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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

(Mark One)

 QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

or

 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from         to        

Commission File No. 001-33666

Archrock, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

74-3204509

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

9807 Katy Freeway, Suite 100, Houston, Texas 77024

(Address of principal executive offices, zip code)

(281) 836-8000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

  

Trading Symbol

  

Name of exchange on which registered

Common stock, $0.01 par value per share

AROC

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

Number of shares of the common stock of the registrant outstanding as of May 3, 2022: 155,215,024 shares.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Glossary

3

Forward-Looking Statements

4

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)

5

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

5

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

6

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

7

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity

8

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

9

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

10

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

23

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

29

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

29

Part II. Other Information

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

30

Item 1A. Risk Factors

30

Item 2. Purchases of Equity Securities by Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

30

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

30

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

30

Item 5. Other Information

30

Item 6. Exhibits

31

Signatures

32

2

GLOSSARY

The following terms and abbreviations appearing in the text of this report have the meanings indicated below.

2021 Form 10-K

Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021

2027 Notes

$500.0 million of 6.875% senior notes due April 2027, issued in March 2019

2028 Notes

$800.0 million of 6.25% senior notes due April 2028, $500.0 million of which was issued in December 2019, $300.0 million of which was issued in December 2020

Archrock, our, we, us

Archrock, Inc., individually and together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries

ATM Agreement

Equity Distribution Agreement, dated February 23, 2021, entered into with Wells Fargo Securities, LLC and BofA Securities, Inc., as sales agents, relating to the at-the-market offer and sale of shares of our common stock from time to time

Credit Facility

$750.0 million asset-based revolving credit facility due November 2024, as governed by Amendment No. 3 to Credit Agreement, dated February 22, 2021, which amended that Credit Agreement, dated as of March 30, 2017

ECOTEC

Ecotec International Holdings, LLC

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning

ESPP

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

Exchange Act

Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended

February 2021 Disposition

Sale completed in February 2021 of certain contract operations customer service agreements, compressors and other assets

Financial Statements

Condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

GAAP

U.S. generally accepted accounting principles

Hilcorp

Hilcorp Energy Company

LIBOR

London Interbank Offered Rate

Old Ocean Reserves

Old Ocean Reserves, LP, formerly JDH Capital Holdings, L.P.

OTC

Over-the-counter, as related to aftermarket services parts and components

ROU

Right-of-use, as related to the lease model under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842 Leases

SEC

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

SG&A

Selling, general and administrative

U.S.

United States of America

3

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical fact contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Exchange Act, including, without limitation, our business growth strategy and projected costs; future financial position; the sufficiency of available cash flows to fund continuing operations and pay dividends; the expected amount of our capital expenditures; anticipated cost savings; future revenue, gross margin and other financial or operational measures related to our business; the future value of our equipment; and plans and objectives of our management for our future operations. You can identify many of these statements by words such as “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “project,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “will continue” or similar words or the negative thereof.

Such forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct. Known material factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements include the risk factors described in our 2021 Form 10-K and those set forth from time to time in our filings with the SEC, which are available through our website at www.archrock.com and through the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

All forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based on information available to us on the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

4

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Archrock, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except par value and share amounts)

(unaudited)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Assets

 

  

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,262

$

1,569

Accounts receivable, trade, net of allowance of $2,209 and $2,152, respectively

 

115,162

 

104,931

Inventory

 

73,596

 

72,869

Other current assets

 

6,364

 

7,201

Total current assets

 

196,384

 

186,570

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

2,230,134

 

2,226,526

Operating lease ROU assets

 

17,116

 

17,491

Intangible assets, net

 

45,374

 

47,887

Contract costs, net

 

26,262

 

25,418

Deferred tax assets

 

47,504

 

47,879

Other assets

 

27,741

 

28,384

Noncurrent assets associated with discontinued operations

 

9,505

 

9,811

Total assets

$

2,600,020

$

2,589,966

Liabilities and Equity

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable, trade

$

70,878

$

38,920

Accrued liabilities

 

90,168

 

82,517

Deferred revenue

 

7,264

 

3,817

Total current liabilities

 

168,310

 

125,254

Long-term debt

 

1,517,015

 

1,530,825

Operating lease liabilities

 

15,448

 

15,940

Deferred tax liabilities

 

1,177

 

1,136

Other liabilities

 

17,879

 

17,505

Noncurrent liabilities associated with discontinued operations

 

7,868

 

7,868

Total liabilities

 

1,727,697

 

1,698,528

Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)

 

  

 

  

Equity:

 

  

 

  

Preferred stock: $0.01 par value per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, zero issued

 

 

Common stock: $0.01 par value per share, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 162,919,584 and 161,482,852 shares issued, respectively

 

1,629

 

1,615

Additional paid-in capital

 

3,443,261

 

3,440,059

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(984)

Accumulated deficit

 

(2,484,066)

 

(2,463,114)

Treasury stock: 7,698,812 and 7,417,401 common shares, at cost, respectively

 

(88,501)

 

(86,138)

Total equity

 

872,323

 

891,438

Total liabilities and equity

$

2,600,020

$

2,589,966

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Archrock, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Revenue:

 

  

 

  

Contract operations

$

163,656

$

166,034

Aftermarket services

 

33,545

 

29,397

Total revenue

 

197,201

 

195,431

Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization):

Contract operations

 

64,501

 

61,365

Aftermarket services

 

28,638

 

25,783

Total cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

93,139

 

87,148

Selling, general and administrative

 

27,773

 

25,084

Depreciation and amortization

 

43,039

 

45,712

Long-lived and other asset impairment

 

7,416

 

7,073

Restructuring charges

897

Interest expense

 

25,246

 

31,245

Gain on sale of assets, net

(2,112)

(11,032)

Other (income) expense, net

 

36

 

(1,889)

Income before income taxes

 

2,664

 

11,193

Provision for income taxes

 

943

 

7,024

Net income

$

1,721

$

4,169

Basic and diluted net income per common share

$

0.01

$

0.03

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

  

 

  

Basic

 

152,690

 

151,425

Diluted

 

152,810

 

151,578

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Archrock, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Net income

    

$

1,721

    

$

4,169

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

 

  

 

  

Interest rate swap gain, net of reclassifications to earnings

 

574

 

996

Amortization of dedesignated interest rate swap

 

410

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

984

 

996

Comprehensive income

$

2,705

$

5,165

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

Archrock, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

Accumulated

Common

Additional

Other

Treasury

Stock

Paid-in

Comprehensive

Accumulated

Stock

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Capital

  

Loss

  

Deficit

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Total

Balance at December 31, 2020

$

1,600

 

160,014,960

$

3,424,624

$

(5,006)

$

(2,401,988)

$

(83,673)

 

(7,052,769)

$

935,557

Treasury stock purchased

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

(1,742)

 

(184,393)

 

(1,742)

Cash dividends ($0.145 per common share)

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

(22,155)

 

  

 

  

 

(22,155)

Shares issued under ESPP

 

28,054

 

235

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

235

Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures

 

9

 

923,330

 

2,654

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

(26,011)

 

2,663

Net proceeds from issuance of common stock

4

357,148

3,397

3,401

Comprehensive income

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

 

  

 

  

 

Net income

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

 

4,169

 

  

 

  

 

4,169

Interest rate swap gain, net of reclassifications to earnings

 

996

 

996

Balance at March 31, 2021

$

1,613

 

161,323,492

$

3,430,910

$

(4,010)

$

(2,419,974)

$

(85,415)

 

(7,263,173)

$

923,124

Balance at December 31, 2021

$

1,615

 

161,482,852

$

3,440,059

$

(984)

$

(2,463,114)

$

(86,138)

 

(7,417,401)

$

891,438

Treasury stock purchased

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

(2,363)

 

(272,403)

 

(2,363)

Cash dividends ($0.145 per common share)

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

(22,673)

 

  

 

  

 

(22,673)

Shares issued under ESPP

 

20,060

 

149

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

149

Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures

 

14

 

1,416,672

 

3,053

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

(9,008)

 

3,067

Comprehensive income

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

Net income

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

1,721

 

  

 

  

 

1,721

Interest rate swap gain, net of reclassifications to earnings

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

574

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

574

Amortization of dedesignated interest rate swap

410

410

Balance at March 31, 2022

$

1,629

 

162,919,584

$

3,443,261

$

$

(2,484,066)

$

(88,501)

 

(7,698,812)

$

872,323

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

Archrock, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Cash flows from operating activities:

  

  

Net income

$

1,721

$

4,169

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Depreciation and amortization

 

43,039

 

45,712

Long-lived and other asset impairment

 

7,416

 

7,073

Inventory write-downs

 

294

 

218

Amortization of operating lease ROU assets

 

780

 

950

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

1,288

 

6,264

Amortization of debt premium

(502)

(501)

Amortization of dedesignated interest rate swap

410

Interest rate swaps

 

631

 

1,071

Stock-based compensation expense

 

3,067

 

2,663

Provision for credit losses

 

108

 

224

Gain on sale of assets, net

 

(2,112)

 

(5,037)

Gain on sale of business

(5,995)

Deferred income tax provision

 

886

 

6,592

Amortization of contract costs

 

4,476

 

5,591

Deferred revenue recognized in earnings

 

(3,115)

 

(2,328)

Change in assets and liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts receivable, trade

 

(15,084)

 

(4,108)

Inventory

 

(1,021)

 

(3,330)

Other assets

 

444

 

270

Contract costs, net

 

(5,320)

 

(2,283)

Accounts payable and other liabilities

 

32,718

 

18,881

Deferred revenue

 

6,351

 

1,397

Other

 

97

 

62

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

76,572

 

77,555

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Capital expenditures

 

(44,858)

 

(11,539)

Proceeds from sale of business

 

 

18,168

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment and other assets

 

5,437

 

9,114

Proceeds from insurance and other settlements

2,763

775

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

(36,658)

 

16,518

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

  

 

  

Borrowings of long-term debt

 

172,500

 

159,751

Repayments of long-term debt

 

(186,500)

 

(229,251)

Payments for debt issuance costs

 

 

(2,401)

Payments for settlement of interest rate swaps that include financing elements

 

(1,334)

 

(1,075)

Dividends paid to stockholders

 

(22,673)

 

(22,155)

Net proceeds from issuance of common stock

3,401

Proceeds from stock issued under ESPP

 

149

 

235

Purchases of treasury stock

 

(2,363)

 

(1,742)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(40,221)

 

(93,237)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(307)

 

836

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

1,569

 

1,097

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

1,262

$

1,933

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

9

Archrock, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

We are an energy infrastructure company with a pure-play focus on midstream natural gas compression. We are the leading provider of natural gas compression services to customers in the oil and natural gas industry throughout the U.S. and a leading supplier of aftermarket services to customers that own compression equipment in the U.S. We operate in two business segments: contract operations and aftermarket services. Our predominant segment, contract operations, primarily includes designing, sourcing, owning, installing, operating, servicing, repairing and maintaining our owned fleet of natural gas compression equipment to provide natural gas compression services to our customers. In our aftermarket services business, we sell parts and components and provide operations, maintenance, overhaul and reconfiguration services to customers who own compression equipment.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and the rules and regulations of the SEC. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP are not required in these interim financial statements and have been condensed or omitted. Management believes that the information furnished reflects all normal recurring adjustments necessary to fairly present our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods indicated. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements presented in our 2021 Form 10-K, which contains a more comprehensive summary of our accounting policies. The interim results reported herein are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.

2. Business Transactions

February 2021 Disposition

In February 2021, we completed the sale of certain contract operations customer service agreements and approximately 300 compressors, comprising approximately 40,000 horsepower, used to provide compression services under those agreements as well as other assets used to support the operations. We allocated customer-related and contract-based intangible assets based on a ratio of the horsepower sold relative to the total horsepower of the asset group. We recorded a gain on the sale of $6.0 million in gain on sale of assets, net in our condensed consolidated statements of operations during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

3. Inventory

(in thousands)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Parts and supplies

$

62,248

$

63,628

Work in progress

 

11,348

 

9,241

Inventory

$

73,596

$

72,869

10

4. Property, Plant and Equipment, net

(in thousands)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Compression equipment, facilities and other fleet assets

$

3,293,561

$

3,273,770

Land and buildings

 

43,932

 

43,540

Transportation and shop equipment

 

91,211

 

92,490

Computer hardware and software

 

76,933

 

76,908

Other

 

6,260

 

6,229

Property, plant and equipment

 

3,511,897

 

3,492,937

Accumulated depreciation

 

(1,281,763)

 

(1,266,411)

Property, plant and equipment, net

$

2,230,134

$

2,226,526

5. Hosting Arrangements

We have hosting arrangements that are service contracts related to the cloud migration of our ERP system and cloud services for our mobile workforce, telematics and inventory management tools.

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we had $13.8 million and $12.7 million, respectively, of capitalized implementation costs related to these hosting arrangements included in other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Accumulated amortization was $1.1 million and $0.7 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. We recorded $0.4 million and $0.1 million of amortization expense to SG&A in our condensed consolidated statements of operations during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

6. Long-Term Debt

(in thousands)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Credit Facility

$

220,500

$

234,500

2028 Notes

Principal

 

800,000

 

800,000

Premium, net of amortization

12,034

 

12,536

Deferred financing costs, net of amortization

 

(9,990)

 

(10,406)

 

802,044

 

802,130

2027 Notes

Principal

500,000

 

500,000

Deferred financing costs, net of amortization

(5,529)

 

(5,805)

494,471

 

494,195

Long-term debt

$

1,517,015

$

1,530,825

Credit Facility

As of March 31, 2022, there were $5.5 million letters of credit outstanding under the Credit Facility and the applicable margin on borrowings outstanding was 2.4%. The weighted average annual interest rate on the outstanding balance under the Credit Facility, excluding the effect of interest rate swaps, was 2.9% and 2.6% at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. We incurred $0.5 million and $0.6 million in commitment fees on the daily unused amount of the Credit Facility during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

As of March 31, 2022, we were in compliance with all covenants under our Credit Facility agreement. As a result of the facility’s financial ratio requirements, $435.2 million of the $524.0 million of undrawn capacity was available for additional borrowings as of March 31, 2022.

11

In February 2021, we amended our Credit Facility to, among other things, reduce the aggregate revolving commitment from $1.25 billion to $750.0 million and adjust certain financial ratios. We wrote off $4.9 million of unamortized deferred financing costs as a result of the amendment, which was recorded to interest expense in our condensed consolidated statements of operations during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

7. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

Components of comprehensive income (loss) are net income (loss) and all changes in equity during a period except those resulting from transactions with owners. Our accumulated other comprehensive loss consists of changes in the fair value of our interest rate swap derivative instruments, net of tax.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Beginning accumulated other comprehensive loss

$

(984)

$

(5,006)

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

Loss recognized in other comprehensive income, net of tax benefit of $107 and $2, respectively

 

(405)

 

(8)

Loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to interest expense, net of tax benefit of $369 and $267, respectively

 

1,389

 

1,004

Total other comprehensive income

 

984

 

996

Ending accumulated other comprehensive loss

$

$

(4,010)

See Note 14 (“Derivatives”) for further details on our interest rate swap derivative instruments.

8. Equity

At-the-Market Continuous Equity Offering Program

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we sold 357,148 shares of common stock for net proceeds of $3.4 million pursuant to our ATM Agreement.

Cash Dividends

The following table summarizes our dividends declared and paid in each of the quarterly periods of 2022 and 2021:

    

Declared Dividends

    

  Dividends Paid

    

per Common Share

    

(in thousands)

2022

 

  

 

  

Q1

$

0.145

$

22,673

2021

 

  

 

  

Q4

$

0.145

$

22,351

Q3

 

0.145

 

22,506

Q2

 

0.145

 

22,331

Q1

 

0.145

 

22,155

On April 28, 2022, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.145 per share of common stock to be paid on May 17, 2022 to stockholders of record at the close of business on May 10, 2022.

12

9. Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The following table presents our revenue from contracts with customers by segment (see Note 19 (“Segments”)) and disaggregated by revenue source:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Contract operations:

  

  

0 ― 1,000 horsepower per unit

$

41,842

$

46,919

1,001 ― 1,500 horsepower per unit

 

67,001

 

68,464

Over 1,500 horsepower per unit

 

54,594

 

50,403

Other (1)

 

219

 

248

Total contract operations revenue (2)

 

163,656

 

166,034

Aftermarket services:

 

  

 

  

Services

 

17,137

 

16,892

OTC parts and components sales

 

16,408

 

12,505

Total aftermarket services revenue (3)

 

33,545

 

29,397

Total revenue

$

197,201

$

195,431

(1) Primarily relates to fees associated with owned non-compression equipment.
(2) Includes $0.2 million and $1.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, related to billable maintenance on owned compressors that was recognized at a point in time. All other contract operations revenue is recognized over time.
(3) Services revenue within aftermarket services is recognized over time. OTC parts and components sales revenue is recognized at a point in time.

Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2022, we had $267.3 million of remaining performance obligations related to our contract operations segment, which will be recognized through 2027 as follows:

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2023

    

2024

    

2025

    

2026

    

2027

    

Total

Remaining performance obligations

$

184,874

$

60,283

$

19,147

$

1,981

$

867

$

98

$

267,250

We do not disclose the aggregate transaction price for the remaining performance obligations for aftermarket services as there are no contracts with customers with an original contract term that is greater than one year.

Contract Assets and Liabilities

Contract Assets

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, our receivables from contracts with customers, net of allowance for credit losses, were $103.0 million and $84.7 million, respectively.

Allowance for Credit Losses

Trade accounts receivable are due from companies of varying size engaged principally in oil and natural gas activities throughout the U.S. We review the financial condition of customers prior to extending credit and generally do not obtain collateral for trade receivables. Payment terms are on a short-term basis and in accordance with industry practice. We consider this credit risk to be limited due to these companies’ financial resources, the nature of the products and services we provide and the terms of our customer agreements.

13

Due to the short-term nature of our trade receivables, we consider the amortized cost to be the same as the carrying amount of the receivable, excluding the allowance for credit losses. We recognize an allowance for credit losses when a receivable is recorded, even when the risk of loss is remote. We utilize an aging schedule to determine our allowance for credit losses and measure expected credit losses on a collective (pool) basis when similar risk characteristics exist. We rely primarily on ratings assigned by external rating agencies and credit monitoring services to assess credit risk and aggregate customers first by low, medium or high risk asset pools, and then by delinquency status. We also consider the internal risk associated with geographic location and the services we provide to the customer when determining asset pools. If a customer does not share similar risk characteristics with other customers, we evaluate the customer’s outstanding trade receivables for expected credit losses on an individual basis. Trade receivables evaluated individually are not included in our collective assessment. Each reporting period, we reassess our customers’ risk profiles and determine the appropriate asset pool classification, or perform individual assessments of expected credit losses, based on the customers’ risk characteristics at the reporting date.

The contractual life of our trade receivables is primarily 30 days based on the payment terms specified in the contract. Contract operations services are generally billed monthly at the beginning of the month in which service is being provided. Aftermarket services billings typically occur when parts are delivered or service is completed. Loss rates are separately determined for each asset pool based on the length of time a trade receivable has been outstanding. We analyze two years of internal historical loss data, including the effects of prepayments, write-offs and subsequent recoveries, to determine our historical loss experience. Our historical loss information is a relevant data point for estimating credit losses, as the data closely aligns with trade receivables due from our customers. Ratings assigned by external rating agencies and credit monitoring services consider past performance and forecasts of future economic conditions in assessing credit risk. We routinely update our historical loss data to reflect our customers’ current risk profile, to ensure the historical data and loss rates are relevant to the pool of assets for which we are estimating expected credit losses.

Our allowance for credit losses balance changed as follows during the three months ended March 31, 2022:

(in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2021

      

$

2,152

Provision for credit losses

108

Write-offs charged against allowance

(51)

Balance at March 31, 2022

$

2,209

Contract Liabilities

Freight billings to customers for the transport of compression assets, customer-specified modifications of compression assets and milestone billings on aftermarket services often result in a contract liability. Our contract liabilities were $7.6 million and $4.4 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and were included in deferred revenue and other liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we deferred revenue of $6.4 million and recognized $3.1 million as revenue. The revenue recognized and deferred during the period primarily related to freight billings and milestone billings on aftermarket services.

10. Long-Lived and Other Asset Impairment

We review long-lived assets, including property, plant and equipment and identifiable intangibles that are being amortized, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances, including the removal of compressors from our active fleet, indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.

14

Compression Fleet

We periodically review the future deployment of our idle compression assets for units that are not of the type, configuration, condition, make or model that are cost efficient to maintain and operate. Based on these reviews, we determine that certain idle compressors should be retired from the active fleet. The retirement of these units from the active fleet triggers a review of these assets for impairment and as a result of our review, we may record an asset impairment to reduce the book value of each unit to its estimated fair value. The fair value of each unit is estimated based on the expected net sale proceeds compared to other fleet units we recently sold, a review of other units recently offered for sale by third parties or the estimated component value of the equipment we plan to use.

In connection with our review of our idle compression assets, we evaluate for impairment idle units that were culled from our fleet in prior years and are available for sale. Based on that review, we may reduce the expected proceeds from disposition and record additional impairment to reduce the book value of each unit to its estimated fair value.

The following table presents the results of our compression fleet impairment review as recorded to our contract operations segment:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(dollars in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Idle compressors retired from the active fleet

 

45

 

70

Horsepower of idle compressors retired from the active fleet

 

31,000

 

24,000

Impairment recorded on idle compressors retired from the active fleet

$

7,409

$

7,012

11. Restructuring Charges

In response to the decreased activity level of our customers that resulted from the coronavirus pandemic beginning in the second quarter of 2020, we incurred severance costs of $7.0 million to right-size our business in 2020 and 2021. No additional costs will be incurred under this restructuring plan.

During the third quarter of 2020, a plan to dispose of certain non-core properties was approved by management. We incurred $1.5 million of costs in 2020 and 2021 as a result of these property disposals. No additional costs will be incurred under this restructuring plan.

The severance and property disposal costs incurred under the above restructuring plans were recorded to restructuring charges in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The following table presents restructuring charges incurred by segment:

    

Contract

Aftermarket

(in thousands)

Operations

Services

Other (1)

Total

Three months ended March 31, 2021

Pandemic restructuring

$

279

$

24

$

585

$

888

2020 Property restructuring

9

9

Total restructuring charges

$

279

$

24

$

594

$

897

(1) Represents expense incurred within our corporate function and not directly attributable to our segments.

15

The following table presents restructuring charges incurred by cost type:

Three Months Ended

(in thousands)

March 31, 2021

Severance costs - pandemic restructuring

$

888

Impairment - 2020 property restructuring

9

Total restructuring charges

$

897

12. Income Taxes

Valuation Allowance

The amount of our deferred tax assets considered realizable could be adjusted if projections of future taxable income are reduced or objective negative evidence in the form of a three-year cumulative loss is present or both. Should we no longer have a level of sustained profitability, excluding nonrecurring charges, we will have to rely more on our future projections of taxable income to determine if we have an adequate source of taxable income for the realization of our deferred tax assets, namely net operating loss, interest limitation and tax credit carryforwards. This may result in the need to record a valuation allowance against all or a portion of our deferred tax assets.

Effective Tax Rate

The year-to-date effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022 differed significantly from our statutory rate primarily due to unrecognized tax benefits and the limitation on executive compensation.

Unrecognized Tax Benefits

As of March 31, 2022, we believe it is reasonably possible that $2.7 million of our unrecognized tax benefits, including penalties, interest and discontinued operations, will be reduced prior to March 31, 2023 due to the settlement of audits or the expiration of statutes of limitations or both. However, due to the uncertain and complex application of the tax regulations, it is possible that the ultimate resolution of these matters may result in liabilities that could materially differ from this estimate.

13. Earnings per Share

Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed using the two-class method, which is an earnings allocation formula that determines net income (loss) per share for each class of common stock and participating security according to dividends declared and participation rights in undistributed earnings. Under the two-class method, basic net income (loss) per common share is determined by dividing net income (loss), after deducting amounts allocated to participating securities, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Participating securities include unvested restricted stock and stock-settled restricted stock units that have nonforfeitable rights to receive dividends or dividend equivalents, whether paid or unpaid. During periods of net loss, only distributed earnings (dividends) are allocated to participating securities, as participating securities do not have a contractual obligation to participate in our undistributed losses.

Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed using the weighted average number of shares outstanding adjusted for the incremental common stock equivalents attributed to outstanding options, performance-based restricted stock units and stock to be issued pursuant to our ESPP unless their effect would be anti-dilutive.

16

The following table shows the calculation for net income attributable to common stockholders, which is used in the calculation of basic and diluted net income per common share:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

    

2022

    

2021

Net income

$

1,721

$

4,169

Less: Earnings attributable to participating securities

 

(515)

 

(168)

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$

1,206

$

4,001

The following table shows the potential shares of common stock that were included in computing diluted net income per common share:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Weighted average common shares outstanding including participating securities

154,832

153,004

Less: Weighted average participating securities outstanding

 

(2,142)

 

(1,579)

Weighted average common shares outstanding used in basic net income per common share

 

152,690

 

151,425

Net dilutive potential common shares issuable:

 

  

 

  

On vesting of restricted stock units

 

117

 

149

On settlement of ESPP shares

 

3

 

4

Weighted average common shares outstanding used in diluted net income per common share

 

152,810

 

151,578

The following table shows the potential shares of common stock issuable that were excluded from computing diluted net income per common share as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

On exercise of options where exercise price is greater than average market value for the period

 

 

44

14. Derivatives

We are exposed to market risks associated with changes in the variable interest rate of our Credit Facility. We have used derivative instruments, in the form of interest rate swaps, to manage our exposure to fluctuations in this variable interest rate and thereby minimize the risks and costs associated with financial activities. We do not use derivative instruments for trading or other speculative purposes.

In March 2022, our $300.0 million notional value of interest rate swaps expired. We previously entered into these swaps to offset changes in expected cash flows due to fluctuations in the associated variable interest rates and designated them as cash flow hedges. There was no nonperformance by any counterparty during the terms of the interest rate swaps and no collateral was posted for the instruments.

Prior to expiration, during the third quarter of 2021, we dedesignated $125.0 million notional value of our interest rate swaps. The fair value of this interest rate swap immediately prior to dedesignation was a liability of $1.6 million. The associated amount in accumulated other comprehensive loss related to this interest rate swap was amortized into interest expense over the remaining term of the swap through March 2022. Changes in the fair value of the dedesignated interest rate swap after dedesignation and prior to expiration were recorded in interest expense.

17

The remaining $175.0 million notional value of our interest rate swaps were designated as (highly effective) cash flow hedging instruments until their expiration. Changes in the fair value of cash flow hedging instruments are recognized as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged transaction affects earnings. At that time, amounts are reclassified into earnings to interest expense, the same statement of operations line item to which the earnings effect of the hedged item is recorded. Cash flows from derivatives designated as hedges are classified in our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows under the same category as the cash flows from the underlying assets, liabilities or anticipated transactions unless the derivative contract contains a significant financing element, in which case, the cash settlements for those derivatives are classified as cash flows from financing activities.

The following table presents the effect of our derivative instruments on our condensed consolidated balance sheets:

(in thousands)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedging instruments

Accrued liabilities

$

$

727

Interest rate swaps not designated as hedging instruments

Accrued liabilities

523

Total derivative liabilities

$

$

1,250

The following table presents the effect of our derivative instruments on our condensed consolidated statements of operations:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Total amount of interest expense in which the effects of cash flow hedges and undesignated interest rate swaps are recorded

$

25,246

$

31,245

Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedging instruments

Pre-tax loss recognized in other comprehensive income

$

(512)

$

(10)

Pre-tax loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into interest expense

 

(1,758)

 

(1,271)

Interest rate swaps not designated as hedging instruments

Gain recognized in interest expense

$

523

$

See Note 7 (“Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss”) and Note 15 (“Fair Value Measurements”) for further details on our derivative instruments.

15. Fair Value Measurements

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

Prior to their expiration in the first quarter of 2022, our interest rate swap derivative instruments were valued quarterly based on the income approach (discounted cash flow) using market observable inputs, including LIBOR forward curves. These fair value measurements were classified as Level 2. The following table presents our derivative position measured at fair value on a recurring basis, with pricing levels as of the date of valuation:

(in thousands)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Derivative liabilities

$

$

1,250

18

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recorded nonrecurring fair value measurements related to our idle compressors. Our estimate of the compressors’ fair value was primarily based on the expected net sale proceeds compared to other fleet units we recently sold and/or a review of other units recently offered for sale by third parties, or the estimated component value of the equipment we plan to use. We discounted the expected proceeds, net of selling and other carrying costs, using a weighted average disposal period of four years. These fair value measurements are classified as Level 3. The fair value of our compressors impaired during 2022 and 2021 was as follows:  

(in thousands)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Impaired compressors

$

740

$

4,380

The significant unobservable inputs used to develop the above fair value measurements were weighted by the relative fair value of the compressors being measured. Additional quantitative information related to our significant unobservable inputs follows:

    

Range

       

   Weighted Average (1)

Estimated net sale proceeds:

As of March 31, 2022

$0 - $621 per horsepower

$40 per horsepower

As of December 31, 2021

$0 - $621 per horsepower

$35 per horsepower

(1) Calculated based on an estimated discount for market liquidity of 60% and 64% as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

See Note 10 (“Long-Lived and Other Asset Impairment”) for further details.

Other Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of our cash, receivables and payables approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of those instruments.

The carrying amount of borrowings outstanding under our Credit Facility approximates fair value due to its variable interest rate. The fair value of these outstanding borrowings is a Level 3 measurement.

The fair value of our fixed rate debt is estimated using yields observable in active markets, which are Level 2 inputs, and was as follows:

(in thousands)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

Carrying amount of fixed rate debt (1)

$

1,296,515

$

1,296,325

Fair value of fixed rate debt

 

1,297,000

 

1,361,000

(1) Carrying amounts are shown net of unamortized premium and deferred financing costs. See Note 6 (“Long-Term Debt”).

19

16. Stock-Based Compensation

We recognize stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance-based restricted stock units and shares issued under our ESPP.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Equity award expense

$

3,067

$

2,663

Liability award expense

 

503

 

586

Total stock-based compensation expense

$

3,570

$

3,249

The following table presents our restricted stock activity during the three months ended March 31, 2022:

Weighted

Average

Grant Date

Shares

Fair Value

    

(in thousands)

    

Per Share

Non-vested restricted stock, December 31, 2021

 

2,578

$

10.35

Granted

 

1,861

 

9.03

Vested

 

(1,074)

 

10.37

Canceled

 

(146)

 

9.42

Non-vested restricted stock, March 31, 2022 (1)

 

3,219

 

9.62

(1) Comprised of 508 cash-settled units and 2,711 stock-settled awards and units.

As of March 31, 2022, we expect $24.3 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to our non-vested awards and units to be recognized over the weighted average period of 2.2 years.

17. Commitments and Contingencies

Insurance Matters

Our business can be hazardous, involving unforeseen circumstances such as uncontrollable flows of natural gas or well fluids and fires or explosions. As is customary in our industry, we review our safety equipment and procedures and carry insurance against some, but not all, risks of our business. Our insurance coverage includes property damage, general liability and commercial automobile liability and other coverage we believe is appropriate. We believe that our insurance coverage is customary for the industry and adequate for our business, however, losses and liabilities not covered by insurance would increase our costs.

Additionally, we are substantially self-insured for workers’ compensation and employee group health claims in view of the relatively high per-incident deductibles we absorb under our insurance arrangements for these risks. Losses up to the deductible amounts are estimated and accrued based upon known facts, historical trends and industry averages. We are also self-insured for property damage to our offshore assets.

20

Tax Matters

We are subject to a number of state and local taxes that are not income-based. As many of these taxes are subject to audit by the taxing authorities, it is possible that an audit could result in additional taxes due. We accrue for such additional taxes when we determine that it is probable that we have incurred a liability and we can reasonably estimate the amount of the liability. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we had $5.6 million and $5.8 million, respectively, accrued for the outcomes of non-income-based tax audits. We do not expect that the ultimate resolutions of these audits will result in a material variance from the amounts accrued. We do not accrue for unasserted claims for tax audits unless we believe the assertion of a claim is probable, it is probable that it will be determined that the claim is owed and we can reasonably estimate the claim or range of the claim. We believe the likelihood is remote that the impact of potential unasserted claims from non-income-based tax audits could be material to our consolidated financial position, but it is possible that the resolution of future audits could be material to our consolidated results of operations or cash flows.

In 2021, one of our sales and use tax audits advanced from the audit review phase to the contested hearing phase. We had $0.6 million accrued for this audit as of both March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.

Litigation and Claims

In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in various pending or threatened legal actions. While we are unable to predict the ultimate outcome of these actions, we believe that any ultimate liability arising from any of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows, including our ability to pay dividends. However, because of the inherent uncertainty of litigation and arbitration proceedings, we cannot provide assurance that the resolution of any particular claim or proceeding to which we are a party will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows, including our ability to pay dividends.

18. Related Party Transactions

Old Ocean Reserves, an affiliate of our customer Hilcorp, has the right to designate one director to our Board of Directors as long as Old Ocean Reserves, together with affiliates of Hilcorp, owns at least 7.5% of our outstanding common stock. As of March 31, 2022, Old Ocean Reserves owned 11.0% of our outstanding common stock. Jason C. Rebrook, President of Hilcorp, has served as their designated Director since July 2020.

Revenue from Hilcorp and affiliates was $9.4 million and $9.5 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Accounts receivable, net due from Hilcorp and affiliates was $3.0 million and $3.7 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

19. Segments

We manage our business segments primarily based on the type of product or service provided. We have two segments which we operate within the U.S.: contract operations and aftermarket services. The contract operations segment primarily provides natural gas compression services to meet specific customer requirements. The aftermarket services segment provides a full range of services to support the compression needs of customers, from parts sales and normal maintenance services to full operation of a customer’s owned assets.

We evaluate the performance of our segments based on gross margin for each segment. Revenue includes only sales to external customers.

21

    

Contract

    

Aftermarket

    

(in thousands)

    

Operations

    

Services

    

Total

Three months ended March 31, 2022

 

  

 

  

 

  

Revenue

$

163,656

$

33,545

$

197,201

Gross margin

 

99,155

 

4,907

 

104,062

Three months ended March 31, 2021

 

  

 

  

 

  

Revenue

$

166,034

$

29,397

$

195,431

Gross margin

 

104,669

 

3,614

 

108,283

The following table reconciles total gross margin to income before income taxes:

    

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Total gross margin

$

104,062

$

108,283

Less:

 

  

 

  

Selling, general and administrative

 

27,773

 

25,084

Depreciation and amortization

 

43,039

 

45,712

Long-lived and other asset impairment

 

7,416

 

7,073

Restructuring charges

897

Interest expense

 

25,246

 

31,245

Gain on sale of assets, net

(2,112)

(11,032)

Other (income) expense, net

 

36

 

(1,889)

Income before income taxes

$

2,664

$

11,193

20. Impact of Hurricane

In August 2021, Hurricane Ida caused operational disruptions, damage to compressors and a temporary shutdown of facilities in Louisiana that negatively impacted our financial performance in the quarter. At December 31, 2021, we had an insurance recovery receivable of $2.8 million related to the facility and compressor damages, which we received in cash in the first quarter of 2022. The remaining portion of our insurance claim pertaining to business interruption is in process. Any amount recovered will not be subject to an additional deductible and will recognized upon notice of final settlement.

21. Subsequent Events

May 2022 Disposition

On May 6, 2022, we completed the sale of certain contract operations customer service agreements and approximately 380 compressors, comprising approximately 70,000 horsepower, used to provide compression services under those agreements, as well as other assets used to support the operations. We allocated customer-related and contract-based intangible assets based on a ratio of the horsepower sold relative to the total horsepower of the asset group. We received cash consideration of $55.5 million for the sale and a gain on sale of approximately $17.0 million will be recognized in the second quarter of 2022.

Investment in ECOTEC

On April 21, 2022, we agreed to acquire for cash a 25% equity interest in ECOTEC, a company specializing in methane emissions monitoring and management.

22

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited Financial Statements and the notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in conjunction with our 2021 Form 10-K.

Overview

We are an energy infrastructure company with a pure-play focus on midstream natural gas compression. We are the leading provider of natural gas compression services to customers in the oil and natural gas industry throughout the U.S. and a leading supplier of aftermarket services to customers that own compression equipment in the U.S. We operate in two business segments: contract operations and aftermarket services. Our contract operations services primarily include designing, sourcing, owning, installing, operating, servicing, repairing and maintaining our owned fleet of natural gas compression equipment to provide natural gas compression services to our customers. In our aftermarket services business, we sell parts and components and provide operations, maintenance, overhaul and reconfiguration services to customers who own compression equipment.

Operating Highlights

Three Months Ended

 

March 31, 

 

(horsepower in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

    

Total available horsepower (at period end)(1)

    

3,881

    

4,067

Total operating horsepower (at period end)(2)

3,275

 

3,329

Average operating horsepower

3,257

 

3,360

Horsepower utilization:

  

 

  

Spot (at period end)

84

%  

82

%

Average

84

%  

82

%

(1) Defined as idle and operating horsepower. Includes new compressors completed by third party manufacturers that have been delivered to us.
(2) Defined as horsepower that is operating under contract and horsepower that is idle but under contract and generating revenue such as standby revenue.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Management uses a variety of financial and operating metrics to analyze our performance. These metrics are significant factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include the non-GAAP financial measure of gross margin.

We define gross margin as total revenue less cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization). Gross margin is included as a supplemental disclosure because it is a primary measure used by our management to evaluate the results of revenue and cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization), which are key components of our operations. We believe gross margin is important because it focuses on the current operating performance of our operations and excludes the impact of the prior historical costs of the assets acquired or constructed that are utilized in those operations, the indirect costs associated with our SG&A activities, our financing methods and income taxes. In addition, depreciation and amortization may not accurately reflect the costs required to maintain and replenish the operational usage of our assets and therefore may not portray the costs of current operating activity. As an indicator of our operating performance, gross margin should not be considered an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income (loss) as determined in accordance with GAAP. Our gross margin may not be comparable to a similarly-titled measure of other entities because other entities may not calculate gross margin in the same manner.

23

Gross margin has certain material limitations associated with its use as compared to net income (loss). These limitations are primarily due to the exclusion of SG&A, depreciation and amortization, impairments, restructuring charges, interest expense, (gain) loss on sale of assets, net, other (income) expense, net and provision for (benefit from) income taxes. Because we intend to finance a portion of our operations through borrowings, interest expense is a necessary element of our costs and our ability to generate revenue. Additionally, because we use capital assets, depreciation expense is a necessary element of our costs and our ability to generate revenue and SG&A is necessary to support our operations and required corporate activities. To compensate for these limitations, management uses this non-GAAP measure as a supplemental measure to other GAAP results to provide a more complete understanding of our performance.

The following table reconciles net income to gross margin:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

Net income

$

1,721

$

4,169

Selling, general and administrative

 

27,773

 

25,084

Depreciation and amortization

 

43,039

 

45,712

Long-lived and other asset impairment

 

7,416

 

7,073

Restructuring charges

897

Interest expense

 

25,246

 

31,245

Gain on sale of assets, net

(2,112)

(11,032)

Other (income) expense, net

 

36

 

(1,889)

Provision for income taxes

 

943

 

7,024

Gross margin

$

104,062

$

108,283

Results of Operations: Summary of Results

Revenue

Revenue was $197.2 million and $195.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase in consolidated revenue was due to increased revenue from our aftermarket services business, which was partially offset by a decrease in revenue from our contract operations business. See “Contract Operations” and “Aftermarket Services” below for further details.

Net Income

Net income was $1.7 million and $4.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The decline in net income was primarily driven by decreases in the gross margin of our contract operations business, gain on sale of assets, net and other (income) expense, net, as well as an increase in SG&A. Partially offsetting these declines were an increase in the gross margin of our aftermarket services business and decreases in provision for income taxes, interest expense, depreciation and amortization and restructuring charges.

24

Results of Operations: Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

Contract Operations

 

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

Increase

(dollars in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

    

(Decrease)

Revenue

$

163,656

$

166,034

(1)

%

Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

64,501

 

61,365

5

%

Gross margin

$

99,155

$

104,669

(5)

%

Gross margin percentage

 

61

%  

 

63

%  

(2)

%

Revenue decreased primarily due to the strategic disposition of 147,000 horsepower in 2021. Partially offsetting this decrease was an increase in contract operations rates in response to the market upturn, as well as units returning to operating status from standby.

Gross margin decreased due to the decline in revenue discussed above, as well as the increase in cost of sales. Cost of sales increased primarily due to an increase in lube oil expense, which was driven by higher commodity pricing and increased volumes associated with unit redeployment as customer activity increased. Start-up and other operating expense also increased as a result of redeployment activity. Offsetting these increases was a decrease in maintenance expense as the result of lower operating horsepower in 2022 compared to 2021.

Aftermarket Services

 

Three Months Ended

 

March 31, 

Increase

(dollars in thousands)

    

2022

    

2021

    

(Decrease)

Revenue

$

33,545

$

29,397

 

14

%

Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization)