetary amount of 1,000 million, having acquired 206,554,498 own shares in execution of the First Segment, representing, approximately, 3.1% of BBVA’s share capital as of said date.

On June 28, 2022, BBVA communicated through Inside Information the agreement to complete the Program Scheme by executing the Second Segment, for a maximum amount of 1,000 million and a maximum number of BBVA shares to be acquired of 149,996,808. By means of Other Relevant Information dated August 19, 2022, BBVA announced the completion of the execution of the Second Segment of the Second Tranche upon reaching the maximum number of shares of 149,996,808, representing, approximately, 2.3% of BBVA’s share capital as of said date (amounted to approximately 660 million). On September 30, 2022, BBVA notified, by means of Other Relevant Information, an additional partial execution of the share capital reduction resolution adopted by the Annual General Shareholders’ Meeting of BBVA held on March 18, 2022, through the redemption of the 356,551,306 own shares acquired by the Bank in execution of the First Segment and the Second Segment and the consequent reduction of BBVA’s share capital by a nominal amount of 174,710,139.94 euros.

After the redemptions of the shares acquired in execution of the First and Second Tranche indicated, BBVA’s share capital has been set at 2,954,757,116.36 euros, represented by 6,030,116,564 shares with a nominal value of 0.49 each.

 

SHAREHOLDER STRUCTURE (30-09-2022)

 

     Shareholders              Shares issued         
Number of shares    Number      %      Number     %  

Up to 500

     333,186        40.9        62,482,925       1.0  

501 to 5,000

     375,474        46.1        668,177,029       11.1  

5,001 to 10,000

     56,346        6.9        396,753,650       6.6  

10,001 to 50,000

     43,826        5.4        838,576,011       13.9  

50,001 to 100,000

     3,126        0.4        212,751,997       3.5  

100,001 to 500,000

     1,429        0.2        255,872,320       4.2  

More than 500,001

     296        0.04        3,595,502,632 (1)      59.6  

Total

     813,683        100        6,030,116,564       100  

(1) The number of shares issued takes into account the redemption of 356,551,306 shares, corresponding to the second tranche of the share buyback program.

With regard to MREL (Minimum Requirement for own funds and Eligible Liabilities) requirements, BBVA must maintain, from January 1, 2022, an amount of own funds and eligible liabilities equal to 21.46% of the total RWAs of its resolution group, at a sub-consolidated3 level (hereinafter, the “MREL in RWAs”). This MREL in RWA does not include the combined capital buffer requirement which, according to applicable regulations and supervisory criteria, would currently be 3.26%, and it is currently the most restrictive

 

 

3 In accordance with the resolution strategy MPE (“Multiple Point of Entry”) of the BBVA Group, established by the SRB, the resolution group is made up of Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A. and subsidiaries that belong to the same European resolution group. As of June 30, 2021, the total RWAs of the resolution group amounted to 190,377m and the total exposure considered for the purpose of calculating the leverage ratio amounted to 452,275m.


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requirement for BBVA. Given the structure of own funds and admissible liabilities of the resolution group, as of September 30, 2022, the MREL ratio in RWAs stands at 26.18%%4,5, complying with the aforementioned requirement.

With the aim of reinforcing compliance with these requirements, during 2022, BBVA has made the following debt issues: (i) senior non-preferred bond for an amount of 1,000m , with a maturity of 7 years and the option for early redemption in the sixth year, with a coupon of 0.875%; (ii) senior preferred issue in May, 2022 for 1,250m at a fixed rate of 1.750% over three and a half years; (iii) senior preferred issue in May, 2022 for an amount of 500m at a floating rate of 3-months Euribor plus a spread of 64 basis points (leaving a coupon of 3-months Euribor plus 100 basis points) at three years and a half; (iv) senior preferred issue in May, 2022 at two-year terms for 100m at a fixed 1% rate; (v) senior preferred issue in July for an initial amount of 400m at the 3-months Euribor floating rate plus 70 basis points, which was increased in amount on 3 occasions, reaching a total amount of 865 million euros; (vi) USD1 billion senior non-preferred issue in September, 2022 with a four-year maturity and a coupon of 5.862%; (vii) USD750 million senior non-preferred issue in September, 2022 with a maturity of six years and a coupon of 6.138%; (viii) senior preferred issue in September, 2022 for an amount of 1,250 million euros, maturing in five years and a coupon of 3.375%; (ix) preferred senior green issue in October, 2022 for a term of seven years and a coupon of 4.375%, whose aim is to finance the growth of commercial activity and meet the Group’s objective of making at least one green or social issue per year; and (x) senior preferred issue in October, 2022 for 100m over 12 years and a coupon of 4.25%.

Lastly, as of September 30, 2022, the Group’s fully-loaded leverage ratio stood at 6.3% (6.3% phased-in)6.

Ratings

During the first nine months of 2022, BBVA’s rating has continued to show its stability and all agencies have maintained their rating in the A category. In March, S&P changed the outlook of BBVA’s rating from negative to stable (affirming the rating at A), after taking a similar action in the Spanish sovereign rating. Following annual reviews of BBVA, Fitch and DBRS Morningstar affirmed their ratings at A- (May) and A (high) (March), respectively, both with a stable outlook. For its part, Moody’s has kept BBVA’s rating unchanged in the period at A3 (with a stable outlook). The following table shows the credit ratings and outlook assigned by the agencies:

 

RATINGS

Rating agency      Long term (1)    Short term      Outlook      

DBRS

     A (high)    R-1 (middle)      Stable   

Fitch

     A-    F-2      Stable   

Moody’s

     A3    P-2      Stable   

Standard & Poor’s

     A    A-1      Stable   

(1) Ratings assigned to long term senior preferred debt. Additionally, Moody’s and Fitch assign A2 and A- rating, respectively, to BBVA’s long term deposits.

 

 

4 Own resources and eligible liabilities to meet, both, MREL and the combined capital buffer requirement applicable.

5 As of September 30, 2022, the MREL ratio in Leverage Ratio stands at 10,59% and the subordination ratios in terms of RWAs and in terms of exposure of the leverage ratio, stand at 21,95% and 8,88%, respectively, being preliminary data.

6 The Group’s leverage ratio is provisional at the date of release of this report. On April, 1st 2022 ended the period of temporary exclusion of certain positions with central banks.


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Risk management

Credit risk

In addition to the significant macroeconomic challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the global economy is currently facing a number of exceptional challenges. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has caused significant disruption, instability and volatility in the world markets, as well as increased inflation (including contributing to further increases in energy, oil and other commodity prices and further affecting supply chains), and lower economic growth.

In relation to the relief measures for customers affected by the pandemic, and in the second instance, affected by the economic effects derived from the war in Ukraine, in Spain and Peru, the possibility of carrying out extensions both in the maturity period as well as in the grace period in financing with public guarantee are still in force. In Spain, they can be requested by companies and self-employed from June 30, 2022, after the expiration of the Temporary State Aid Framework approved by the European Commission, and in Peru, the Decree was approved in May, with eligibility in this measure in place until December 31, 2022.

Regarding the direct exposure of the Group to Russia and Ukraine, this is limited for BBVA, although the Group has taken different measures aimed at reducing its impact, among others, the initial lowering of limits followed by the suspension of operations with Russia, lowering of internal ratings and the inclusion of the country and its borrowers as impaired for subjective reasons.

However, the indirect risk is greater due to the activity of customers in the affected area or sectors. The economic effects are mainly shown through higher commodity prices, but also through financial and confidence channels, as well as a further deterioration of global supply chain issues.

Calculation of expected losses due to credit risk

In addition to the individualized and collective estimates of the expected losses and the macroeconomic estimates in accordance with what is described in IFRS 9, the estimate at the end of the quarter includes the effect on the expected losses of the macroeconomic forecasts’ update, which have been affected by the war in Ukraine, the evolution of interest rates, inflation rates or the prices of commodities. This update includes an adaptation of these forecasts, which has been reviewed following the internal approval circuits established for this purpose, to reflect the effects of the new inflationary environment on the results of the collective estimates.

Additionally, the Group can supplement the expected losses either by the consideration of additional risk drivers, the incorporation of sectorial particularities or that may affect a set of operations or borrowers. These adjustments should be of temporary nature, until the reasons for them disappear or they materialize. As of September 30, 2022, there are adjustments to expected losses which amounted to  243 million at Group level, 159 million in Spain,  4 million in Peru and 80 million in Mexico. As of December 31, 2021 there were 311 million at the Group level for the same concept, 226 million in Spain, 18 million in Peru and 68 million in Mexico.

BBVA Group’s credit risk indicators

The evolution of the Group’s main credit risk indicators is summarized below:

 

 

Credit risk has increased by 3.5% (+2.3% at constant exchange rates) between July and September 2022, with an almost generalized growth, at constant exchange rates at Group level, although in Spain the seasonality of the quarter favored the stability of this metric.

 

 

Reduction in the balance of non-performing loans at Group level between June and September 2022 (-2.2% in current terms and -3.1% at constant rates) in the main geographical areas, mainly supported by recoveries and repayments in wholesale portfolios. Compared to the end of December 2021, the amount of non-performing loans decreased by -1.8% (-5.1% at constant exchange rates).

 

NON-PERFORMING LOANS AND PROVISIONS (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

 

 

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The NPL ratio stood at 3.5% as of September 30, 2022, -21 basis points below the figure recorded in March 2022 and -57 basis points below the one of December 2021, with an improvement in this indicator in all business areas.

 

 

Loan-loss provisions increased by 3.4% compared to the figure of the first quarter (+9.0 with respect to December 2021) with growth in the main business areas except for South America, which remained practically stable.

 

 

The NPL coverage ratio stood at 83%, 446 basis points above the figure of June 2022 (+821 basis points higher than at the end of 2021), supported by the good performance of the balance of non-performing loans and the increase in funds.

 

 

The cumulative cost of risk as of September 30, 2022 stood at 0.86%, higher than the end of the second quarter 2022 but still 7 basis points below the close of 2021. Although the recurring flows are higher than those registered in the first semester, they stand at more normalized levels.

 

 NPL AND NPL COVERAGE RATIOS AND COST OF RISK (PERCENTAGE)
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CREDIT RISK (1) (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

              

 

      30-09-22      30-06-22      31-03-22      31-12-21      30-09-21  

Credit risk

     428,619        414,128        395,325        376,011        371,708  

Non-performing loans

     15,162        15,501        15,612        15,443        14,864  

Provisions

     12,570        12,159        11,851        11,536        11,895  

NPL ratio (%)

     3.5        3.7        3.9        4.1        4.0  

NPL coverage ratio (%) (2)

     83        78        76        75        80  

(1) Includes gross loans and advances to customers plus guarantees given.

(2) The NPL coverage ratio includes the valuation adjustments for credit risk throughout the expected residual life in those financial instruments that have been acquired (mainly originating from the acquisition of Catalunya Banc, S.A.). If these valuation corrections had not been taken into account, the NPL coverage ratio would have stood at 82% as of September 30, 2022, 73% as of December 31, 2021 and 78% as of September 30, 2021.

 

NON-PERFORMING LOANS EVOLUTION (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

              

 

      3Q22 (1)      2Q22      1Q22      4Q21      3Q21  

Beginning balance

     15,501        15,612        15,443        14,864        15,676  

Entries

     1,871        2,085        1,762        2,875        1,445  

Recoveries

     (1,600)        (1,697)        (1,280)        (1,235)        (1,330)  

Net variation

     271        388        482        1,640        115  

Write-offs

     (672)        (579)        (581)        (832)        (848)  

Exchange rate differences and other

     62        80        269        (228)        (80)  

Period-end balance

     15,162        15,501        15,612        15,443        14,864  

Memorandum item:

              

Non-performing loans

     14,256        14,597        14,731        14,657        14,226  

Non-performing guarantees given

     906        904        881        786        637  

(1) Preliminary data.


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Structural risks

Liquidity and funding

Liquidity and funding management at BBVA aims to finance the recurring growth of the banking business at suitable maturities and costs, using a wide range of instruments that provide access to a large number of alternative sources of financing. In this context, it is important to notice that, given the nature of BBVA’s business, the funding of lending activity is fundamentally carried out through the use of stable customer funds.

Due to its subsidiary-based management model, BBVA is one of the few major European banks that follows the Multiple Point of Entry (MPE) resolution strategy: the parent company sets the liquidity policies, but the subsidiaries are self-sufficient and responsible for managing their own liquidity and funding (taking deposits or accessing the market with their own rating), without fund transfers or financing occurring between either the parent company and the subsidiaries or between the different subsidiaries. This strategy limits the spread of a liquidity crisis among the Group’s different areas and ensures that the cost of liquidity and financing is correctly reflected in the price formation process.

The BBVA Group maintains a solid liquidity position in every geographical area in which it operates, with ratios well above the minimum required:

 

 

The BBVA Group’s liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) remained comfortably above 100% throughout the first nine months of 2022, and stood at 166% as of September 30, 2022. For the calculation of this ratio, it is assumed that there is no transfer of liquidity among subsidiaries; i.e. no type of excess liquidity levels in foreign subsidiaries is being considered in the calculation of the consolidated ratio. When considering these excess liquidity levels, the BBVA Group’s LCR would stand at 215%.

 

 

The net stable funding ratio (NSFR), defined as the result between the amount of stable funding available and the amount of stable funding required, demands banks to maintain a stable funding profile in relation to the composition of their assets and off-balance sheet activities. This ratio should be at least 100% at all times. The BBVA Group’s NSFR ratio, stood at 134% as of September 30, 2022.

The breakdown of these ratios in the main geographical areas in which the Group operates is shown below:

 

LCR AND NSFR RATIOS (PERCENTAGE. 30-09-22)

     
      Eurozone (1)    Mexico    Turkey    South America

LCR

   198%    190%    274%    All countries >100

NSFR

   125%    140%    168%    All countries >100

(1) BBVA, S.A. liquidity management perimeter: Spain + branches of the outside network.

One of the key elements in BBVA’s Group liquidity and funding management is the maintenance of large high quality liquidity buffers in all the geographical areas. In this respect, the Group has maintained for the last 12 months an average volume of high quality liquid assets (HQLA) accounting to 136.3 billion, among which, 94% correspond to maximum quality assets (LCR Tier 1).

It should be noted that the war in Ukraine has not had a significant impact on the liquidity and financing situation of the BBVA Group units during the first nine months of 2022. The most relevant aspects related to the main geographical areas are the following:

 

 

BBVA, S.A. has maintained a sound position with a large high-quality liquidity buffer. During the first nine months of 2022, commercial activity has been mainly neutral in terms of liquidity due to the growth in customer deposits at similar levels than the growth in lending activity. In the coming quarters, the Bank faces the maturities of the TLTRO III program from a comfortable position and with a liquidity and financing planning to maintain regulatory liquidity metrics well above the established minimums. On the other hand, collateral generation activities have continued with the issuance of mortgage and regional bonds to be retained for an amount of 2 billion, highlighting the creation of a new mortgage securitization fund held as collateral for an amount of 12.4 billion, which groups the assets previously held in seven funds, generating an additional collateral of approximately 3 billion.

 

 

In BBVA Mexico, commercial activity has drained liquidity for the amount of approximately 128 billion Mexican pesos between January and September 2022, supported by the growth in lending activity, that exceeded the growth of customer funds. Despite this, BBVA Mexico continues to hold a comfortable liquidity position, which has contributed to a cost-efficient funding management in an environment of rising rates.

 

 

In Turkey, in the first nine months of 2022, the lending gap in local currency has been reduced, due to a greater growth in deposits than in loans. The lending gap in foreign currency has increased due to reductions in deposits as a result of the mechanism settled to encourage Turkish lira deposits, partially offset by lower loans. Garanti BBVA continues to maintain a stable liquidity position with comfortable ratios. The Central Bank of Turkey has continued to implement measures in order to reduce the dollarization of the economy and encourage the purchase of fixed-rate longer-term bonds.

 

 

In South America, the liquidity situation remains adequate throughout the region. In Argentina, liquidity continues to increase in the system and in BBVA due to a higher growth in deposits than in loans in local currency. In BBVA Colombia, a greater growth in lending activity is shown, compared to the growth in funds, non-compromising the liquidity situation of the bank. For its part, BBVA Peru maintains solid liquidity levels, due to the favorable evolution of deposits, in local currency.


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The main wholesale financing transactions carried out by the companies of the BBVA Group are listed below:

 

 

In January 2022, BBVA, S.A. issued a 1,000m senior non-preferred bond, with a maturity of 7 years and the option for early redemption in the sixth year, with a coupon of 0.875%. In May of the same year, BBVA, S.A. carried out a preferred senior debt issue for a term of three and a half years and separated into two tranches, one with a fixed coupon of 1.75% for an amount of 1,250m and another with a variable coupon set at three-month Euribor plus 64 basis points of spread (3-month Euribor coupon plus 100 basis points) for an amount of 500m. On the other hand, two private issues have been closed, one in May for 100m at a fixed 1% and another in July for 400m at the 3-month floating rate Euribor plus 70 basis points, both with a 2-year term, and in June 2022 a securitization of loans for the financing of vehicles was completed for an amount of 1,200m. In addition, in May 2022, the Group carried out the early redemption of the preference shares contingently convertible into ordinary shares of BBVA (CoCos) issued in May 2017 by BBVA. in September, a senior non-preferred debt issue was made for an amount of USD1,750m, in two tranches, one of USD 1,000m maturing in four years and another of USD 750m maturing in six years and with an early redemption option one year earlier, in both tranches. Likewise, also in September, an issue of a preferred senior bond was closed for an amount of 1,250m, maturing in five years with a coupon of 3.375%, and in October, a preferred senior debt green bond for an amount of 1,250m was closed with a term of seven years and a coupon of 4.375%, with the following goal: to finance the growth of the commercial activity and to comply with the Group’s commitment to carry out at least one green or social emission per year. Additionally, increases in the above mentioned floating-rate private issue have been closed for 465m (reaching the total amount of 865m) and in October another for 100m at 12 years and a 4.25% coupon.

 

 

On June 21, BBVA Mexico issued a sustainable bond for 10 billion Mexican pesos (500m, approximately), thus becoming the first private bank to carry out an issue of this type in Mexico, using the TIIE (Balanced Interbank Interest Rate used in Mexico) as the funding benchmark.

 

 

On June 7, Garanti BBVA renewed 100% of a syndicated loan indexed to environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) criteria that consists of two separate tranches of USD 283.5m and 290.5m, both with a maturity of one year. Garanti BBVA also provided sustainable funding of USD 75m in the first nine months of 2022.

 

 

On June 28, BBVA Colombia closed a 5-year financing with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) for USD 200m, the aim of which is to promote the financing and construction of energy-sustainable buildings and reduce CO2 emissions, among others. On September 28, an additional loan with IFC was closed for USD 40m for a 3-year term.

Foreign exchange

Foreign exchange risk management of BBVA’s long-term investments, mainly stemming from its overseas franchises, aims to preserve the Group’s capital adequacy ratio and to ensure the stability of its income statement.

In the first nine months of the year, foreign exchange markets have been affected by strong central banks’ actions and the deterioration of the geopolitical context. This context has benefited the U.S. dollar, which has appreciated 16.2% against a euro penalized by the consequences of the war in Ukraine. The currencies of Latin America have presented, in general, a positive performance in the first nine months of 2022, especially against the euro. The Mexican peso appreciated 17.8% against the euro, the Peruvian sol by 16.4%, the Colombian peso by 2.1% and the Chilean peso by 1.6%. For its part, the Argentine peso accumulated a depreciation of 18.8%. With regard to the Turkish lira, the high inflation environment and the very lax monetary policies continue to negatively affect the currency, losing a 15.8% against the euro in the first nine months of the year.

 

EXCHANGE RATES (EXPRESSED IN CURRENCY/EURO)

     

 

     Year-end exchange rates      Average exchange rates  
            Δ % on      Δ % on             Δ % on  
      30-09-22      30-09-21      31-12-21      Jan.-Sep.22      Jan.-Sep.21  

U.S. dollar

     0.9748        18.8        16.2        1.0640        12.4  

Mexican peso

     19.6393        20.9        17.8        21.5551        11.7  

Turkish lira (1)

     18.0841        (43.1)        (15.8)                

Peruvian sol

     3.8703        23.6        16.4        4.0518        13.1  

Argentine peso (1)

     143.38        (20.3)        (18.8)                

Chilean peso

     941.66        (1.2)        1.6        912.37        (3.3)  

Colombian peso

     4,417.86        0.5        2.1        4,323.62        2.3  

(1) According to IAS 21 “The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates”, the year-end exchange rate is used for the conversion of the Turkey and Argentina income statement.

BBVA maintains its policies of actively hedging its main investments in emerging markets, covering on average between 30% and 50% of annual earnings and around 70% of the CET1 capital ratio surplus. The sensitivity of the Group’s CET1 fully-loaded ratio to 10% depreciations in major currencies is estimated, after hedging, at: +19 basis points for the U.S. dollar, -4 basis points for the Mexican peso and -5 basis points for the Turkish lira. The coverage levels of the expected results for 2022 is close to 100% for Mexico, Peru and Colombia. For Turkey, the transition to hyperinflation accounting is generating significant volatility in the expected profits in 2022, although it is neutral in terms of equity generation. In this case, and given the high costs of hedging in this currency, the Group has chosen to make a holistic approach that takes into account, in addition to the expected earnings, the capital ratio volatility to currency movements and the book value of the franchise.


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Interest rate

Interest rate risk management seeks to limit the impact that BBVA may suffer, both in terms of net interest income (short-term) and economic value (long-term), from adverse movements in the interest rate curves in the various currencies in which the Group operates. BBVA carries out this work through an internal procedure, pursuant to the guidelines established by the European Banking Authority (EBA), in order to analyze the potential impact that could derive from a range of scenarios on the Group’s different balance sheets.

The model is based on assumptions intended to realistically mimic the behavior of the balance sheet. Of particular relevance are assumptions regarding the behavior of accounts with no explicit maturity and prepayment estimates. These assumptions are reviewed and adapted at least once a year to take into account any changes in observed behavior.

At the aggregate level, BBVA continues to maintain a moderate risk profile, in accordance with the established objective, showing positive sensitivity toward interest rate increases in the net interest income.

Regarding relevant events in financial markets, the ECB continued with the rate hike that began in July, with an additional increase in September of 75 basis points which might not be the last one if, as expected, inflation in Europe remains high. As for the impacts in financial markets, the quarter was once again highly volatile, with improvements in the fixed income markets during July, which disappeared during the months of August and September. The German bond curve has continued to flatten, derived from greater rises in the short end than in the longer end. The Spanish sovereign bond curve has behaved similarly to the German curve in the quarter, that is to say, the spread has remained relatively stable. For its part, the United States sovereign bond curve had a similar flattening trend to that of German bonds, with the Fed continuing its rate hike cycle, accumulating increases of 300 basis points in the year. With regard to the emerging markets, similar flattening moves have occurred to those of the United States, continuing with the rate hikes cycle. For its part, Turkey has set the monetary policy rate at 10.5%, making successive cuts of 100 basis points at its meetings in August and September and an additional 150 basis points at the October meeting.

By area, the main features are:

 

 

Spain has a balance sheet characterized by a high proportion of variable-rate loans (basically mortgages and corporate lending) and liabilities composed mainly by customer demand deposits. The ALCO portfolio acts as a management lever and hedging for the bank’s balance sheet, mitigating its sensitivity to interest rate fluctuations. The balance sheet interest rate risk profile remained stable during the year, the highest positive sensitivity to rates franchise in the Group.

On the other hand, as mentioned, at the end of September 2022 the ECB set the benchmark interest rate at 1.25%, held the marginal deposit facility rate at 0.75% and the marginal loan facility rate at 1.50%. This has been reflected in the European benchmark interest rates (Euribor), with significant increases in the year. In this regard, customer spread is starting to benefit from interest rate hikes, expected to continue in the coming quarters.

 

 

Mexico continues to show a balance between fixed and variable interest rates balances. In terms of assets that are most sensitive to interest rate fluctuations, the commercial portfolio stands out, while consumer loans and mortgages are mostly at a fixed rate. With regard to the customer funds, the high proportion of non-interest bearing deposits should be highlighted, which are insensitive to interest rate movements. The ALCO portfolio is invested primarily in fixed-rate sovereign bonds with limited maturities. Net interest income sensitivity continues to be limited, registering a positive impact against 100 basis points increases in the Mexican peso, which is around 2,6%. The monetary policy rate stands at 9.25%, 375 basis points above the end-of-year level of 2021. Regarding client spread, there has been improvement so far in 2022, a trend which should continue supported by the higher interest rates environment.

 

 

In Turkey, the sensitivity of loans, which are mostly fixed-rate but with relatively short maturities, and the ALCO portfolio balance the sensitivity of deposits on the liability side. The interest rate risk is thus limited, both in Turkish lira and in foreign currencies. With regard to benchmark rates, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey decided, at its October meeting, to cut 150 basis points, which together with the cuts made in August and September by 100 basis points, places the benchmark interest rate at 10.5%, as mentioned above. In addition, there has been a sharp upturn in inflation, which has generated positive impacts on Garanti BBVA’s net interest income and on the valuation of the bond portfolio linked to it. Customer spread has continued to improve during the first nine months of 2022.

 

 

In South America, the interest rate risk profile remains low as most countries in the area have a fixed/variable composition and maturities that are very similar for assets and liabilities, with limited net interest income sensitivity. In addition, in balance sheets with several currencies, interest rate risk is managed for each of the currencies, showing a very low level of risk. Regarding the benchmark rates of the central banks of Peru and Colombia, they continued to rise during the first nine months of the year, with increases of 450 (including the October meeting) and 700 basis points, respectively. Customer spreads have nearly not changed during the nine months of the year in both geographical areas, with slight increases in Peru and slight falls in Colombia, impacted by an environment of higher interest rates.

 

INTEREST RATES (PERCENTAGE)

     

 

      30-09-22      30-06-22      31-03-22      31-12-21      30-09-21      30-06-21      31-03-21  

Official ECB rate

     1.25        0.00        0.00        0.00        0.00        0.00        0.00  

Euribor 3 months (1)

     1.01        (0.24)        (0.50)        (0.58)        (0.55)        (0.54)        (0.54)  

Euribor 1 year (1)

     2.23        0.85        (0.24)        (0.50)        (0.49)        (0.48)        (0.49)  

USA Federal rates

     3.25        1.75        0.50        0.25        0.25        0.25        0.25  

TIIE (Mexico)

     9.25        7.75        6.50        5.50        4.75        4.25        4.00  

CBRT (Turkey)

     12.00        14.00        14.00        14.00        18.00        19.00        19.00  

(1) Calculated as the month average.


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Business areas

This section presents the most relevant aspects of the Group’s different business areas. Specifically, for each one of them, it shows a summary of the income statements and balance sheets, the business activity figures and the most significant ratios.

The structure of the business areas reported by the BBVA Group as of September 30, 2022, is identical with the one presented at the end of 2021.

The composition of BBVA Group’s business areas is summarized below:

 

 

Spain mainly includes the banking and insurance businesses that the Group carries out in this country, including the proportional share of the results of the company created from the bancassurance agreement reached with Allianz at the end of 2020.

 

 

Mexico includes banking and insurance businesses in this country, as well as the activity that BBVA Mexico carries out through its branch in Houston.

 

 

Turkey reports the activity of the group Garanti BBVA that is mainly carried out in this country and, to a lesser extent, in Romania and the Netherlands.

 

 

South America mainly includes banking and insurance activity conducted in the region.

 

 

Rest of Business mainly incorporates the wholesale activity carried out in Europe (excluding Spain) and in the United States, as well as the banking business developed through BBVA’s branches in Asia.

The Corporate Center contains the centralized functions of the Group, including: the costs of the head offices with a corporate function; structural exchange rate positions management; portfolios whose management is not linked to customer relations, such as financial and industrial holdings; stakes in Funds & Investment Vehicles in tech companies; certain tax assets and liabilities; funds due to commitments to employees; goodwill and other intangible assets as well as such portfolios and assets’ funding. Additionally, the results obtained by BBVA USA and the rest of the companies included in the sale agreement to PNC until the closing of the transaction on June 1, 2021, are presented in a single line of the income statements called “Profit (loss) after taxes from discontinued operations”. Finally, the costs related to the BBVA, S.A. restructuring process carried out in Spain during the first half of the year 2021, are included in this aggregate and are recorded in the line “Net cost related to the restructuring process”.

In addition to these geographical breakdowns, supplementary information is provided for the wholesale business carried out by BBVA, Corporate & Investment Banking (CIB), in the countries where it operates. This business is relevant to have a broader understanding of the Group’s activity and results due to the important features of the type of customers served, products offered and risks assumed.

The information by business areas is based on units at the lowest level and/or companies that make up the Group, which are assigned to the different areas according to the main region or company group in which they carry out their activity. With regard to the information of the business areas, in the first quarter of 2022 the Group changed the allocation criteria for certain expenses related to global technology projects between the Corporate Center and the business areas, therefore, to ensure that year-on-year comparisons are homogeneous, the figures corresponding to the financial year 2021 have been restated, which did not affect the consolidated financial information of the Group. Also in the first quarter of 2022, an equity team from the Global Markets unit was transferred from Spain to New York, with the corresponding transfer of the costs associated with this relocation from the Spain area to the Rest of Business area.

Regarding the shareholders’ funds allocation, in the business areas, a capital allocation system based on the consumed regulatory capital is used.

Finally, it should be noted that, as usual, in the case of the different business areas, that is, Mexico, Turkey, South America and Rest of Business, and, additionally, CIB, in addition to the year-on-year variations applying current exchange rates, the variations at constant exchange rates are also disclosed.

 

GROSS INCOME (1), OPERATING INCOME (1) AND NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (1) BREAKDOWN (PERCENTAGE. JAN.-SEP. 2022)

 

LOGO

(1) Excludes the Corporate Center and the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain.


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   27

 

MAIN INCOME STATEMENT LINE ITEMS BY BUSINESS AREA (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

     

 

          Business areas              
      BBVA
Group
   Spain      Mexico      Turkey      South
America
     Rest of
Business
     Σ  Business
areas
    

Corporate

Center

Jan.-Sep.22

                       

Net interest income

   13,811      2,695        5,921        1,976        3,074        244        13,908      (97)

Gross income

   18,366      4,646        7,754        2,357        3,167        585        18,510      (144)

Operating income

   10,494      2,489        5,284        1,567        1,674        217        11,232      (737)

Profit (loss) before tax

   7,909      2,120        3,962        1,211        1,129        229        8,651      (741)
Net attributable profit (loss) excluding non-recurring impacts (1)    5,044      1,514        2,964        336        614        183        5,610      (566)
Net attributable profit (loss)    4,842      1,312        2,964        336        614        183        5,408      (566)

Jan.-Sep.21 (2)

                       

Net interest income

   10,708      2,634        4,280        1,651        2,061        211        10,836      (128)

Gross income

   15,589      4,514        5,558        2,414        2,294        605        15,384      206

Operating income

   8,613      2,259        3,592        1,679        1,204        278        9,012      (398)

Profit (loss) before tax

   6,182      1,616        2,534        1,503        649        294        6,595      (413)
Net attributable profit (loss) excluding non-recurring impacts (1)    3,727      1,191        1,799        583        327        229        4,129      (401)
Net attributable profit (loss)    3,311      1,191        1,799        583        327        229        4,129      (817)

(1) Non-recurring impacts include: (I) the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain in 2022; (II) the net costs related to the restructuring process; and (III) the profit (loss) after tax from discontinued operations derived from the sale of BBVA USA and the rest of the companies in the United States to PNC on June 1, 2021.

(2) Restated balances.

 

MAIN BALANCE-SHEET ITEMS AND RISK-WEIGHTED ASSETS BY BUSINESS AREA (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

        

 

                                                                                                                                                                 
            Business areas                       
      BBVA
Group
     Spain      Mexico      Turkey      South
America
     Rest of
Business
     Σ  Business
areas
    

Corporate

Center

     Deletions  

30-09-22

                          
Loans and advances to customers      361,731        176,152        73,530        36,898        41,017        35,319        362,917        161        (1,347)  

Deposits from customers

     389,705        212,863        76,623        47,198        44,547        8,751        389,981        185        (461)  

Off-balance sheet funds

     150,504        85,181        40,251        5,571        18,976        524        150,502        3         
Total assets/liabilities and equity      738,680        437,454        152,096        68,404        69,097        47,532        774,583        21,508        (57,411)  

RWAs

     341,685        108,733        80,491        53,435        51,484        35,559        329,702        11,983         

31-12-21

                          
Loans and advances to customers      318,939        171,081        55,809        31,414        34,608        26,965        319,877        1,006        (1,945)  

Deposits from customers

     349,761        206,663        64,003        38,341        36,340        6,266        351,613        175        (2,027)  

Off-balance sheet funds

     147,192        94,095        32,380        3,895        16,223        597        147,190        2         
Total assets/liabilities and equity      662,885        413,430        118,106        56,245        56,124        40,328        684,233        30,835        (52,182)  

RWAs

     307,795        113,797        64,573        49,718        43,334        29,280        300,703        7,092         


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NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES

          NUMBER OF BRANCHES
LOGO     

 

LOGO

    

NUMBER OF ATMS

    
LOGO     


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Spain

Highlights

 

   

Growth in lending activity in the year

 

   

Significant improvement in efficiency

 

   

Favorable evolution of net interest income and improvement in the customer spread

 

   

Solid risk indicators with a decrease in the balance of non-performing loans and the NPL ratio

 

BUSINESS ACTIVITY (1) (VARIATION COMPARED TO 31-12-21)

          NET INTEREST INCOME / AVERAGE TOTAL ASSETS (PERCENTAGE)
LOGO      LOGO

(1) Excluding repos.

    
    

OPERATING INCOME (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

     NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) (1) (MILLIONS OF EUROS)
LOGO     

LOGO

 

(1) Excludes the net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain in 2Q22.


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FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELEVANT BUSINESS INDICATORS (MILLIONS OF EUROS AND PERCENTAGE)

Income statement    Jan.-Sep.22    Δ %    Jan.-Sep.21 (1)

Net interest income

   2,695    2.3    2,634

Net fees and commissions

   1,635    2.4    1,596

Net trading income

   329    24.0    265

Other operating income and expenses

   (13)    n.s.    19

Of which: Insurance activities (2)

  

289

  

7.8

  

268

Gross income

   4,646    2.9    4,514

Operating expenses

   (2,157)    (4.3)    (2,254)

Personnel expenses

  

(1,169)

  

(8.6)

  

(1,279)

Other administrative expenses

  

(681)

  

5.0

  

(648)

Depreciation

  

(307)

  

(5.9)

  

(326)

Operating income

   2,489    10.2    2,259

Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss

   (332)    (17.3)    (402)

Provisions or reversal of provisions and other results

   (37)    (84.7)    (242)

Profit (loss) before tax

   2,120    31.2    1,616

Income tax

   (604)    42.6    (423)

Profit (loss) for the period

   1,516    27.2    1,192

Non-controlling interests

   (3)    35.6    (2)

Net attributable profit (loss) excluding non-recurring impacts

   1,514    27.1    1,191

Net impact arisen from the purchase of offices in Spain

   (201)    n.s.   

Net attributable profit (loss)

   1,312    10.2    1,191

(1) Restated balances. For more information, please refer to the “Business Areas” section.

 

(2) Includes premiums received net of estimated technical insurance reserves.

        
Balance sheets    30-09-22    Δ %    31-12-21

Cash, cash balances at central banks and other demand deposits

   48,898    85.3    26,386

Financial assets designated at fair value

   135,011    (7.2)    145,546

Of which: Loans and advances

  

36,529

  

(27.9)

  

50,633

Financial assets at amortized cost

   206,925    3.6    199,646

Of which: Loans and advances to customers

  

176,152

  

3.0

  

171,081

Inter-area positions

   37,726    11.1    33,972

Tangible assets

   2,941    16.1    2,534

Other assets

   5,953    11.3    5,346

Total assets/liabilities and equity

   437,454    5.8    413,430

Financial liabilities held for trading and designated at fair value through profit or loss

   87,972    8.1    81,376

Deposits from central banks and credit institutions

   67,373    23.0    54,759

Deposits from customers

   212,863    3.0    206,663

Debt certificates

   38,976    2.0    38,224

Inter-area positions

        

Other liabilities

   16,302    (11.4)    18,406

Regulatory capital allocated

   13,967    (0.3)    14,002
Relevant business indicators    30-09-22    Δ %    31-12-21

Performing loans and advances to customers under management (1)

   173,460    3.1    168,235

Non-performing loans

   8,146    (3.6)    8,450

Customer deposits under management (1)

   212,299    3.1    205,908

Off-balance sheet funds (2)

   85,181    (9.5)    94,095

Risk-weighted assets

   108,733    (4.5)    113,797

Efficiency ratio (%)

   46.4         51.7

NPL ratio (%)

   3.9         4.2

NPL coverage ratio (%)

   64         62

Cost of risk (%)

   0.24         0.30

(1) Excluding repos.

(2) Includes mutual funds, customer portfolios and pension funds.


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Macro and industry trends

Economic activity has been quite dynamic in the first half of the year 2022, despite the war in Ukraine. However, this has put upward pressure on energy and food prices, contributing to a rise in inflation to 9.0% in September. According to BBVA Research, GDP is expected to grow by 4.4% this year, three-tenths of a percentage point higher than the previous forecast, an adjustment mainly driven by the surprising GDP growth in the second quarter of the year. The interest rate hikes by the ECB, disruptions in the gas market and the global and European slowdown are expected to moderate the economy, and GDP growth in 2023 would stand around 1.0, about 0.8 percentage points less than previous expectations by BBVA Research. Inflation will remain higher than previously forecast and above the ECB target of 2%, especially in 2022, but also in 2023 (averaging around 9.3% in 2022 and 4.8% in 2023).

With regard to the banking system, credit to the private sector increased slightly by 1.0% year-on-year as of July 2022, following an overall decrease of 0.1% in 2021. The non-performing loan (“NPL”) ratio continued to fall and stood at 3.85% in July 2022, 54 basis points lower than July 2021 and 44 basis points better than end-2021. The system also maintains comfortable solvency and liquidity levels.

Activity

The most relevant aspects related to the area’s activity during the first nine months of 2022 were:

 

   

Lending activity (performing loans under management) was higher than at the end of 2021 (+3.1%), due largely to the growth in business segments, especially corporate loans (+12.7%) and SMEs (+9.5%), as well as higher consumer balances (+5.5%, including credit cards).

 

   

Total customer funds remained stable, with a variation of -0.8% compared to 2021 year-end. In the first nine months of the year 2022, off-balance sheet funds recorded a decrease of 9.5%, mainly due to the negative effect of market evolution, despite the positive net contributions. For its part, the balance of customer deposits under management increased by 3.1% between January and September with an increase in demand deposits by 3.3% and 1.6% in time deposits.

The most relevant of the evolution of the area’s activity in the third quarter of 2022 has been:

 

   

Lending activity remained flat compared to the previous quarter (+0.1%), mainly due to the seasonal reduction in loans to the public sector (-12.7%) and impacted by lower mortgage balances (-1.5%). This was partially offset by growth in corporate loans (+8.2%), loans to SMEs (+1.7%) and consumer loans (+1.4% including credit cards).

 

   

With regard to asset quality, the NPL ratio decreased 13 basis points in the quarter to 3.9% with a decrease in non-performing loans (-2.8%), lower NPL entries together with proactive management of recoveries and write-offs. In terms of coverage, the ratio increased in the quarter to 64%.

 

   

Total customer funds also remained flat between July and September. By product, growth in time deposits (+13.0%), reduction in off-balance sheet funds (-1.9%, affected by the unfavorable market evolution) and flat evolution in demand deposits (-0.2%).

Results

Spain generated a net attributable profit of 1,514m between January and September of 2022, up 27.1% from the result achieved in the same period of the previous year, due to the dynamism of recurring income from banking activity (net interest income and fees) and net trading income (NTI), which together with lower operating expenses and provisions, have driven the year-on-year evolution. This result does not include the net impact of -201m from the purchase of offices from Merlin, recorded in the second quarter of the year. If this impact is taken into account, the cumulative net attributable profit of the area at the end of September 2022 stands at 1,312m, 10.2% above the net attributable profit for the same period of the previous year.

The most notable aspects of the year-on-year changes in the area’s income statement at the end of September 2022 were:

 

   

Net interest income registered a year-on-year increase of 2.3%, mainly as a result of higher volumes and rates in the managed loan portfolio.

 

   

Net fees and commissions had a positive performance (+2.4% year-on-year), mainly supported by a greater contribution from fees and commissions associated with banking services.

 

   

NTI at the end of September 2022 was 24.0% above the one achieved in the same period of the previous year, mainly due to the greater contribution of the Global Markets unit.

 

   

The other operating income and expenses line compares negatively to the first nine months of the previous year, mainly due to the higher contribution to the SRF, which was partially offset by the good performance of the insurance business (+7.8%).

 

   

Year-on-year decrease in operating expenses (-4.3%), mainly due to lower personnel expenses as a result of the staff reduction.

 

   

As a result of gross income growth and the declined expenses, the efficiency ratio stood at 46.4%, representing a significant improvement compared to the 49.9% recorded at the end of September 2021.

 

   

Impairment on financial assets was 17.3% below the one recorded in the first nine months of 2021, due to the good performance of the underlying asset between January and September of 2022. As a result thereof, the accumulated cost of risk at the end of September 2022 stood at 0.24%, still contained, although slightly above the 0.20% at the end of June as a result of the usual review of the parameters used in estimation models.

 

   

The provisions and other results line closed the first nine months of the year at -37m, which compares very positively with last year, due to, among other factors, the higher results from real estate asset sales and lower provisions for off-balance sheet risks, compared to the same period in 2021.

In the third quarter of 2022, Spain generated a net attributable profit of 504m a 142.4% compared to the previous quarter, which included the net impact of the purchase of offices from Merlin and the contribution to the SRF.


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Mexico

Highlights

 

   

Balanced investment growth in the first nine months

 

   

Good performance of recurring income and NTI

 

   

Significant improvement in the efficiency ratio

 

   

Excellent net attributable profit in the quarter

 

BUSINESS ACTIVITY (1) (VARIATION AT CONSTANT

EXCHANGE RATE COMPARED TO 31-12-21)

  

        


  

NET INTEREST INCOME / AVERAGE TOTAL ASSETS

(PERCENTAGE AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATE)

     
LOGO       LOGO

(1) Excluding repos.

 

OPERATING INCOME (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT

CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATE)

  

        


  

NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) (MILLIONS OF

EUROS AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATE)

     
LOGO       LOGO

(1) At current exchange rate: +47.1%.

     

(1) At current exchange rate: +64.7%.


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   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELEVANT BUSINESS INDICATORS (MILLIONS OF EUROS AND PERCENTAGE)

 

 

Income statement    Jan.-Sep.22     Δ %      Δ % (1)     Jan.-Sep.21 (2)  

Net interest income

     5,921       38.3        23.9       4,280  

Net fees and commissions

     1,174       30.7        17.0       898  

Net trading income

     324       27.9        14.5       253  

Other operating income and expenses

     336       165.2        137.4       127  

Gross income

     7,754       39.5        24.9       5,558  

Operating expenses

     (2,470     25.7        12.5       (1,966

Personnel expenses

     (1,117     30.9        17.2       (853

Other administrative expenses

     (1,062     22.0        9.2       (871

Depreciation

     (291     20.3        7.7       (242

Operating income

     5,284       47.1        31.7       3,592  

Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss

     (1,277     18.7        6.3       (1,075

Provisions or reversal of provisions and other results

     (45     n.s.        n.s.       18  

Profit (loss) before tax

     3,962       56.4        40.0       2,534  

Income tax

     (998     35.8        21.6       (735

Profit (loss) for the period

     2,964       64.7        47.5       1,799  

Non-controlling interests

     (1     62.6        45.6       (0

Net attributable profit (loss)

     2,964       64.7        47.5       1,799  
(1) At constant exchange rate.          

(2) Restated balances. For more information, please refer to the “Business Areas” section.

         
Balance sheets    30-09-22     Δ %      Δ % (1)     31-12-21  

Cash, cash balances at central banks and other demand deposits

     16,580       27.7        8.4       12,985  

Financial assets designated at fair value

     44,091       25.5        6.5       35,126  

Of which: Loans and advances

     1,265       51.4        28.5       835  

Financial assets at amortized cost

     85,836       31.4        11.5       65,311  

Of which: Loans and advances to customers

     73,530       31.8        11.8       55,809  

Tangible assets

     1,993       15.2        (2.3     1,731  

Other assets

     3,596       21.8        3.3       2,953  

Total assets/liabilities and equity

     152,096       28.8        9.3       118,106  

Financial liabilities held for trading and designated at fair value through profit or loss

     30,801       55.2        31.7       19,843  

Deposits from central banks and credit institutions

     7,319       124.0        90.1       3,268  

Deposits from customers

     76,623       19.7        1.6       64,003  

Debt certificates

     8,511       6.6        (9.5     7,984  

Other liabilities

     19,206       21.7        3.3       15,779  

Regulatory capital allocated

     9,637       33.3        13.1       7,229  
Relevant business indicators    30-09-22     Δ %      Δ % (1)     31-12-21  

Performing loans and advances to customers under management (2)

     74,199       32.7        12.6       55,926  

Non-performing loans

     2,017       5.0        (10.9     1,921  

Customer deposits under management (2)

     75,530       19.2        1.2       63,349  

Off-balance sheet funds (3)

     40,251       24.3        5.5       32,380  

Risk-weighted assets

     80,491       24.7        5.8       64,573  

Efficiency ratio (%)

     31.9                        35.3  

NPL ratio (%)

     2.5                        3.2  

NPL coverage ratio (%)

     133                        106  

Cost of risk (%)

     2.57                        2.67  

(1) At constant exchange rate.

(2) Excluding repos.

(3) Includes mutual funds, customer portfolios and other off-balance sheet funds.


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Macro and industry trends

Economic growth has picked up during the first half of 2022, mainly due to the good performance of domestic demand. GDP growth will be around 2.0% in the year, according to BBVA Research (unchanged from the previous forecast). It is also expected that growth will moderate significantly going forward and GDP will expand by 0.6% in 2023 (1 percentage point less than the previous forecast). The slowdown in the United States economy and the high inflation (around 8.0% in 2022 and 5.9% in 2023, on average) will foreseeably contribute to the slowdown in economic growth. This may require Banxico to raise interest rates to around 10.75% in the coming months.

With regards to the banking system, based on July 2022 data, lending volumes grew by 10.9% in the past year, at similar growth rates in the main portfolios: housing credit (+11.1%), consumer credit (+13.2%), and corporate credit (+11.7%) while deposits (demand and time deposits) increased by 9.6% year-on-year. The NPL ratio in the system decreased to 2.34% in July 2022 and capital indicators are within comfortable levels.

Unless expressly stated otherwise, all the comments below on rates of change, for both activity and results, will be given at constant exchange rate. These rates, together with changes at current exchange rates, can be found in the attached tables of financial statements and relevant business indicators.

Activity

The most relevant aspects related to the area’s activity during the first nine months of 2022 were:

 

   

Lending activity (performing loans under management) grew 12.6% between January and September 2022, with growth in the wholesale portfolio slightly above that of the retail portfolio. The wholesale portfolio, which includes larger companies and the public sector, recorded a growth of 12.2%, due to commercial efforts to attract and retain new customers. For its part, the retail segment accelerated its rate of growth to 11.4%. Within this segment, consumer loans (+13.3%), mortgage loans (+8.9%), and SMEs (+16.7%) stood out. The aforementioned has supported a stable composition in lending activity, where approximately half of the investment is located in each of the portfolios.

 

   

Customer deposits under management increased in the first nine months of 2022 (+1.2%). This performance is explained by both the growth in time deposits (+6.7%) and demand deposits (+0.1%). For its part, off-balance sheet funds grew at a rate of 5.5% between January and September 2022.

The most relevant of the evolution of the area’s activity in the third quarter of 2022 has been:

 

   

Lending activity increased by 3.1% in the quarter, with growth in the retail segment (+3.9%) showing greater dynamism in demand (mainly in consumer loans, mortgage loans and credit cards) above the wholesale segment (+2.1%) where corporate banking and loans to developers stood out.

 

   

With regard to the asset quality indicators, the NPL ratio stood at 2.5% at the end of September, which represents an improvement of 28 basis points in the quarter, as a result of a generalized increase in activity, with a decrease in non-performing loans due to the good performance of wholesale recoveries and repayments. For its part, the NPL coverage ratio recorded a significant improvement in the quarter and stood at 133% at the end of September.

 

   

Total funds under management remained stable in the quarter (-0.4%) with growth in mutual funds and reduction in customer deposits explained by the withdrawal of balances from a wholesale customer.

Results

In Mexico, BBVA achieved a net attributable profit of 2,964m between January and September 2022, representing an increase of 47.5% compared to the first nine months of 2021, mainly as a result of the dynamism of the net interest income. In the lower part of the statement, a contained loan-loss provisions and an increase in operating expenses were recorded, which were offset by the good performance of recurring income.

The most relevant aspects of the year-on-year changes in the income statement at the end of September 2022 are summarized below:

 

   

Net interest income increased by 23.9%, mainly as a result of the higher volume of customer portfolio loans and the improvement in the customer spread, supported by the successive rate hikes accumulated by the central bank (375 basis points so far this year).

 

   

Net fees and commissions increased by 17.0% thanks to the higher level of transactions, especially on credit cards, as well as those arising from mutual funds management.

 

   

NTI increased by 14.5% year-on-year, mainly due to the excellent results of the Global Markets unit.

 

   

The other operating income and expenses line recorded a year-on-year growth of 137.4%, due to higher results of the insurance business.

 

   

Operating expenses increased (+12.5%), mainly due to higher personnel expenses, impacted by the employee internalization process carried out in the second half of 2021. General expenses also increased, in an environment of rising prices where certain expenses are indexed to inflation, as well as by higher marketing and technology expenses. Notwithstanding the above, there was significant improvement of 351 basis points in the efficiency ratio, which stood at 31.9% compared to 35.4% recorded twelve months earlier.

 

   

Increase in the impairment on financial assets line (+6.3%), due to higher loan loss-provisions in the retail portfolio. As a result of the above, the cumulative cost of risk at the end of September 2022 stood at 2.57%, in line with the previous quarter.

 

   

Provisions and other results showed an unfavorable comparison, mainly due to provisions for commitments with personnel.

In the quarter, excluding the exchange rate effects, BBVA Mexico generated a net attributable profit of 1,092m, a growth of 4.7% compared to the previous quarter. This result was driven by the good performance of recurring revenue items (+9.4%), especially, net interest income, which benefited from the improved customer spread.


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Turkey

Highlights

 

   

Growth in activity, again driven by loans and deposits in Turkish lira

 

   

Lower hyperinflation adjustment in the quarter

 

   

Strength of risk indicators

 

   

Year-on-year growth in net attributable profit

 

BUSINESS ACTIVITY (1) (VARIATION AT CONSTANT

EXCHANGE RATE COMPARED TO 31-12-21)

 

            

  

NET INTEREST INCOME / AVERAGE TOTAL ASSETS

(PERCENTAGE AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATE)

    
LOGO      LOGO

(1) Excluding repos.

 

OPERATING INCOME (MILLIONS OF EUROS

AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATE)

  

        

  

NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT

CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATE)

     
LOGO       LOGO

(1) At current exchange rate: -6.7%.

     

(1) At current exchange rate: -42.3%.


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  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELEVANT BUSINESS INDICATORS (MILLIONS OF EUROS AND PERCENTAGE)

Income statement    Jan.-Sep.22     Δ %     Δ % (1)     Jan.-Sep.21 (2)  

Net interest income

     1,976       19.7       122.9       1,651  

Net fees and commissions

     452       2.1       90.1       443  

Net trading income

     591       147.6       n.s.       239  

Other operating income and expenses

     (662     n.s.       n.s.       81  

Gross income

     2,357       (2.3     81.9       2,414  

Operating expenses

     (790     7.5       100.3       (735

Personnel expenses

     (454     7.7       100.6       (421

Other administrative expenses

     (240     9.7       104.3       (219

Depreciation

     (96     1.6       89.2       (95

Operating income

     1,567       (6.7     73.8       1,679  

Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss

     (285     21.2       125.8       (235

Provisions or reversal of provisions and other results

     (71     n.s.       n.s.       59  

Profit (loss) before tax

     1,211       (19.4     50.1       1,503  

Income tax

     (891     176.3       n.s.       (323

Profit (loss) for the period

     320       (72.9     (49.6     1,180  

Non-controlling interests

     17       n.s.       n.s.       (598

Net attributable profit (loss)

     336       (42.3     7.4       583  

(1) At constant exchange rate.

(2) Restated balances due to reallocation of some technology expenses. For more information, please refer to the “Business Areas” section.

        
Balance sheets    30-09-22     Δ %     Δ (1)     31-12-21  

Cash, cash balances at central banks and other demand deposits

     8,110       4.5       24.0       7,764  

Financial assets designated at fair value

     5,558       5.1       24.7       5,289  

Of which: Loans and advances

                       295  

Financial assets at amortized cost

     52,000       25.2       48.6       41,544  

Of which: Loans and advances to customers

     36,898       17.5       39.4       31,414  

Tangible assets

     960       54.1       82.9       623  

Other assets

     1,776       73.4       105.8       1,025  

Total assets/liabilities and equity

     68,404       21.6       44.4       56,245  

Financial liabilities held for trading and designated at fair value through profit or loss

     2,418       6.4       26.4       2,272  

Deposits from central banks and credit institutions

     3,999       (2.1     16.2       4,087  

Deposits from customers

     47,198       23.1       46.1       38,341  

Debt certificates

     3,379       (6.6     10.9       3,618  

Other liabilities

     4,850       123.9       165.8       2,166  

Regulatory capital allocated

     6,561       13.9       35.2       5,761  
Relevant business indicators    30-09-22     Δ %     Δ % (1)     31-12-21  

Performing loans and advances to customers under management (2)

     36,515       19.3       41.6       30,610  

Non-performing loans

     2,822       (5.8     11.8       2,995  

Customer deposits under management (2)

     47,195       23.1       46.2       38,335  

Off-balance sheet funds (3)

     5,571       43.0       69.8       3,895  

Risk-weighted assets

     53,435       7.5       27.6       49,718  

Efficiency ratio (%)

     33.5                       29.5  

NPL ratio (%)

     5.6                       7.1  

NPL coverage ratio (%)

     86                       75  

Cost of risk (%)

     0.89                       1.33  

(1) At constant exchange rate.

(2) Excluding repos.

(3) Includes mutual funds and pension funds.

        


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Macro and industry trends

Despite the complex local and global macroeconomic environment, economic activity has been stronger than expected in the first half of the year. According to BBVA Research’s estimates, the resilience in activity could lead to growth of 6.0% in 2022. This figure is significantly higher than the 5.0% forecast 3 months ago. Moreover, the relative strength of demand, high commodity prices and the sharp depreciation of the Turkish lira in a context of negative interest rates in real terms (further after the recently announced interest rate cuts by the central bank) have contributed to an inflationary spike, with annual inflation reaching 83.5% in September 2022. According to BBVA Research’s estimates, growth could slow down to 3.5% in 2023, therefore reducing inflationary pressure and improving the external balances. However, the economic environment remains highly unstable due to the combination of high inflation, very low real interest rates, pressure on the Turkish lira, high external funding needs and the current global context.

Total credit volumes in the banking system increased by 70.4% year-on-year in local currency terms as of August 2022 (+63.9% growth in the Turkish lira portfolio and +82.3% growth in the foreign currency credit portfolio). Meanwhile, deposits grew by 97.8%, adjusted, these growth rates, for both inflation and the depreciation of the Turkish lira. The system’s NPL ratio stood at 2.38% in August 2022 (3.67% in July 2021 and 3.16% at the end of 2021).

Unless expressly stated otherwise, all comments below on rates of changes for both activity and income, will be presented at constant exchange rates. For the conversion of these figures, the exchange rate as of September 30, 2022 is used. These rates, together with changes at current exchange rates, can be observed in the attached tables of the financial statements and relevant business indicators.

Activity

The most relevant aspects related to the area’s activity during the first nine months of 2022 were:

 

   

Lending activity (performing loans under management) increased by 41.6% between January and September 2022, driven by the growth in Turkish lira loans (+55.6%). This growth was mainly supported by commercial loans and, to a lesser extent, credit cards and consumer loans. Regarding foreign currency loans (in U.S. dollars) deleveraging continues (-16.9%).

 

   

Customer deposits under management (69% of the area’s total liabilities as of September 30, 2022) remained the main source of funding for the balance sheet and increased by 46.2%. Especially noteworthy is the positive performance of Turkish lira time deposits (+87.8%), which represent a 72.4% of total customer deposits in local currency, as well as demand deposits (+77.8%). Balances deposited in foreign currency (in U.S. dollars) continued their downward path and decreased by 10.8%. For its part, off-balance sheet funds grew by 69.8%.

The most relevant of the evolution of the area’s activity in the second quarter of 2022 has been:

 

   

Lending activity was above the previous quarter (+8.4%), with a positive evolution of the Turkish lira loans, highlighting corporates (+14.6%), credit cards (+27.4%) and consumer loans (+9.7%).

 

   

In terms of asset quality, the NPL ratio decreased by 32 basis points compared to the rate reached at the end of June 2022 to 5.6%, due to the increase in loans in Turkish lira, together with a slight decline in NPL balance, where recoveries have offset new inflows. The NPL coverage ratio improved to 86% as of September 30, 2022.

 

   

Total funds under management showed a positive quarterly evolution (+15.7%), highlighting the growth of time deposits (+24.1%) and the dynamism of demand deposits (+22.2%), in local currency, as well as the growth of off-balance sheet funds (+18.1%).

Results

Turkey generated a net attributable profit of 336m between January and September 2022. This result includes the application of hyperinflation accounting in Turkey, with effect from January 1, 2022 which includes, among others, the loss of the net monetary position for a gross amount of 2,070m, partially offset by the gross impact of income from inflation-linked bonds (CPI linkers) of 1,351m, both recorded in the “Other operating income and expenses” line, as well as the impact of applying the period-end exchange rate as of September 30, 2022. These results are not comparable with those from the first nine months of 2021, as accounting for hyperinflation has been applied since January 1, 2022.

The most significant aspects of quarterly evolution in the area’s income statement were:

 

   

Net interest income recorded significant growth (+27.7%), due to higher Turkish lira loan volumes and the improvement in customer spread.

 

   

Net fees and commissions increased by 3.0%, mainly driven by the positive performance in payment systems, money transfers and brokerage activity.

 

   

Income from NTI was below the previous quarter (-5.1%), mainly due to lower gains from derivatives transactions, as well as to a lower currency position.

 

   

Other operating income and expenses line includes, among others, the aforementioned loss in the value of the net monetary position due to the country’s inflation rate, which was lower than that of the previous quarter. It should be noted that said loss is partially offset by the income derived from inflation-linked bonds (CPI linkers), which were lower between July and September, in relation to those obtained in the first quarter of 2022. Despite the above, there has been a greater contribution to the Deposit Guarantee Fund and higher income from the subsidiaries of Garanti BBVA.

 

   

Operating expenses increased (+16.4%), mainly due to higher personnel expenses.

 

   

Regarding the impairment on financial assets, they increased by 52.3% mainly due to the increase in coverage for individual clients that are sensitive to the depreciation of the Turkish lira, and greater impairment needs in the debt securities portfolio. The accumulated cost of risk at the end of September 2022 recorded a slight increase to 0.89% from the 0.88% accumulated at the end of the previous quarter, supported by the growth in lending activity.

 

   

The provisions and other results line closed September with a higher loss than the previous quarter, mainly due to the results from real estate sales carried out in the previous quarter.


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South America

Highlights

 

   

Growth in lending activity and customer funds

 

   

Improvement of the NPL ratio and coverage stability

 

   

Favorable behavior of net interest income and NTI in the quarter

 

   

Stability of the efficiency ratio in the quarter despite the growth of expenses in an inflationary environment

 

BUSINESS ACTIVITY (1) (VARIATION AT CONSTANT

EXCHANGE RATES COMPARED TO 31-12-21)

 

        

  

NET INTEREST INCOME / AVERAGE TOTAL ASSETS

(PERCENTAGE AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

LOGO      LOGO

(1) Excluding repos.

    

 

OPERATING INCOME (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT

CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

    

NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) (MILLIONS OF

EUROS AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

LOGO      LOGO

(1) At current exchange rates: +39.0%.

    

(1) At current exchange rates: +87.4%.


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FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELEVANT BUSINESS INDICATORS (MILLIONS OF EUROS AND PERCENTAGE)

 

Income statement    Jan.-Sep.22      Δ %      Δ % (1)       Jan.-Sep.21 (2)  

Net interest income

     3,074        49.2        51.8        2,061  

Net fees and commissions

     609        42.9        41.7        426  

Net trading income

     355        41.6        39.5        250  

Other operating income and expenses

     (870)        96.3        102.9        (443)  

Gross income

     3,167        38.1        38.9        2,294  

Operating expenses

     (1,494)        37.0        38.3        (1,090)  

Personnel expenses

     (714)        37.7        39.2        (519)  

Other administrative expenses

     (650)        39.7        42.2        (465)  

Depreciation

     (130)        21.9        17.4        (107)  

Operating income

     1,674        39.0        39.5        1,204  

Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss

     (482)        (5.2)        (8.7)        (508)  

Provisions or reversal of provisions and other results

     (63)        33.8        27.0        (47)  

Profit (loss) before tax

     1,129        74.0        81.4        649  

Income tax

     (234)        15.7        18.3        (202)  

Profit (loss) for the period

     895        100.3        110.7        447  

Non-controlling interests

     (281)        135.9        144.0        (119)  

Net attributable profit (loss)

     614        87.4        98.3        327  
(1) At constant exchange rates.            
(2) Restated balances. For more information, please refer to the “Business Areas” section.            
Balance sheets    30-09-22      Δ %      Δ % (1)      31-12-21  

Cash, cash balances at central banks and other demand deposits

     9,752        14.1        8.6        8,549  

Financial assets designated at fair value

     11,690        62.9        55.1        7,175  

Of which: Loans and advances

     143        (8.9)        (10.7)        157  

Financial assets at amortized cost

     44,431        17.7        10.5        37,747  

Of which: Loans and advances to customers

     41,017        18.5        10.1        34,608  

Tangible assets

     1,178        31.7        27.5        895  

Other assets

     2,046        16.4        13.8        1,758  

Total assets/liabilities and equity

     69,097        23.1        16.2        56,124  

Financial liabilities held for trading and designated at fair value through profit or loss

     3,561        89.0        80.5        1,884  

Deposits from central banks and credit institutions

     6,113        11.1        (1.4)        5,501  

Deposits from customers

     44,547        22.6        15.7        36,340  

Debt certificates

     3,278        2.0        (4.4)        3,215  

Other liabilities

     5,293        25.8        29.6        4,207  

Regulatory capital allocated

     6,305        26.7        19.6        4,977  
Relevant business indicators    30-09-22      Δ %      Δ % (1)      31-12-21  

Performing loans and advances to customers under management (2)

     41,019        18.6        10.2        34,583  

Non-performing loans

     1,981        9.3        0.1        1,813  

Customer deposits under management (3)

     44,578        22.6        15.7        36,364  

Off-balance sheet funds (4)

     18,976        17.0        5.9        16,223  

Risk-weighted assets

     51,484        18.8        12.1        43,334  

Efficiency ratio (%)

     47.2                          48.2  

NPL ratio (%)

     4.1                          4.5  

NPL coverage ratio (%)

     100                          99  

Cost of risk (%)

     1.43                          1.65  

(1) At constant exchange rates.

(2) Excluding repos.

(3) Excluding repos and including specific marketable debt securities.

(4) Includes mutual funds, customer portfolios in Colombia and Peru and pension funds.


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SOUTH AMERICA. DATA PER COUNTRY (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

 

     Operating income       Net attributable profit (loss)  

Country

     Jan.-Sep.22        Δ %        Δ % (1)        Jan.-Sep. 21 (2)      Jan.-Sep.22        Δ %        Δ % (1)      Jan.-Sep. 21 (2) 

Argentina

     321        81.6        n.s.        177       156        n.s.        n.s.        39  

Colombia

     503        20.4        17.7        417       207        32.9        29.9        156  

Peru

     680        34.9        19.3        504       168        122.3        96.5        76  

Other countries (3)

     171        60.7        55.1        106       83        44.4        40.3        57  

Total

     1,674        39.0        39.5        1,204       614        87.4        98.3        327  

(1) Figures at constant exchange rates.

(2) Restated balances. For more information, please refer to the “Business Areas” section.

(3) Bolivia, Chile (Forum), Uruguay and Venezuela. Additionally, it includes eliminations and other charges.

 

SOUTH AMERICA. RELEVANT BUSINESS INDICATORS PER COUNTRY (MILLIONS OF EUROS)

 

     Argentina      Colombia      Peru  
      30-09-22      31-12-21      30-09-22      31-12-21      30-09-22      31-12-21  

Performing loans and advances to customers under management (1) (2)

     4,101        2,705        14,662        12,588        17,972        18,101  

Non-performing loans and guarantees given (1)

     65        66        679        711        1,135        1,124  

Customer deposits under management (1) (3)

     7,411        4,937        14,522        13,078        18,198        16,231  

Off-balance sheet funds (1) (4)

     2,337        1,393        2,287        2,425        1,516        1,901  

Risk-weighted assets

     7,574        6,775        17,134        14,262        21,316        18,016  

Efficiency ratio (%)

     65.4        69.0        36.6        37.0        36.9        38.2  

NPL ratio (%)

     1.5        2.3        4.2        5.0        4.9        4.9  

NPL coverage ratio (%)

     165        146        107        103        89        89  

Cost of risk (%)

     2.53        2.20        1.50        1.85        1.20        1.59  

(1)  Figures at constant exchange rates.

(2)  Excluding repos.

(3)  Excluding repos and including specific marketable debt securities.

(4)  Includes mutual funds and customer portfolios (in Colombia and Peru).

Unless expressly stated otherwise, all the comments below on rates of change, for both activity and results, will be given at constant exchange rates. These rates, together with the changes at current exchange rates, can be found in the attached tables of the financial statements and relevant business indicators.

Activity and results

The most relevant aspects related to the area’s activity during the first nine months of 2022 were:

 

   

Lending activity (performing loans under management) increased +10.2% in the first nine months of 2022, with growth in all segments, particularly in the corporates (+7.5%) consumer (+17.6%) and credit cards (+36.5%) portfolios.

 

   

Customer funds under management increased (+12.6%) compared to the closing balances at the end of 2021, with growth focused on time deposits (+58.3%) in an environment of rising reference rates in broadly the entire region and, to a lesser extent, on off-balance sheet funds (+5.9%) and demand deposits (+2.0%)

The most relevant aspects of the evolution of the area’s activity in the quarter were:

 

   

Lending activity (performing loans under management) was higher than in the previous quarter (+3.4%) with growth in all segments except the public sector, in particular, the corporate (+3.6%), consumer (+3.7%) and credit cards (+9.3%) portfolios.

 

   

With regard to asset quality, the NPL ratio stood at 4.1%, with a decrease of 4 basis points in the quarter, supported by the aforementioned growth in activity, mainly due to the reduction originating in Colombia, as a result of both increased activity and the proactive management of recoveries and write-offs. For its part, the NPL coverage rate reached 100%.

 

   

Total customer funds increased in the quarter, boosted by growth in time deposits (+16.9%) and off-balance sheet funds (+5.1%). For its part, demand deposits remained stable in the quarter (-0.1%).

South America generated a net attributable profit of 614m in the first nine months of 2022, which represents a year-on-year variation of +98.3%, mainly due to the improved performance of recurring income (+50.0%) and NTI, which together with lower loan-loss requirements, more than offset the growth of expenses in a highly inflationary environment throughout the region. At the end of September 2022, the cumulative impact of the hyperinflation in Argentina in the “Other operating income and expenses” line was -669m, notably above the -271m accumulated at the end of September 2021 under this caption.

In the third quarter of 2022, and excluding the effect of exchange rate fluctuations, South America generated a net attributable profit of 217m, 11.4% below the previous quarter, which is mainly explained by a more negative adjustment for inflation in Argentina.


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More detailed information on the most representative countries of the business area is provided below:

Argentina

Macro and industry trends

In a less favorable global economic backdrop, the difficulty in correcting current macroeconomic distortions, further exacerbated by the uncertainty of meeting the objectives established in the loan agreement reached in March 2022 with the International Monetary Fund, volatility in the financial markets has increased significantly in recent months, particularly in the foreign exchange and the local currency government debt markets. High uncertainty regarding future policy developments exists. However, BBVA Research believes that inflation, which was 83.0% in September, will rise further. It also forecasts GDP growth by 4.0% in 2022 (above the previous forecast of 2.5%, largely due to the relatively positive GDP figure for the second quarter, which was stronger than expected) and slightly shrinking in 2023.

Banking system’s balances continue to be driven by high inflation. At the end of August 2022, total lending accelerated after growing

67.6% compared to the same month of 2021, supported by both consumer and corporate portfolios, reaching a year-on-year growth of 73.8% and 65.4%, respectively. Meanwhile, deposits moderated their growth compared to previous months, growing in August 2022, 42.6% year-on-year. Finally, the NPL ratio continued to fall to 3.1% in July 2022 (210 basis points less than the same month of 2021).

Activity and results

 

   

Lending activity increased by 51.6% compared to the close of December 2021, well below inflation, with growth in both the business portfolio (+62.6%) and the retail portfolio (+44.6%), highlighting in the latter credit cards (+43.6%) and, to a lesser extent, consumer loans (+49.8%). In the quarter, the NPL ratio stood at 1.5% with an increase in non-performing loans compared to the previous quarter due to higher entries in the retail and the wholesale portfolio, affected by a significant customer, although the rate is below the end of 2021. For its part, the NPL coverage ratio decreased to 165% due to the aforementioned increase in non-performing loans in the quarter.

 

   

Balance sheet funds grew by 50.1% in the first nine months of 2022, mainly driven by the evolution of time deposits, and off-balance sheet funds (mutual funds) grew by 67.8% in the same period.

 

   

The cumulative net attributable profit at the end of September 2022 stood at 156m, well above the figure achieved in the first nine months of 2021, mainly driven by the boost in the securities portfolio and, to a lesser extent, the impact of interest rate hikes, both impacting net interest income. The year-on-year performance of commissions was also positive, highlighting payment channels, as well as the evolution of NTI. The aforementioned was offset by a more negative inflation adjustment and higher expenses. In the third quarter of 2022, the growth in NTI, provided the higher volume of securities and futures trading operations, together with a less negative adjustment for inflation and the control of operating expenses, contributed to offsetting the lower recurring revenue performance.

Colombia

Macro and industry trends

Economic activity in general and domestic demand, in particular, have been more dynamic than expected in recent months. Thus, growth in 2022 could be 7.6%, significantly higher than the previous forecast of 6.8% by BBVA Research. In addition, high inflation has contributed to the Bank of the Republic raising interest rates in October to 10.0% from 1.75% in August 2021. Against this backdrop, BBVA Research forecasts that, with additional interest rate hikes on the horizon, inflation will remain relatively high in 2022 (9.9%, on average) and ease somewhat in 2023 (9.1%, on average), and growth will slow down significantly at around 0.7% in 2023 (seven-tenths of a percentage point lower than the previous forecast).

In June 2022 total credit growth in the banking system stood at 14.9% year-on-year, mainly driven by loans to households. Corporate credit growth accelerated to 12.3% year-on-year in the same month. In addition, total deposits at the end of June 2022 increased at 13.6% year-on-year, characterized by term deposits’ recovery and certain restraint in demand deposits. The system’s NPL ratio fell to 3.71% in June 2022, down 94 basis points from the same month in 2021.

Activity and results

 

   

Lending activity continued to accelerate its growth rate compared to the end of 2021 by 16.5%, with a more dynamic performance in the wholesale portfolio (+24.7%), due to the behavior of the business portfolio. In terms of asset quality, the NPL ratio stood at 4.2% at the end of the first nine months of 2022, which represents a reduction of 16 basis points in the quarter due to an increase in the loan portfolio together with a slight decrease in non-performing loans. For its part, the NPL coverage ratio increased in the quarter to 107%.

 

   

Customer deposits under management increased by 11.0% during the first nine months of 2022, as a result of the growth in time deposits (+37.2%) -resulting from the successive rate hikes implemented by the central bank- which offset the drop of demand deposits (-1.5%) and off-balance sheet funds (-5.7%). Between July and September, customer deposits fell by 2.1%, with growth in time deposits, which could’t offset the reduction in demand deposits. For its part, off-balance sheet funds increased by 2.1% over the same time horizon.

 

   

The net attributable profit in the first nine months of 2022 stood at 207m, or 29.9% above that achieved in the same period of the previous year, due to the boost in recurring revenue and the NTI, as well as lower provisions for impairment on financial assets. The foregoing offset the increase in operating expenses and income tax as a result of the increase in the tax rate from 34% to 38%. In the third quarter of 2022, the increases in reference rates made by the central bank (250 basis points between July and September) had a negative impact on the net interest income -due to the remuneration of liabilities-. For its part, commissions showed a slight increase in the quarter (+3.5%) and NTI evolved positively (+8.9%)


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supported by the valuation of the derivatives portfolio and treasury gains. Lastly, there was an increase in provisions for impairment of financial assets (+7.0%) and in operating expenses (+9.4%).

Peru

Macro and industry trends

Activity indicators have been more positive than expected in the first months of the year, in part due to the process of economic reopening after pandemic-related mobility restrictions, the high level of private savings and tax stimulus measures. High inflation, tightening of monetary conditions and the global slowdown in economic growth will negatively impact future growth. Therefore, BBVA Research expects for 2022 a growth of around 2.3% — unchanged from the previous forecast — while it expects a growth rate of 2.5% in 2023, three-tenths of a percentage point lower than expected three months ago. Inflation is expected to remain high in 2022 (around 7.7%, on average), but should ease somewhat in 2023 (around 5.3%, on average), due in part to the tightening of local monetary conditions.

Total credit growth in the banking system moderated to 5.3% year-on-year in July 2022. The sharp slowdown in corporate lending continues, with a flat balance (+0.3% year-on-year) in this segment. It keeps offsetting the strong momentum in consumer loans, which grew by 25.0% year-on-year in July. The mortgage portfolio has maintained a stable growth rate compared to previous months, reaching a year-on-year increase of 8.5% in July. The system’s total deposits decreased moderately (-1.1% year-on-year in July), with a greater contraction in demand deposits (-6.2% year-on-year), which contrasts with the strong rise in time deposits (+13.6% year-on-year,) growing the latter again after two years of falling balances. For its part, the system’s NPL ratio fell slightly and reached 3.07% in August 2022 (3 basis points below the same month in 2021).

Activity and results

 

   

Lending activity remained flat between January and September 2022 (-0.7%), with a very dynamic performance of consumer loans (+23.2%) and credit cards (+31.6%), which failed to offset the deleveraging of loans to corporates (-4.9%) in an environment of high competition, which failed to offset the amortizations of the program Reactiva Peru. In the quarter, the NPL ratio fell slightly to 4.9%, with a slight decrease in non-performing loans at constant exchange rate due to credit write-offs management. For its part, the NPL coverage ratio stood at 89%, in line with the previous quarter.

 

   

Customers funds under management increased by 8.7% in the first nine months of 2022, due to the strong boost in time deposits (+89.1%), supported by the rise in reference rates by the central bank, which offset lower balances in demand deposits (-2.9%) and in off-balance sheet funds (-20.2%).

 

   

BBVA Peru’s net attributable profit stood at 168m at the end of September 2022, 96.5% higher than the figure achieved at the end of the same month of the previous year. During the first nine months of 2022, recurring income grew by 20.0%, thanks to the favorable evolution of the net interest income, which benefited from the increase in the customer spread, the income from marketable debt securities and those derived from excess liquidity, and commissions. The aforementioned, together with the lower provisions for impairment on financial assets (-34.8%), offset the increase in operating expenses (+15.0%). In the third quarter, BBVA Peru continues to show an outstanding evolution in net interest income (+9.4%), due to the higher yield of surplus liquidity, supported by the higher reference rates and a positive evolution of the activity, which are offset by higher credit impairment requirements and higher operating expenses. As a result thereof, the result generated between July and September is 25.8% lower than the one of the previous quarter.


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Rest of Business

Highlights

 

   

Growth in lending activity and in customer funds in the first nine months of 2022

 

   

Strong net interest income, which grows at double-digit

 

   

Increase in operating expenses

 

   

The cost of risk remains at low levels

 

BUSINESS ACTIVITY (1) (VARIATION AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES COMPARED TO 31-12-21)

             

NET INTEREST INCOME / AVERAGE TOTAL ASSETS (PERCENTAGE AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

LOGO      LOGO
(1) Excluding repos.     

OPERATING INCOME (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

             

NET ATTRIBUTABLE PROFIT (LOSS) (MILLIONS OF EUROS AT CONSTANT EXCHANGE RATES)

LOGO     

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(1) At current exchange rates: -21.7%.      (1) At current exchange rates: -20.2%.


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FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELEVANT BUSINESS INDICATORS (MILLIONS OF EUROS AND PERCENTAGE)

 

Income statement    Jan.-Sep.22      Δ %      Δ % (1)       Jan.-Sep.21 (2)   

Net interest income

     244        15.6        10.7        211  

Net fees and commissions

     186        0.8        (5.3)        184  

Net trading income

     151        (23.1)        (28.0)        196  

Other operating income and expenses

     5        (64.1)        (67.7)        14  

Gross income

     585        (3.3)        (8.7)        605  

Operating expenses

     (367)        12.3        5.8        (327)  

Personnel expenses

     (189)        14.3        7.2        (165)  

Other administrative expenses

     (161)        10.1        4.0        (146)  

Depreciation

     (17)        11.5        7.2        (16)  

Operating income

     217        (21.7)        (25.9)        278  

Impairment on financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss

     (4)        n.s.        n.s.        20  

Provisions or reversal of provisions and other results

     15        n.s.        n.s.        (4)  

Profit (loss) before tax

     229        (22.0)        (26.4)        294  

Income tax

     (46)        (28.2)        (32.2)        (65)  

Profit (loss) for the period

     183        (20.2)        (24.8)        229  

Non-controlling interests

                           

Net attributable profit (loss)

     183        (20.2)        (24.8)        229  

(1) At constant exchange rates.

(2) Restated balances. For more information, please refer to the “Business Areas” section.

           
Balance sheets    30-09-22      Δ  %      Δ % (1)      31-12-21  

Cash, cash balances at central banks and other demand deposits

     4,918        23.9        7.3        3,970  

Financial assets designated at fair value

     3,967        (30.2)